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Brain and Music

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ISBN-10: 0470683392

ISBN-13: 9780470683392

Edition: 2011

Authors: Stefan Koelsch

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This book deals with how, when, and where in the brain music is processed. The book is the first one to cover all core aspects of music perception with regards to their neural correlates. The coverage includes decoding of acoustic information in the auditory brainstem and thalamus; auditory feature extraction (pitch, timbre, roughness, etc.); auditory short term memory; auditory Gestalt perception; processing of musical syntax; processing of musical meaning; music and emotion; effects of music listening on autonomic, hormonal, and immune system activity; effects of music listening on motor processes.
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Book details

Copyright year: 2011
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Limited
Publication date: 4/13/2012
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 322
Size: 7.48" wide x 9.69" long x 0.67" tall
Weight: 1.386

Introductory Chapters
Ear and Hearing
The ear
Auditory brainstem and thalamus
Place and time information
Beats, roughness, consonance and dissonance
Acoustical equivalency of timbre and phoneme
Auditory cortex
Music-theoretical Background
How major keys are related
The basic in-key functions in major
Chord inversions and Neapolitan sixth chords
Secondary dominants and double dominants
Perception of Pitch and Harmony
Context-dependent representation of pitch
The representation of key-relatedness
The developing and changing sense of key
The representation of chord-functions
Hierarchy of harmonic stability
Musical expectancies
Chord sequence paradigms
From Electric Brain Activity to ERPs and ERFs
Electro-encephalography (EEG)
The 10-20 system
Obtaining event-related brain potentials (ERPs)
Magnetoencephalography (MEG)
Forward solution and inverse problem
Comparison between MEG and EEG
ERP Components
Auditory Pl, Nl, P2
Frequency-following response (FFR)
Mismatch negativity
MMN in neonates
MMN and music
ERP-correlates of language processing
Semantic processes: N400
Syntactic processes: (E)LAN and P600
Prosodic processes: Closure Positive Shift
A Brief Historical Account of ERP Studies of Music Processing
The beginnings: Studies with melodic stimuli
Studies with chords
MMN studies
Processing of musical meaning
Processing of musical phrase boundaries
Music and action
Functional Neuroimaging Methods: fMRI and PET
Analysis of fMRI data
Sparse temporal sampling in fMRI
Interleaved silent steady state fMRI
'Activation' vs. 'activity change'
Towards a New Theory of Music Psychology
Music Perception: A Generative Framework
Musical Syntax
What is musical syntax?
Cognitive processes
The early right anterior negativity (ERAN)
The problem of confounding acoustics and possible solutions
Effects of task-relevance
Polyphonic stimuli
Latency of the ERAN
Lateralization of the ERAN
Neuroanatomical correlates
Processing of acoustic vs. music-syntactic irregularities
Interactions between music- and language-syntactic processing
The Syntactic Equivalence Hypothesis
Attention and automaticity
Effects of musical training
Musical Semantics
What is musical semantics?
Extra-musical meaning
Iconic musical meaning
Indexical musical meaning
Excursion: Decoding of intentions during musinc listening
Symbolic musical meaning
Extra-musical meaning and the N400
Intra-musical meaning
Excursion: Posterior temporal cortex and processing of meaning
Intra-musical meaning and the N5
Musicogenic meaning
Musical semantics
Neural correlates
Propositional semantics
Communication vs. expression
Meaning emerging from large-scale relations
Further theoretical accounts
Music and Action
Perception-action mediation
ERP correlates of music production
What are 'musical emotions'?
Emotional responses to music - underlying mechanisms
From social contact to spirituality - The Seven Cs
Emotional responses to music - underlying principles
Musical expectancies and emotional responses
The tension-arch
Limbic and paralimbic correlates of music-evoked emotions
Major-minor and happy-sad music
Music-evoked dopaminergic neural activity
Music and the hippocampus
Parahippocampal gyrus
A network comprising hippocampus, parahippocampal gyrus, and temporal poles
Effects of music on insular and anterior cingulated cortex activity
Electrophysiological effects of music-evoked emotions
Time course of emotion
Salutary effects of music making
Concluding Remarks and Summary
Music and language
The music-language continuum
Summary of the theory
Summary of open questions