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Gender

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ISBN-10: 0521329396

ISBN-13: 9780521329392

Edition: 1991

Authors: Greville G. Corbett, S. R. Anderson, J. Bresnan, B. Comrie, W. Dressler

List price: $169.99
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Description:

Gender is a fascinating category, central and pervasive in some languages and totally absent in others. In this new, overall account of gender systems, over 200 languages are discussed, from English and Russian to Archi and Chichewa. More detailed analysis of individual languages provides clear illustrations of specific types of systems. Gender distinction is often based on sex; sometimes this is only one criterion and the gender of nouns depends on other factors (thus "house" is masculine in Russian, feminine in French and neuter in Tamil). On occasion there are equivalent distinctions such as human/non-human, animate/inanimate, where sex is irrelevant.
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Book details

List price: $169.99
Copyright year: 1991
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Publication date: 4/26/1991
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 384
Size: 6.50" wide x 9.50" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 1.496
Language: English

List of figures
List of tables
Preface
List of abbreviations
introduction
Gender in the languages of the world
General approach and outline of the book
Presentation of data
gender assignment i: semantic systems
Strict semantic systems
Tamil and other Dravidian languages
Other strict semantic systems
Predominantly semantic systems
Zande
Dyirbal
Ket
Ojibwa and other Algonquian languages
Lak and other Caucasian languages
Other partially semantic systems
The criteria on which semantic systems are based
Conclusion
gender assignment ii: formal systems
Morphological systems
Russian
Swahili and other Bantu languages
The features on which morphological systems are based
Phonological systems
Qafar
Hausa
Godie and other Kru languages
Yimas
French
The features on which phonological systems are based
General characteristics of assignment systems
Overt and covert gender
Overlapping of assignment criteria
Problematic nouns
Conclusion
the psycholinguistic status of gender assignment
Borrowings
Assignment of borrowings by normal rules
Claims for special assignment rules
Child language acquisition
Experimental evidence
Residual meaning of gender
Diachronic evidence
Conclusion
gender agreement
Elements showing gender agreement
The form of gender agreement
The morphology of gender agreement
Alliterative concord
A complex example: Khinalug
Limits on gender agreement
Syntactic restrictions
Interaction with tense
Interaction with person
Interaction with number
Interaction with case
Morphological class
Phonological constraints
Lexical restrictions
Lack of agreement: classifiers
The gaining and losing of gender agreement
Conclusion
establishing the number of genders
Terms
Agreement classes
Controller genders and target genders
The relation of gender and number
Relation to semantics
The relation of controller genders to target genders
The maximalist problem
Subgenders
Overdifferentiated targets and pronominal gender systems
Inquorate genders
Defective nouns
Consistent agreement patterns
Combined gender systems
Conclusion
target genders: syncretism and enforced gender forms
Gender and number
Syncretism: further examples of convergent and crossed systems
Types of syncretism
Diachronic implications
Neutral agreement
The problem
Strategy 1: the use of a regular gender/number form
Strategy 2: the use of a unique neutral agreement form
Extension of use of neutral agreement forms
Neutral agreement: summing up
Gender agreement with noun phrases involving reference problems
Use of one possible form by convention
Use of an 'evasive' form
Use of a special form
No strategy
Conclusion
hybrid nouns and the agreement hierarchy
The Agreement Hierarchy
Data
Wider considerations
Personal pronouns
Diachrony
Conclusion
gender resolution rules
Features requiring resolution
Person resolution
Number resolution
Gender resolution
The application of resolution rules
Agreement with one conjunct
Factors favouring resolution
Semantic gender resolution
Syntactic gender resolution
Mixed semantic and syntactic gender resolution
Strategies for gender resolution
Markedness: an inadequate motivation
Semantic justification and clear marking of plurality
Diachrony
Conclusion
generalizations and prospects
Meaning and form
A perspective on gender systems
Earlier research on gender
Diachrony
The rise of gender systems
The development of gender systems
The decline of gender systems
Prospects
Descriptive studies
The function of gender
Collaborative work
References
Author index
Language index
Subject index