Critical Thinking A Concise Guide

ISBN-10: 0415240174

ISBN-13: 9780415240178

Edition: 2002

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This is a guide to thinking skills and above all to thinking critically for oneself. Through clear discussion, students should learn the skills required to tell a good argument from a bad one.
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Book details

List price: $28.95
Copyright year: 2002
Publisher: Routledge
Publication date: 12/26/2001
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 272
Size: 6.75" wide x 9.50" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.144
Language: English

Christopher Belshaw is a Senior Lecturer in Philosophy and Staff Tutor with the Open University. He works mainly at the theoretical end of applied ethics. He is the author of Ideas (Open University 1998), Environmental Philosophy (Acumen, 2001) and 10 Good Questions About Life and Death (Blackwell, 2005). Another book, Annihilation: The Sense and Significance of Death, is forthcoming.Gary Kemp is Senior Lecturer in the Philosophy Department at the University of Glasgow. He works in the philosophy of logic and language, on Frege, Russell, Quine and Davidson, and on aesthetics and philosophical themes in literature. He is the author of Quine: A Guide for the Perplexed (2005) and, with Tracy Bowell, of Critical Thinking: A Concise Guide (2002, 2005, 2009).

Preface to the first edition
Preface to the second edition
Introduction and preview
Why should we become critical thinkers?
Beginning to think critically
Aspects of meaning
Standard form
Identifying conclusions and premises
Arguments and explanations
Intermediate conclusions
Linguistic phenomena
Logic: deductive validity
The principle of charity
Deductive validity
Conditional propositions
Deductive soundness
The connection to formal logic
Argument trees
Logic: inductive force
Inductive force
'All', 'most' and 'some'
Soft generalisations
Inductive soundness
Probability in the premises
Arguments with multiple probabilistic premises
Inductive force in extended arguments
Conditional probability in the conclusion
Inductive inferences
A programme for assessment
Rhetorical ploys and fallacies
Rhetorical ploys
Further fallacies
The practice of argument-reconstruction
Extraneous material
Defusing the rhetoric
Logical streamlining
Implicit and explicit
Connecting premises
Covering generalisations
Ambiguity and vagueness
More on generalisations
Practical reasoning
Balancing costs, benefits and probabilities
Explanations as conclusions
Causal generalisations
A shortcut
Issues in argument assessment
Rational persuasiveness
Some strategies for logical assessment
Refutation by counterexample
Avoiding the 'who is to say?' criticism
Don't merely label the position
Argument commentary
A complete example
Commentary on the commentary
Truth, knowledge and belief
Truth and relativity
True for me, true for you
Truth, value and morality
Belief, justification and truth
Justification without arguments
Justification failure
Knowledge and rational persuasiveness
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