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Indo-Aryan Languages

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ISBN-10: 0521234204

ISBN-13: 9780521234207

Edition: N/A

Authors: Colin P. Masica

List price: $125.99
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Description:

In his ambitious survey of the Indo-Aryan languages, Masica has provided a fundamental, comparative introduction that will interest not only general and theoretical linguists but also students of one or more languages (Hindi, Urdu, Bengali, Punjabi, Gujurati, Marathi, Sinhalese, etc.) who want to acquaint themselves with the broader linguistic context. Generally synchronic in approach, concentrating on the phonology, morphology and syntax of the modern representatives of the group, the volume also covers their historical development, writing systems, and aspects of sociolinguistics.
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Book details

List price: $125.99
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Publication date: 3/21/1991
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 555
Size: 6.50" wide x 9.50" long x 1.50" tall
Weight: 2.046
Language: English

List of illustrations
List of tables
Preface
Acknowledgements
Note on transcription
Introduction
The modern Indo-Aryan languages and dialects
Indo-Aryan: a bird's eye view
"Language" vs. "dialect" in the Indo-Aryan context
Hindi and Urdu
Nomenclature
The historical context and development of Indo-Aryan
Genetic connections
Migration hypotheses and associated problems
The traditional Indian view
The new linguistic environment
Subsequent spread of Indo-Aryan in the subcontinent and beyond
Foreign influences and contacts
The historical stages of Indo-Aryan
Sociolinguistic aspects of the history of Indo-Aryan
Comparative reconstruction
The nature of the New Indo-Aryan lexicon
General considerations
The traditional analysis: tadbhava and tatsama
The Sanskrit element in NIA
The "foreign" element in NIA: Perso-Arabic
The "foreign" element in NIA: Portuguese
The "foreign" element in NIA: English
The "foreign" element in NIA: pronunciation
NIA creativity: expressive forms
NIA creativity: onomatopoeia and sound symbolism
NIA creativity: echo-formations
NIA creativity: modern neologisms
Common basic vocabulary
NIA descriptive phonology
Descriptive problems
Secondary subsystems
The NIA consonants
Stop position
Nasals
Laterals and flaps
Fricatives
Semivowels
Voicing
Aspiration
Other correlations, and special sounds
Secondary consonants
Overview of NIA consonant "systems"
NIA vowels and associated features
NIA oral vowel systems
Further remarks on vowels
Diphthongs
Nasalization
Tone and murmur
Stress
Distributions
General positional privileges
Cooccurrence possibilities and constraints
Areal and typological comparisons
Writing systems
Origins of Brahmi
Evolution and diversification of Brahmi
Legacy of Brahmi
Perso-Arabic script for NIA languages
The Roman script for NIA languages
Historical phonology
Introduction
Review of OIA phonology
MIA or "Prakritic" developments
Summary of the effects of the MIA changes
MIA local and other qualifications
The Common NIA developments
Effects of the Common NIA changes
Special developments
Exceptions to the mainstream developments
Regional and language-specific innovations
Conclusions
Nominal forms and categories
Introduction: "forms and categories" vs. "morphology"
Gender
Number
Case
Definiteness
Adjectives
Pronouns
Verbal forms and categories
Introduction: the basic NIA system
Concord
Aspect
Tense/mood
Finite verb paradigms of the principal NIA languages
Verb stem I: valence and voice
Non-finite forms
Verb stem II: Aktionsart and the compound verb
Syntax
Introduction
The simple sentence: preliminaries
Word order
The nominal sentence
The problem of Subject in NIA
Ergative and quasi-ergative constructions
The Dative Subject construction
The Passive Agent
Other candidates for subjecthood
Summary
Object in NIA
The Noun Phrase
The Adjective Phrase
The Verb Phrase
Modifications of the simple sentence
Question formation
Negation
Displacement
Deletion
Coordinate structures and the "conjunctive participle"
Complex sentences
Preliminaries
Nominal clauses
Adjectival clauses
Adverbial clauses
Conditional constructions
Causative constructions
Inventory of NIA languages and dialetcs
Schemes of NIA subclassification
Notes
Bibliography
Index of languages
General index