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Working Back A Systems View

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ISBN-10: 0470134054

ISBN-13: 9780470134054

Edition: 2008

Authors: William S. Marras

List price: $143.95
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Previous books on the topic focus primarily on what causes low back pain and explains it anatomically. This book will instead focus on how to prevent back pain in the workplace, and inform those most susceptible to it. The book is designed to be appealing to non-researchers. The book is written at a level that should be easily understandable by anyone with a bachelor's degree. While many figures and graphs will be used to enhance understanding of concepts, technical details and equations are used sparingly, and then only when absolutely necessary. Occupational low back pain is an enormous problem resulting in bankruptcy of many American companies, together with a huge social cost to workers…    
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Book details

List price: $143.95
Copyright year: 2008
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated
Publication date: 3/14/2008
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 320
Size: 7.15" wide x 10.25" long x 0.85" tall
Weight: 1.540
Language: English

Audience for the Book
Apolitical Causality Assessment
A Systems View of Low Back Pain Causality
The Reality of Work
How Might the Different Aspects of Work Be Associated with Back Pain
Organization of the Book
Back Pain Magnitude and Potential Risk Factors
What is Back Pain?
How Common is Back Pain?
Back Pain at Work
Epidemiology of Work Risk Factors
Epidemiology of Physical Risk Factors
Epidemiology of Individual (Personal) Risk Factors
Social Class and Psychological Factors
Epidemiology of Work-Related Psychosocial/Organizational Factors
Potential Interaction of Physical and Psychosocial Factors
Key Points
Function, Structure, and Support of the Back
Body Coordinates
Bony Structures of the Spine
The Disc (and the Spinal Joint)
Functional Spinal Unit
Spine Support
Blood Vessels
End Plates and Nutrition
The System
Key Points
The Process of Pain
What is Pain?
Origins of Pain
Pain Transmission
The Pain Process
The Inflammatory Process (Cytokines)
Peripheral Nervous System Sensitization
Neuropathic Pain: The Cytokine Cascade and Nerve Sensitization
Pain Mechanisms of the Central Nervous System
Role of the Environment in Central Sensitization
Implications for Low Back Pain
Nerves at Risk of Sensitization
Tissues at Risk of Sensitization
Disk and Nerve Roots
Facet Joints
Muscular-Based Pain
Lumbar Nerve Roots
Relationship between Tissue Loading and Pain
Key Points
Potential Pathways to Back Pain
Views of Back Pain Causality
A Unifying Model of Low Back Pain Pathways
The Support Structure Disruption Pathways
Support Structure Tolerance
Disc Tolerance Summary
Pain Tolerance
The Muscle Function Disruption Pathway
The Role of Individual Differences in the Pain Pathways
System Feedback
Key Points
The Assessment of Biomechanical Forces Acting on the Low Back
Biomechanical Concepts Applicable to the Back
Load Tolerance
Moments and Levers
External Versus Internal Loading
How can we Modify Internal Spine Loads?
Biomechanical Arrangement of the Musculoskeletal Lever System
Length-Strength Relationship
The Impact of Velocity on Muscle Force
Temporal Relationships
Incorporating Spine Load Reductions into the Work System
Loading of the Lumbar Spine
Spine Load Assessments
Models of Spine Load
Biologically Driven Modeling of Spine Loading
Stability-Driven Spine Loading Models
Predictions of Muscle (Motor) Control within Torso
What Drives Motor Control? The Mental Model
Key Points
The Influence of Physical Work Factors on Muscle Activities and Spine Loads
Industrial Quantitative Surveillance of Physical Exposure
Strength Capacity Assessments of Work Load
Static Analyses of Work Load
Dynamic Analyses of Work Load
Surveillance Conclusions
Spine Loading and Task Performance
Spine Loading and Primary Physical Workplace Factors
Moment Exposure
Role of Trunk Muscle Cocontraction in Spine Loading
Trunk Motion
Nonsagittal Plane Loading
Lateral Motion
Twisting Motion
Task Asymmetry
Lift Height
One-Handed Versus Two-Handed Lifting
Lifting Versus Lowering
Cumulative Exposure
Duration of Exposure to Lifting Tasks
Worker Experience, Task Frequency, and Moment Exposure
Spine Loading Associated with Modification of Physical Workplace Factors
Lifting While Supporting the Body
Team Lifting
Pushing and Pulling
Seated and Constrained Work Postures
Physical Work Factor Summary
Key Points
Psychosocial and Organizational Factor Influence on Spine Loading
Psychosocial and Organizational Interactions
Biomechanical Responses to Psychosocial Environment
Biomechanical Responses to Mental Stress at Work
Key Points
Individual Factors Role in Spine Loading
Key Points
Physical, Individual, and Psychosocial/Organizational Risk Factor Interactions
When Risk Factors Collide
The Magnitude of Influence of the Three Risk Factor Categories
Can Risk Factor Interactions be Predicted?
Key Points
Engineering Controls to Mediate Back Pain at Work: Tools for the Assessment of Physical Factor Impact on Spine Loads and Intervention Effectiveness
Static Strength Prediction Programs
Psychophysical Tolerance Limits
Job Demand Index
NIOSH Lifting Guide and Revised Equation
The 1981 Lifting Guide
The 1993 Revised Equation
Video-Based Biomechanical Models
Lumbar Motion Monitor Risk Assessment
Lifting Threshold Limit Values (TLVs)
Workplace Assessment Comparisons
Key Points
Administrative Controls for the Workplace: Psychosocial and Organizational Interventions
Implementing Psychosocial and Organizational Change
Elements of the Process
Traditional Administrative Controls
Worker Selection
Worker Rotation
Stretching Programs
Back Belts
Key Points
Integrating Risk Interventions into the Workplace
Systems Intervention
Examples of Intervention Effectiveness
Patient Handling Interventions
Types of Physical Interventions
Implementing Both Physical and Psychosocial Interventions
Distribution Center Interventions
Key Points
Understanding Recurrent Low Back Pain and Implications for Return to Work
The Natural History of Low Back Pain Recovery
How can One Quantify the Extent of Low Back Pain?
Impairment Assessment
Effort Sincerity
Spine Loading of those Experiencing Low Back Pain
Can Kinematic Impairment Assessments Predict Changes in Spine Loading?
Lifting Exposure Limits for Workers with LBP
Recurrence of LBP and Work
A Return-to-Work Strategy
Key Points