How Things Work The Physics of Everyday Life

ISBN-10: 047146886X

ISBN-13: 9780471468868

Edition: 3rd 2006 (Revised)

Authors: Louis A. Bloomfield

List price: $92.95
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Description:

This book is an unconventional introduction to physics and science that starts with whole objects and looks inside them to see what makes them work. It's written for students who seek a connection between science and the world in which they live. How Things Work brings science to the reader rather than the reverse. Like the course in which it developed, this book has always been for nonscientists and is written with their interests in mind. Nonetheless, it has attracted students from the sciences, engineering, architecture, and other technical fields who wish to put scientific concepts into context. This book is written in English and organized in a case-study fashion. It conveys an understanding and appreciation for physics by finding physics concepts and principles within the familiar objects of everyday experience. Because its structure is defined by real-life examples, this book necessarily discusses concepts as they're needed and then revisits them later on when they reappear in other objects. Lou Bloomfield is a highly dedicated teacher and one of the most popular professors at University of Virginia, and was the recipient of the 1998 State of Virginia Outstanding Faculty Award. Lou has given talks all over the country on teaching physics through everyday objects. He has extreme attention to detail and knowledge of technical physics. He is very tech savvy and has been able to provide many of the photos and illustrations for the text himself.
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Book details

List price: $92.95
Edition: 3rd
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated
Publication date: 10/7/2005
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 576
Size: 8.00" wide x 10.00" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.320
Language: English

Louis A. Bloomfield is Professor of Physics at the University of Virginia. He also works extensively with professional societies and the media to explain physics to the general public. He maintains a website where he answers a wide range of questions on physics. Bloomfield received his Ph.D. from Stanford and was a postdoctoral fellow at AT &T Bell Laboratories. Bloomfield has been widely recognized for his teaching of physics and science to thousands of non-science students at the University of Virginia and is the recipient of a 1998 State of Virginia Outstanding Faculty Award and the 2001 Pegram Medal of the Southeastern Section of the American Physical Society. He is the author of almost 100 publications in the fields of atomic clusters, autoionizing states, high-resolution laser spectroscopy, nonlinear optics, computer science, and general science literacy, and of the successful introductory textbook How Things Work: The Physics of Everyday Life, 3rd Edition (Wiley 2006).

The Laws of Motion, Part I
Experiment: Removing a Tablecloth from a Table
Skating
Inertia
Force
Velocity
Acceleration
Mass
Newton's first and second laws
Inertial frames of reference
Units
Falling Balls
Weight
Projectile motion
Vector components
Ramps
Net force
Newton's third law
Energy
Work
Energy conservation
Potential energy
Ramps
Mechanical advantage
The Laws of Motion, Part II
Experiment: A Spinning Pie Dish
Seesaws
Rotational inertia
Torque
Angular velocity
Angular acceleration
Rotational mass
Newton's first and second laws of rotation
Center of mass
Levers
Wheels
Friction
Thermal energy
Wheels
Bearings
Kinetic energy
Bumper Cars
Momentum
Impulse
Momentum conservation
Angular momentum
Angular impulse
Angular momentum conservation
Newton's third law of rotation
Potential energy and acceleration
Mechanical Objects, Part I
Experiment: Swinging Water Overhead
Spring Scales
Equilibrium
Stable equilibrium
Hooke's law
Oscillation
Calibration
Center of gravity
Bouncing Balls
Collisions
Energy transfers
Vibration
Elastic and inelastic collisions
Carousels and Roller Coasters
Feeling of acceleration
Uniform circular motion
Centripetal acceleration
Mechanical Objects, Part II
Experiment: High Flying Balls
Bicycles
Unstable equilibrium
Static and dynamic stability
Precession
Rockets and Space Travel
Reaction forces
Newton's law of gravitation
Elliptical orbits
Kepler's laws
Special and general relativity
Equivalence principle
Fluids
Experiment: A Cartesian Diver
Balloons
Pressure
Density
Temperature
Archimedes' principle
Buoyant force
Ideal gas law
Water Distribution
Hydrostatics
Pascal's principle
Hydraulics
Hydrodynamics
Steady state flow
Bernoulli's equation
Fluids and Motion
Experiment: A Vortex Cannon
Garden Watering
Viscous forces
Laminar and turbulent flows
Speed and pressure in a fluid
Reynolds number
Chaos
Momentum in a fluid
Balls and Air
Aerodynamic lift and drag
Viscous drag
Pressure drag
Boundary layers
Magnus and wake deflection forces
Airplanes
Streamlining
Lifting wing
Angle of attack
Induced drag
Stalled wing
Thrust
Heat and Phase Transitions
Experiment: A Ruler Thermometer
Woodstoves
Thermal energy
Heat
Temperature
Chemical bonds and reactions
Conduction
Thermal conductivity
Convection
Radiation
Heat capacity
Water, Steam, and Ice
Phases of matter
Phase transitions
Melting
Freezing
Condensation
Evaporation
Relative humidity
Latent heats of melting and evporation
Sublimation
Deposition
Boiling
Nucleation
Superheating
Incandescent Lightbulbs
Electromagnetic spectrum
Light
Blackbody spectrum
Emissivity
Stefan-Boltzmann law
Thermal expansion
Thermodynamics
Experiment: Making Fog in a Bottle
Air Conditioners
Laws of thermodynamics
Temperature
Heat
Entropy
Heat pumps and thermodynamic efficiency
Automobiles
Heat engines and thermodynamic efficiency
Resonance and Mechanical Waves
Experiment: A Singing Wineglass
Clocks
Time and space
Natural resonance
Harmonic oscillators
Simple harmonic motion
Frequency
Musical Instruments
Sound
Music
Vibrations in strings
Air
Surfaces
Higher-order modes
Harmonic and non-harmonic overtones
Sympathetic vibration
Standing and traveling waves
Transverse and longitudinal waves
Velocity
Frequency
Wavelength in mechanical waves
Superposition
Doppler effect
The Sea
Tidal forces
Surface waves
Dispersion
Refraction
Reflection
Interference in mechanical waves
Electricity
Experiment: Moving Water Without Touching It
Static Electricity
Electric charge
Electrostatic forces
Coulomb's law
Electrostatic potential energy
Voltage
Charging by contact
Electric polarization
Electrical conductors and insulators
Xerographic Copiers
Electric fields and voltage gradients
Relationships between shape and field
Discharges
Electric current
Direction of current flow
Charging by induction
Flashlights
Electric circuits
Electrical resistance
Voltage rises
Voltage drops
Relationship between current
Voltage
Power
Ohm's law
Magnetism and Electrodynamics
Experiment: A Nail and Wire Electromagnet
Household Magnets
Magnetic pole
Magnetostatic forces
Coulomb's law for magnetism
Magnetic fields
Ferromagnetism
Magnetic polarization
Magnetic domains
Magnetic materials
Magnetic flux lines
Relationship between currents and magnetic fields
Electric Power Distribution
Superconductivity
Direct and alternating currents
Induction
Transformers
Magnetic field energy
Relationship between changing magnetic fields and electric fields
Induced emf
Lenz's law
Electrical safety
Electric Generators and Motors
Electromagnetic forces
Energy
Work
Lorenz force
Electronics
Experiment: Building an Electronic Kit
Power Adapters
Quantum physics
Wave-particle duality
Pauli exclusion principle
Band structure
Fermi level
Metals
Insulators
Semiconductors
P-n junction
Diodes
Capacitors
Audio Players
Analog vs. digital representations
Resistors
MOSFETs
Logic elements
Series and parallel circuits
Amplifiers
Electromagnetic Waves
Experiment: Boiling Water in an Ice Cup
Radio
Electric field energy
Relationship between changing electric fields and magnetic fields
Tank circuits
Speed of light
Wave polarization
Amplitude modulation
Frequency modulation
Bandwidth
Microwave Ovens
Speed
Frequency
Wavelength in electromagnetic waves
Polar and nonpolar molecules
Cyclotron motion
Light
Experiment: Splitting the Colors of Sunlight
Sunlight
Rayleigh scattering
Impedance
Refraction
Reflection
Dispersion
Interference in electromagnetic waves
Index of refraction
Polarized reflection
Discharge Lamps
Color vision
Primary colors of light and pigment
Gas discharges
Periodic chart
Atomic structure and emission
Radiative transitions
Planck's constant
Fluorescence
Radiation trapping
Lasers and LEDs
Incoherent and coherent light
Spontaneous and stimulated emission
Population inversion
Laser amplification and oscillation
Diffraction
Laser safety
Optics
Experiment: Focusing Sunlight
Cameras
Refracting optics
Converging lenses
Real images
Focus
Focal lengths
F-numbers
The lens equation
Diverging lenses
Virtual images
Light sensors
Vision and vision correction
Optical Recording and Communication
Diffraction limit
Plane and circular polarization
Total internal reflection
Modern Physics
Experiment: Radiation Damaged Paper
Nuclear Weapons
Nuclear structure
Isotopes
Radioactivity
Uncertainty principle
Tunneling
Half-life
Alpha decay
Fission
Chain reaction
Fusion
Transmutation of elements
Fallout
Medical Imaging and Radiation
X rays
Gamma rays
X-ray fluorescence
Bremsstrahlung
Photoelectric effect
Compton scattering
Beta decay
Anitimatter
Accelerators
Magnetic resonance
Appendices
Vectors
Units, Conversion of Units
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