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Philosophy of Science The Link Between Science and Philosophy

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ISBN-10: 048643897X

ISBN-13: 9780486438979

Edition: 2004

Authors: Philipp Frank

List price: $21.95
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A great mathematician and teacher, and a physicist and philosopher in his own right, bridges the gap between science and the humanities in this exposition of the philosophy of science. He traces the history of science from Aristotle to Einstein to illustrate philosophy's ongoing role in the scientific process. In this volume he explains modern technology's gradual erosion of the rapport between physical theories and philosophical systems, and offers suggestions for restoring the link between these related areas. This book is suitable for undergraduate students and other readers. 1962 ed. Index. 36 figures.
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Book details

List price: $21.95
Copyright year: 2004
Publisher: Dover Publications, Incorporated
Publication date: 10/26/2004
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 394
Size: 5.50" wide x 8.50" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 0.946

Introduction. Of What Use Is the Philosophy of Science?
The Rift Between Science and Philosophy
The Missing Link Between Science and the Humanities
Science as the Balance of Mind
Is the Scientist a "Learned Ignoramus"?
Technological and Philosophical Interest in Science
Obsolete Philosophies in the Writings of Scientists
Information or "Understanding"?
Footnotes for the Introduction
The Chain That Links Science With Philosophy
Facts and Concepts
Patterns of Description
Understanding by Analogy
Aristotle's Scheme of Natural Science
From "Confused Aggregates" to "Intelligible Principles"
"Science" and "Philosophy" as Two Ends of One Chain
The "Scientific" and the "Philosophical" Criteria of Truth
The Practical Use of "Philosophic Truth"
The Rupture of the Chain
How the Rupture Occurred
Organismic and Mechanistic Philosophy
How Science in the Modern Sense Was Born
Science as a Fragment of Philosophy
How "Science" Can Become "Philosophy"
Speculative Science and Metaphysics
The Belief in Intelligible Principles
"Science Proper"
Science, Common Sense, and Philosophy
Geometry: An Example of a Science
Geometry as the Ideal of Philosophy
"Intelligible Principles" and "Observable Facts" in Geometry
Descartes, Mill, and Kant
"Axioms" and "Theorems"
The Euclidean Axiom of Parallels
Non-Euclidean Geometry
"Validity" of Propositions in Geometry
"Formalization" of the Axioms
Formalization of "Congruence"
Operational Definitions in Geometry
The Twentieth-Century Conception of Geometry
The Laws of Motion
Before Galileo and Newton
The Ancient Laws of Motion Were "Organismic"
The Universe as an Organism
The Copernican System and the "Organismic" Laws of Motion
Newton's Laws of Motion
The Operational Definition of "Force"
The Operational Definition of "Mass"
Remnants of Organismic Physics in Newtonian Mechanics
Motion, Light, and Relativity
Aristotle, St. Augustine, and Einstein
"Relativity" in Newtonian Mechanics
Newton's Relativity and Optical Phenomena
The Electromagnetic World Picture
The Principles of Einstein's Theory
The "Theory of Relativity" Is a Physical Hypothesis
Relativity of Space and Time
The "Disappearance" and the "Creation" of Matter
Four-dimensional and Non-Euclidean Geometry
The Limitations of Euclidean Geometry
Relativity of Acceleration and Rotation
Curvature of Space
Is the World "Really Four-Dimensional?"
Metaphysical Interpretations of Relativistic Physics
Metaphysical Interpretations of "Inertia,"
The "Indestructibility of Matter" as a Metaphysical Interpretation
Metaphysical "Implications" of the Theory of Relativity
In What Sense Does the Theory of Relativity Refute Materialism?
Is the Theory of Relativity Dogmatic?
Motion of Atomic Objects
Newton Was No Newtonian
The "Crucial Experiment" Versus the Corpuscular Theory of Light
A Second "Crucial Experiment,"
The Laws of Motion for Light Quanta
The Laws of Motion for Very Small Material Particles
The New Language of the Atomic World
Heisenberg's Uncertainty Relation
Bohr's Principle of Complementarity
"Position and Momentum of a Particle" Has No Operational Meaning
Facts, Words, and Atoms
Phenomena and Interphenomena
The Variety of Formulations in Atomic Physics
Metaphysical Interpretations of the Atomic World
The "Spiritual Element" in Atomic Physics
Popular Interpretations of Atomic Physics
Science and Metaphysics in the Principle of "Indeterminacy,"
Physics and "Free Will,"
Causal Laws
The Meaning of "Predetermination,"
LaPlace, Newton, and the Omniscient Intelligence
The Mathematical Form of a Causal Law
Relevant and Irrelevant Variables
Causal Laws in Field Theory
"Gaps" in Causal Laws
The Principle of Causality
Discussion of How to Formulate the General Principle of Causality
Causality as a Recurrence of Sequences
Causality as the Existence of Laws
Causal Law and Statistical Law
The Science of Science
The Place of Induction in Ancient and Modern Science
Induction, General Laws, and Single Facts
Induction by New Concepts
Concepts and Operational Definitions
Induction by Intuition and Induction by Enumeration
The Validation of Theories
Induction and Statistical Probability
Statistical and Logical Probability
Which Theory of Probability Is Valid?
Theories of High Generality
The Role of Causality in Twentieth-Century Science
The "Scientific" Criteria for the Acceptance of Theories
The Role of "Extrascientific" Reasons