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Black and White Photography

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ISBN-10: 0314024603

ISBN-13: 9780314024602

Edition: 1st 1994

Authors: Glenn M. Rand, David R. Litschel, Jucha

List price: $28.25
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Description:

This text is intended for all beginning photography courses. It covers both basic and advanced black and white topics. Coverage of advanced topics, such as the zone system, make this text appropriate for advanced black and white courses. The authors take a contemporary approach to teaching photography by presenting samples of great photography throughout the book. Students gain a greater understanding of the art of photography by studying quality work. The text has more pedagogy because it was written as a college text rather than as a trade book.
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Book details

List price: $28.25
Edition: 1st
Copyright year: 1994
Publisher: West Publishing Company, College & School Division
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 300
Size: 8.50" wide x 11.00" long x 0.50" tall
Weight: 1.936

David Litschel is a photographer, teacher, and writer. He received an MFA degree from the University of Michigan and a BFA degree from the University of Colorado. With 20 years of experience teaching photography, he is currently Academic Dean at Brooks Institute of Photography, California. His photographs and writings have appeared in numerous publications, and he has exhibited internationally.

Prefacep. xi
Camerasp. 3
Viewfinder Camerap. 8
Rangefinder Camerap. 10
Single-Lens Reflex Camerap. 13
Twin-Lens Reflex Camerap. 23
View Camerap. 24
Non-Traditional Camerasp. 24
Panorama and Circuit Camerasp. 24
Pinhole Camerasp. 24
Plastic Lens Camerasp. 24
Camera Supportp. 26
Shutter Release Devicesp. 27
The Lensp. 29
Focal Lengthp. 34
F-Stopsp. 36
Aperturep. 36
Lens Speedp. 39
Inverse Square Lawp. 41
Depth of Fieldp. 42
Controlling Depth of Fieldp. 42
Determining Depth of Fieldp. 45
Focusing for Maximum Depth of Fieldp. 46
Using Depth of Fieldp. 48
Perspectivep. 48
Wide-Angle Distortionp. 48
Telephoto Effectp. 48
Lens Hoodp. 48
Filmp. 51
Film Exposurep. 52
Film Choicesp. 53
Speedp. 53
Graininessp. 54
Other Basic Characteristicsp. 54
Film Constructionp. 56
Emulsionp. 56
Support, Adhesives, and Coatingsp. 58
Chromogenic Black-and-White Filmp. 61
Polaroidp. 61
Black-and-White Transparenciesp. 61
Exposurep. 63
Nonmetered Exposurep. 64
Metered Exposurep. 66
Light Metersp. 68
Through-the-Lens and Handheld Metersp. 68
Incident- and Reflected-Light Metersp. 69
Reflected-Light Meteringp. 70
Averaging Metersp. 70
Average Value Meteringp. 71
Substitution Meteringp. 74
Incident-Light Metering Methodsp. 76
Equivalent Exposuresp. 79
Law of Reciprocityp. 79
Film Processingp. 81
The Basicsp. 82
Developingp. 84
Darkrooms and Developing Tanksp. 84
Chemicalsp. 87
Timingp. 88
Temperaturep. 88
Loading and Agitation Techniquesp. 89
Replenisherp. 90
Stoppingp. 90
Fixingp. 91
Washingp. 93
Dryingp. 94
Storingp. 95
Chromogenic Processingp. 96
Reversal Processingp. 96
Printingp. 99
The Darkroomp. 100
The Dry Areap. 102
The Wet Areap. 104
Chemicals and Processing Stepsp. 106
Developingp. 109
Stoppingp. 109
Fixing and Inspectionp. 109
Hypo Clearingp. 110
Final Washingp. 110
Dryingp. 110
Papersp. 112
Graded Papersp. 112
Multicontrast Papersp. 114
Contact Sheetsp. 117
Proof Printsp. 120
Dodging and Burningp. 121
Finishingp. 125
Spotting Printsp. 127
Correcting Surface Blemishesp. 128
Retouching Negativesp. 128
Placing Prints on a Presentation Boardp. 130
Mounting Boardsp. 130
Optical Centeringp. 131
Dry Mountingp. 133
Other Mounting Systemsp. 136
Overmattingp. 137
Composition and Communicationp. 141
Compositionp. 142
Principles of Compositionp. 142
Design Elementsp. 149
Communicationp. 153
Perceptionp. 153
Symbolsp. 157
Light, Lighting, and Filtersp. 159
Definition of Lightp. 161
Quality of Lightp. 162
Types of Lightp. 166
Natural Lightp. 166
Continuous Lightp. 170
Electronic Flashp. 172
Exposure with Flashp. 176
Filtersp. 177
Absorption Filtersp. 177
Interference Filtersp. 182
Special Effects Filtersp. 184
Filter Factorp. 184
Advanced Printingp. 187
Multiple-Filter Printingp. 188
Contrast Reductionp. 190
Contrast Increasep. 192
Split Developers and Water Bath Developmentp. 194
Enlarger Effectsp. 196
Manipulative Techniquesp. 199
Methods of Manipulating Photographsp. 200
Direct Processesp. 200
Photogramsp. 200
Multiple Exposurep. 202
Sandwiched Negativesp. 206
Sabattierp. 209
Intermediate Processesp. 209
Negative Printingp. 209
High Contrastp. 210
Bas Reliefp. 210
Tone Linep. 211
Posterizationp. 211
The View Camerap. 215
View Camera Partsp. 216
View Camera Typesp. 219
View Camera Advantages and Disadvantagesp. 220
View Camera Setupp. 220
View Camera Lens and Shutterp. 222
View Camera Filmp. 224
View Camera Film Holdersp. 225
Sheet Film Holdersp. 225
Instant Film Holdersp. 227
Factory-Loaded Film Holdersp. 228
View Camera Movementsp. 230
Rise-Fallp. 230
Shiftp. 231
Tiltp. 231
Swingp. 231
Control of the Plane of Focus for Overall Image Sharpnessp. 232
Parallel planesp. 232
Scheimpflugp. 233
Control of the Rear Standard for Subject Size Relationshipp. 234
Bellows Compensation and the Inverse Square Lawp. 236
Sheet Film Processingp. 239
Dip-and-Dunk Processingp. 239
Tray Processingp. 241
Rotary Tube Processingp. 242
Advanced Control of Filmp. 245
Dodging Exposurep. 246
Flashing Filmp. 247
Film Characteristic Curvesp. 247
Creation of the Curvep. 248
Parts of the Curvep. 249
Film Speed Testingp. 252
Exposure-Processing Controlp. 256
Development Controlp. 259
Zone Placementp. 262
The Zone Systemp. 267
Previsualizationp. 268
Back to the Zone Systemp. 270
Print Valuesp. 271
Texture and Detailp. 271
Calculating the Systemp. 273
N+ Developmentp. 276
The Effect of N+1 Developmentp. 276
The Effect of N+2 Developmentp. 276
N-Developmentp. 277
The Effect of N-1 Developmentp. 277
The Effect of N-2 Developmentp. 277
Digital Imagingp. 279
Digital Capturep. 280
Very large Printsp. 284
Digital Image Processingp. 284
Digital Outputsp. 286
Uses for Digital Imagingp. 289
Exhibition, Portfolio, and Reproductionp. 293
Exhibitionp. 294
Print Sizep. 294
Consistencyp. 296
Sizep. 297
Exhibition Lightingp. 301
Print Finishingp. 301
Portfoliop. 305
Reproductionp. 307
Milestones in the History of Photographyp. 309
Photographersp. 319
Glossaryp. 321
Indexp. 333
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.