Logic and Contemporary Rhetoric The Use of Reason in Everyday Life

ISBN-10: 0495804118

ISBN-13: 9780495804116

Edition: 11th 2010

List price: $192.95
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Book details

List price: $192.95
Edition: 11th
Copyright year: 2010
Publisher: Wadsworth
Publication date: 2/9/2009
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 432
Size: 6.50" wide x 9.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.254
Language: English

Nancy M. Cavender is Professor Emeritus at the College of Marin.

Howard Kahane, April 19, 1928 - May 2, 2001 Howard Kahane was born on April 19, 1928 in Cleveland, Ohio. He received his bachelor's degree in 1954, and hid master's in 1958 from the University of California at Los Angeles. Kahane received his Ph. D. from the University of Pennsylvania in 1962. After graduating, Kahane taught at Whitman College, the University of Kansas, American University and the University of Maryland at Baltimore. He then went on to teach philosophy at Baruch College in New York. In 1971 he published his most famous work, "Logic and Contemporary Rhetoric: The Use of Reason in Everyday Life," which has produced nine editions and is considered a handbook for philosophy teachers. In it, Kahane attempts to rid logic of its mathematical approach and make it a tool for assessing truthfulness. Howard Kahane died on May 2, 2001 in Mill Valley California after a heart attack. He was 73.

Good and Bad Reasoning
Reasoning and Arguments
Exposition and Argument
Cogent Reasoning
Two Basic Kinds of Valid Argument
Some Wrong Ideas about Cogent Reasoning
Background Beliefs
Kinds of Background Beliefs
Worldviews or Philosophies
Insufficiently Grounded Beliefs
Two Vital Kinds of Background Beliefs
Science to the Rescue
Summary of Chapter 1
More on Deduction and Induction
Deductive Validity
Deductive Invalidity
Indirect Proofs
Tautologies, Contradictions, and Contingent Statements
Inductive Validity (Correctness) and Invalidity (Incorrectness)
A Misconception about Deduction and Induction
Reasoning Cogently Versus Being Right in Fact
Summary of Chapter 2
Fallacious Reasoning-1
Appeal to Authority
Straw Man
False Dilemma and the Either-Or Fallacy
Begging the Question
Questionable Premise-Questionable Statement
Suppressed (Overlooked) Evidence
Summary of Chapter 3
Fallacious Reasoning-2
Ad Hominem Argument
Two Wrongs Make a Right
Irrelevant Reason (Non Sequitur)
Appeal to Ignorance
Composition and Division
Slippery Slope
Summary of Chapter 4
Fallacious Reasoning-3
Hasty Conclusion
Small Sample
Unrepresentative Sample
Questionable Cause
Questionable Analogy
Questionable Statistics
Questionable Uses of Good Statistics
Polls: An Important Special Case
False Charge of Fallacy
Summary of Chapter 5
Psychological Impediments to Cogent Reasoning: Shooting Ourselves in the Foot
Loyalty, Provincialism, and the Herd Instinct
Prejudice, Stereotypes, Scapegoats, and Partisan Mind-Sets
Superstitious Beliefs
Wishful Thinking and Self-Deception
Rationalization and Procrastination
Other Defense Mechanisms
The Benefits of Self-Deception, Wishful Thinking, and Denial
The Pull of Pseudoscience and the Paranormal
Lack of a Good Sense of Proportion
Summary of Chapter 6
Cognitive and Emotive Meanings
Emotive Meanings and Persuasive Uses of Language
Other Common Rhetorical Devices
Language Manipulators
Language Revision
Summary of Chapter 7
Evaluating Extended Arguments
The Basic Tasks of Essay Evaluation
The Margin Note and Summary Method
Extended Evaluation of an Argument
Dealing with Value Claims
Evaluating Ironic Works
Summary of Chapter 8
Writing Cogent (and Persuasive) Essays
The Writing Process
Preparing to Write
Writing the Essay
Supporting Reasons Effectively
Summary of Chapter 9
Advertising: Selling the Product
Promise and Identification Advertisements
Things to Watch Out for in Advertisements
The Upside of Ads
Marketing Strategies
Political Advertising
Summary of Chapter 10
Managing the News
The Media and the Power of Money
News-Gathering Methods Are Designed to Save Money
Misdirection and Lack of Proportion
News Reporting: Theory and Practice
Devices Used to Slant the News
Television, Film, and Electronic Information Sources
The Non-Mass Media to the Rescue
Recent Developments
Summary of Chapter 11
Textbooks: Managing Worldviews
High School History Textbooks
Social Studies (Civics) Textbooks Minimize the Great Gulf between Theory and Practice
Textbooks and Indoctrination
Textbooks and Politics
Textbooks Fail to Give Students Genuine Understanding
Postscript on College Texts
Summary of Chapter 12
More on Cause and Effect
Scientific Method
Calculating Probabilities and Fair Odds
Answers to Starred Exercise Items
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