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Semantic Theory

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ISBN-10: 0521292093

ISBN-13: 9780521292092

Edition: 1977

Authors: Ruth M. Kempson, S. R. Anderson, J. Bresnan, B. Comrie, W. Dressler

List price: $64.99
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Description:

Semantics is a bridge discipline between linguistics and philosophy; but linguistics student are rarely able to reach that bridge, let alone cross it to inspect and assess the activity on the other side. Professor Kempson's textbook seeks particularly to encourage such exchanges. She deals with the standard linguistic topics like componential analysis, semantic universals and the syntax-semantics controversy. But she also provides for students with no training in philosophy or logic an introduction to such central topics in the philosophy of language as logical form, truth, speech acts, analyticity, entailment and presupposition. The exposition throughout is deliberately argumentative…    
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Book details

List price: $64.99
Copyright year: 1977
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Publication date: 9/15/1977
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 232
Size: 6.25" wide x 9.25" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 0.748
Language: English

Preface
Introduction
Explanations of word meaning
Meaning and reference
The image theory of meaning
Meaning and concepts
Componential analysis
Meaning and truth
Tarski's truth definition and sentence meaning
Truth conditions and word meaning
Meaning and necessary truth
Truth conditions and logical form
Sentence v. statement
Logical truth v. analytic truth
Truth conditions and entailment
Sentence meaning and the non-declaratives
Meaning and language use
Bloomfield and behaviorism
Speech act semantics
Speech act semantics v. truth-conditional semantics
Speech act semantics and sentence relations
Speech act semantics and non-declaratives
A re-appraisal of the problems
Performative utterances and truth-value assignment
A theory of language use: pragmatics
Summary
The formalisation of word meaning
Word, lexical item and the problem of homonymy
Lexical structure
Componential analysis and lexical relations
The relation between lexical items and semantic components
The formal representation of semantic components
Componential analysis: the nature of the evidence
Semantic universals?
Summary
Sentence meaning
Deep structure and semantic representations of sentence meaning
The definition of deep structure
A projection rule for sentence meaning
Selectional restrictions: the problem of anomaly
Negation
Ambiguity and vagueness
Four types of vagueness
An ambiguity test
Ambiguity and negation
Quantifiers and problems in testing ambiguity
The logic of natural language
Presupposition and entailment defined
Presupposition and the negation test
Internal negation v. external negation
Negation and the ambiguity test revisited
The three-valued definition of and
Summary
Syntax and semantics
'Standard' deep structure and semantic representation
Surface structure and semantic representation
Deep structure and semantic representation identified: an ambiguity argument
Phrase structure rules, transformations and semantic representation
Syntax and semantics: the issue reviewed
Summary
The state of the art and prospects for the future
Linguistic semantics v. logical semantics?
Meaning postulates
Outlook for the future
Semantics
Pragmatics
Bibliography
Index