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Astrophysical Concepts

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ISBN-10: 0387329439

ISBN-13: 9780387329437

Edition: 4th 2006 (Revised)

Authors: Martin Harwit

List price: $99.99
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This classic text, aimed at senior undergraduates and beginning graduate students in physics and astronomy, presents a wide range of astrophysical concepts in sufficient depth to give the reader a quantitative understanding of the subject. Emphasizing physical concepts, the book outlines cosmic events but does not portray them in detail: It provides a series of astrophysical sketches. For this third edition, nearly every part of the text has been reconsidered and rewritten; new sections have been added to cover recent developments, and most of the rest has been revised and brought up to date. The book begins with an outline of the scope of modern astrophysics and the elementary problems…    
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Book details

List price: $99.99
Edition: 4th
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: Springer New York
Publication date: 9/6/2006
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 716
Size: 6.14" wide x 9.25" long x 0.59" tall
Weight: 2.596

Preface to the Fourth Edition
An Approach to Astrophysics
Channels for Astronomical Information
X-Ray Astronomy: Development of a New Field
The Appropriate Set of Physical Laws
The Formation of Stars
The Hertzsprung-Russell and Color-Magnitude Diagrams
The Birth of Low-Mass Stars
Massive Stars
The Late Stages of Stellar Evolution
Abundance of the Chemical Elements in Stars and the Solar System
Origin of the Solar System
The Galaxy and the Local Group
The Formation of Large-Scale Structures
Black Holes
Magnetohydrodynamics and Turbulence
Problems of Life
Unobserved Astronomical Objects
The Cosmic Distance Scale
Size of the Solar System
Trigonometric Parallax
Spectroscopic Parallax
Superposition of Main Sequences
RR Lyrae Variables
Cepheid Variables
Novae and HII Regions
The Tully-Fisher and Faber-Jackson Relations
Distance-Red-Shift Relation
Distances and Velocities
Seeliger's Theorem and Number Counts in Cosmology
Problems Dealing with the Size of Astronomical Objects
Answers to Selected Problems
Dynamics and Masses of Astronomical Bodies
Universal Gravitational Attraction
Ellipses and Conic Sections
Central Force
Two-Body Problem with Attractive Force
Kepler's Laws
Determination of the Gravitational Constant
The Concept of Mass
Inertial Frames of Reference - The Equivalence Principle
Gravitational Red Shift and Time Dilation
Measures of Time
Uses of Pulsar Time
Galactic Rotation
Scattering in an Inverse Square Law Field
Stellar Drag
Virial Theorem
Stability Against Tidal Disruption
Lagrangian Equations
Answers to Selected Problems
Random Processes
Random Events
Random Walk
Distribution Functions, Probabilities, and Mean Values
Projected Length of Randomly Oriented Rods
The Motion of Molecules
Ideal Gas Law
Radiation Kinetics
Isothermal Distributions
Atmospheric Density
Particle Energy Distribution in an Atmosphere
Phase Space
Angular Diameters of Stars
The Spectrum of Light Inside and Outside a Hot Body
Boltzmann Equation and Liouville's Theorem
Fermi-Dirac Statistics
The Saha Equation
Mean Values
The First Law of Thermodynamics
Isothermal and Adiabatic Processes
Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics
Formation of Condensations and the Stability of the Interstellar Medium
Ionized Gases and Clusters of Stars and Galaxies
Answers to Selected Problems
Photons and Fast Particles
The Relativity Principle
Relativistic Terminology
Relative Motion
Aberration of Light
Momentum, Mass, and Energy
The Doppler Effect
Poynting-Robertson Drag on a Grain
Motion Through the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation
Particles at High Energies
High-Energy Collisions
Superluminal Motions and Tachyons
Strong Gravitational Fields
Gravitational Time Delay; Deflection of Light
Gravitational Lenses
An Independent Measure of the Hubble Constant
Orbital Motion Around a Black Hole
Advance of the Perihelion of Mercury
Accretion Disks Around X-ray Binaries
The Smallest Conceivable Volume
The Zeroth Law of Black Hole Dynamics
Entropy and Temperature of a Black Hole
The Third Law of Black Hole Thermodynamics
Radiating Black Holes
Answers to Selected Problems
Electromagnetic Processes in Space
Coulomb's Law and Dielectric Displacement
Cosmic Magnetic Fields
Ohm's Law and Dissipation
Magnetic Acceleration of Particles
Ampere's Law and the Relation Between Cosmic Currents and Magnetic Fields
Magnetic Mirrors, Magnetic Bottles, and Cosmic-Ray Particles
Maxwell's Equations
The Wave Equation
Phase and Group Velocity
Energy Density, Pressure, and the Poynting Vector
Propagation of Waves Through a Tenuous Ionized Medium
Faraday Rotation
Light Emission by Slowly Moving Charges
Gravitational Radiation
Light Scattering by Unbound Charges
Scattering by Bound Charges
Extinction by Interstellar Grains
Absorption and Emission of Radiation by a Plasma
Radiation from Thermal Radio Sources
Synchrotron Radiation
The Synchrotron Radiation Spectrum
The Compton Effect and Inverse Compton Effect
The Sunyaev-Zel'dovich Effect
The Cherenkov Effect
The Angular Distribution of Light from the Sky
Answers to Selected Problems
Quantum Processes in Astrophysics
Absorption and Emission of Radiation by Atomic Systems
Quantization of Atomic Systems
Atomic Hydrogen and Hydrogenlike Spectra
Spectra of Ionized Hydrogen
Hydrogen Molecules
Selection Rules
The Information Contained in Spectral Lines
Absorption and Emission Line Profile
Quantum Mechanical Transition Probabilities
Blackbody Radiation
Stimulated Emission and Cosmic Masers
Stellar Opacity
Chemical Composition of Stellar Atmospheres - The Radiative Transfer Problem
A Gravitational Quantum Effect
Answers to Selected Problems
Sources of Stellar Energy
Requirements Imposed on Stellar Models
Mathematical Formulation of the Theory
Relaxation Times
Equation of State
Opacity Inside a Star
Convective Transfer
Nuclear Reaction Rates
Particles and Basic Particle Interactions
Energy-Generating Processes in Stars
Compact Stars
White Dwarf Stars
Stellar Evolution and The Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram
Supernovae, Neutron Stars, and Black Holes
Pulsars, Magnetars, and Plerions
Hypernovae and Gamma-Ray Bursts
Vibration and Rotation of Stars
Solar Neutrino Observations
Additional Problems
Answers to Selected Problems
Cosmic Gas and Dust
Stromgren Spheres
Pressure Propagation and the Speed of Sound
Shock Fronts and Ionization Fronts
Gamma-Ray Bursts, GRB
Origin of Cosmic Magnetic Fields
Dynamo Amplification of Magnetic Fields
Cosmic-Ray Particles in the Interstellar Medium
Formation of Molecules and Grains
Formation of Molecular Hydrogen, H[subscript 2]
Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons
Infrared Emission from Galactic Sources
Orientation of Interstellar Grains
Acoustic Damping and The Barnett Effect
Stability of Isothermal Gas Spheres
The Nature of Dark Matter
Additional Problems
Answers to Selected Problems
Formation of Stars and Planetary Systems
Star Formation
Gravitational Condensation of Matter
Jeans Criterion
Hydrostatics of Gaseous Clouds
Magnetic Reconnection
Ambipolar Diffusion
Triggered Collapse
Energy Dissipation
Cooling of Dense Clouds by Grain Radiation
Condensation in the Early Solar Nebula
The Evidence Provided by Meteorites
Nascent Planetary Disks
Formation of Primitive Condensates in the Early Solar Nebula
Formation of Planetesimals
Condensation in the Primeval Solar Nebula
Answers to Selected Problems
The Universe We Inhabit
Questions About the Universe
Isotropy and Homogeneity of the Universe
Cosmological Principle
Homogeneous Isotropic Models of the Universe
Olbers's Paradox
Measuring the Geometric Properties of the Universe
Angular Diameters and Number Counts
The Flux from Distant Supernovae
Magnitudes and Angular Diameters of Galaxies
Dynamics on a Cosmic Scale
Einstein's Field Equations
The Density Parameter[Omega]
Some Simple Models of the Universe
Self-Regenerating Universes
Horizon of a Universe
Topology of the Universe
Do the Fundamental Constants of Nature Change with Time?
The Flow of Time
Branes and Compact Dimensions
Answers to Selected Problems
An Astrophysical History of the Universe
The Isotropy Problem
The Flatness Problem
Where Did the Microwave Background Radiation Originate
Looking Back in Time
The Planck Era
Inflationary Cosmological Models
The Post-Inflationary Stage
The Riemann Curvature Constant
Quark-Gluon Plasma
The Origin of Baryonic Mass
Leptons and Antileptons
The Matter-Antimatter Asymmetry
Early Element Formation
The Entropy of the Universe
A More Precise Extrapolation Back in Time
The First 400,000 Years
Last Impact and Decoupling of Matter from Radiation
Observational Evidence
Answers to Selected Problems
The Formation of Cosmic Structures
The Inhomogeneous Universe
Primordial Seeds
The Seeds of Structure
Evolution of Inhomogeneities
The Coupling of Radiation and Matter
Cooling of Gas After Decoupling
Photon Drag
Oscillations Around the Decoupling Era
The Jeans Criterion
Condensation on Superhorizon Scales
A Swiss-Cheese Model
Birkhoff's Theorem and "Why Galaxies Don't Expand"
Curvature Fluctuations
Primordial Collapse and the Density Parameter[Omega subscript 0]
Inhomogeneities in the Microwave Background Radiation
The Microwave Background Temperature Fluctuations
The Three-Dimensional Power Spectrum of Galaxies and Clusters
The Observed Imprint of Oscillations
Oscillations and Fundamental Cosmological Parameters
The Rees-Sciama Effect
Formation of the Largest Structures
Press-Schechter Condensation
The Internal Structure of Dark Matter haloes
Protogalactic Cooling
Formation of the First Stars
Population III Stars
The Gunn-Peterson Effect
Quasar Stromgren Spheres
Formation of Supermassive Black Holes
Accretion Disks Around Supermassive Black Holes
The Masses of Galaxy Bulges and Central Black Holes
Growth Through Merging
Chemical Evolution of Galaxies and the Intracluster Medium
Formation of Our Own Galaxy
Radioactive Dating
Answers to Selected Problems
Life in the Universe
Thermodynamics of Biological Systems
Organic Molecules in Nature and in the Laboratory
Origins of Life on Earth
The Chemical Basis of Terrestrial Life
Laboratory Syntheses
Higher Organisms and Intelligence
Communication and Space Travel
Answer to a Selected Problem
Astronomical Terminology
Astrophysical Constants