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Doing a Literature Review in Health and Social Care A Practical Guide

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ISBN-10: 0335238858

ISBN-13: 9780335238859

Edition: 2nd 2010

Authors: Helen Aveyard

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Book details

Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2010
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education
Publication date: 5/1/2010
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 184
Size: 5.00" wide x 8.00" long x 0.25" tall
Weight: 0.550
Language: English

Helen Aveyard is a senior lecturer at Oxford Brookes University, UK and author of the bestselling book "Doing a Literature Review in Health and Social Care" (Open University Press, 2007).Pam Sharp is a senior lecturer at Oxford Brookes University, UK. She runs an undergraduate evidence based practice module and has a particular interest in practice education and mentoring.

Introduction
Why do a literature review in health and social care?
What is a literature review?
Why are literature reviews important?
Literature reviews present the whole jigsaw
Analysis of many papers can lead to new discoveries
The importance of a comprehensive or systematic approach
Why is there so much available information?
Evidence-based practice
Why does one piece of research often contradict another?
The importance of a systematic approach to the literature review
The systematic review
Less detailed systematic reviews
Narrative reviews
Why you should be doing a 'systematic' rather than a 'narrative' review
The literature review as a research methodology
Can I undertake a literature review for my dissertation?
In summary
Key points
How do I develop a research question?
The importance of a research question
Identify a research topic
How do I begin to select a good topic?
Identify a research question
Hints for writing a good research question
Refining the research question
Remind yourself (often) of your question
Use of theory and a theoretical framework
Reconsideration of your research question
Writing up the development of your research question
Tips for writing up the development of your research question
In summary
Key points
What literature will be relevant to my literature review?
Types of research you are likely to encounter
Systematic literature reviews
Quantitative research
Types of quantitative research
Qualitative studies
Types of qualitative research
The merits of quantitative and qualitative research
The use of secondary sources
What does the term 'hierarchy of evidence' mean?
Why do some literature reviews include predominantly RCTs?
Does the 'hierarchy of evidence' apply to my literature review?
Identifying your own hierarchy of evidence in your review
Should I always focus my search on research findings?
In summary
Key points
How do I search for literature?
Developing a systematic approach to searching for literature
Identify the literature that will address your review question
Inclusion and exclusion criteria
Carrying out your search strategy
Electronic searching
Recording your searching strategy
Additional methods of identifying relevant articles
Use of abstracts to confirm the relevance of the paper
Getting hold of your references
Managing your references
Strengths and limitations of your searching strategy
Tips for writing up your search strategy
In summary
Key points
How do I critically appraise the literature?
Getting to know your literature
The importance of critical appraisal
What is critical appraisal?
Do I need to critically appraise all the literature I include in my review?
Getting started with critical appraisal
Identifying research, theoretical, practice and policy papers
Critical appraisal tools
Which appraisal tool should I use?
Critical appraisal for new researchers
Critical appraisal of theory
Critical appraisal of research
Critical appraisal of review articles
Dealing with existing literature reviews in your review
How should we critique quantitative studies?
Additional resources for critical appraisal
Critical appraisal of qualitative studies
How should we critique qualitative research?
Critical appraisal tools for qualitative studies
Critical appraisal of practice literature
Critical appraisal of policy and guidelines
An approach to evaluating information contained on websites
Now I have critically appraised all my literature - what next?
Tips for doing your critique of the literature
In summary
Key points
How do I synthesize my findings?
Combining the evidence
Three 'advanced' approaches for summing up the literature
Meta-analysis
Meta-ethnography
Meta-study
A simplified approach
Providing a summary of your information
Comparing and contrasting the results of each study
Working with codes and themes that do not support each other
Discussion of the strength of evidence
Be aware of results that appear too neat
Be creative!
Writing up your results
Writing your critical appraisal of each paper
Telling a story with your data
Incorporating your critical appraisal
What do I do if I cannot really answer my research question?
Tips for writing up your synthesis of the literature
In summary
Key points
How do I discuss my findings and make recommendations?
Statement of findings
Strengths and limitations of your study
Discussion of unanswered questions and future research
Tips for writing up your discussion section
Key points
How do I present my literature review? And other key questions
A suggested structure
Top tips for writing up your literature review
Key points in presenting your literature review
Commonly asked questions
What is the difference between a dissertation and an essay?
How should I structure my work?
Should I use first or third person?
How should I use references?
How do I avoid plagiarism and misrepresentation?
What is the role of my supervisor?
Glossary
References
Index