Author Orhan Pamuk was born in Istanbul, Turkey on June 7, 1952. After graduating from Robert College in Istanbul, he studied architecture at the Istanbul Technical University. After three years, he decided to become a writer and graduated from the Institute of Journalism at the University of Istanbul in 1976. In 1982, he published his first novel Cevdet Bey and His Sons, which received both the Orhan Kemal and Milliyet literary prizes. His novel, My Name Is Red, won the French Prix Du Meilleur Livre Etranger, the 2002 Italian Grinzane Cavour, and the 2003 International IMPAC Dublin literary award. He has received numerous Turkish and international literary awards for his works including the 2006 Nobel Prize in Literature. He has spent almost his entire life in Istanbul. From 1985 to 1988, he was a visiting scholar at Columbia University in New York City. During this time, he also had a fellowship at the University of Iowa.