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What Is This Thing Called Ethics?

ISBN-10: 0415491541

ISBN-13: 9780415491549

Edition: 2010

Authors: Christopher Bennett

List price: $24.99
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Book details

List price: $24.99
Copyright year: 2010
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Group
Publication date: 6/15/2010
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 172
Size: 6.75" wide x 9.50" long x 0.50" tall
Weight: 0.792
Language: English

Acknowledgements
Introduction
What Is Moral Thinking?
What Is Moral Theory?
Why Do We Need Moral Theory?
Is Morality All Relative?
What Should We Look For In A Moral Theory?
The Structure of This Book
Life and Death
Death and the meaning of life
Is Death Bad For The Person Who Dies?
Could Life Be Meaningless?
Hedonism: The Pleasure Principle
Higher Pleasures?
Aristotelianism: Meaning In Activity
Elitism
The Ozymandias Problem
Conclusion
Questions For Discussion
Further Reading
Notes
Which lives count?
Some Questions About Killing
A Strange Suggestion
Human Life as Sacred
Why Think That Human Life is Sacred?
The �Sanctity of Life� in Practical Debates
Criticisms of the Sanctity of Life
Conclusion
Questions For Discussion
Further Reading
Notes
How much can morality require us to do for one another?
Global Poverty: A Radical View
Do Others Have a Right to Our Help?
The Limits of the Duty to Help?
The Radical's Response: Abolishing Duty and Charity
Conclusion
Questions for Discussion
Further Reading
Notes
Three Starting Points in Moral Theory
Utilitarianism
What Utilitarianism Is
Utilitarianism in Practice: Punishing and Promising
Some Further Problems - The Hard Life of a Utilitarian
Towards a Solution: Rule-Utilitarianism
Criticisms of Rule-Utilitarianism
Some Concluding Thoughts About the Nature of Happiness
Conclusion
Questions for Discussion
Further Reading
Notes
Kantian ethics
Human Dignity
What is Wrong with Treating a Person as a Mere Means?
How do We Know That We Are Free?
How to Respect Persons a Rational Agents
Does Kantian Ethics Leave Us Defenceless?
Moral Requirements as Requirements of Rationality
The Categorical Imperative
Universal Law
Criticisms of the Universal Law Procedure
Conclusion
Questions for Discussion
Further Reading
Note
Aristotelian virtue ethics
Motivations for Virtue Ethics
Virtue Ethics: Basic Ideas
The Human Function and the Good Human Being
The Doctrine of the Mean and the Rationality of the Passions
Virtue Ethics and Egoism
Conclusion
Questions for Discussion
Further Reading
Notes
Further Directions for Moral Thinking
Ethics and religion
Does Ethics Need Religion?
What Proof Do We Have of the Existence of God?
The Euthyphro Problem
Orthodoxy, Revelation and Interpretation
Conclusion
Questions for Discussion
Further Reading
Notes
Morality as contract
Hobbes: Morality as Rational Self-Interest
Psychological Egoism
Hobbes and the Justification of Morality
The �Free-Rider� Problem
The Fair Play Social Contract Theory
Kantian Contractualism
Conclusion
Questions for Discussion
Further Reading
Notes
Critiques of morality
Marx on Morality
The Nietzschean Critique
What Should We Think of Marx and Nietzsche?
Morality and Projection
Can Morality Survive Critique?
Conclusion
Questions for Discussion
Further Reading
Note
Conclusion
Glossary of terms
Index