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European Prehistory A Survey

ISBN-10: 0306472570

ISBN-13: 9780306472572

Edition: 2002

Authors: Sarunas Milisauskas

List price: $124.00
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Description:

The study of European archaeology dates back to the 19th century, but the number of archaeologists, projects, and publications has increased greatly during the last three decades. With the collapse of the Soviet Union and the restructuring of several countries, archaeology in Europe has more opportunity for interaction and research than previously was possible. This comprehensive volume covers the Prehistoric period in Europe, from the earliest appearance of humans to the rise of the Roman Empire and includes the Paleolithic, Mesolithic Bronze and Iron Ages. Throughout these periods, the major developments and explored using the archaeological data including: technology; trade; settlement; warfare; ritual. Using methodologies and theories that were previously unknown in Europe decades ago, new discoveries and arguments are included in the research as well as reevaluations of previous discoveries. This work also includes a present geographical summary and how it impacts the current archaeological discoveries and research being conducted. European Prehistory: A Survey includes many comprehensive maps and site photos. It will be a vital resource to prehistoric archaeologists, anthropologists and historians in and outside of Europe.
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Book details

List price: $124.00
Copyright year: 2002
Publisher: Springer
Publication date: 6/30/2002
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 450
Size: 6.50" wide x 9.75" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 1.936
Language: English

Sarunas Milisauskas is a professor in the Anthropology Department of the State University of New York, Buffalo.

Introduction
The Present Environment, A Geographic Summary
Introduction
Topography
Climates
Biogeography
Some Implications For Human Occupants
The Lower and Middle Palaeolithic
Ice Age Europe: Chronology and Environment
The Geological Record
The Deep Sea Record
Archaeology
The Early Europeans: The Biological Record
The First Europeans: Homo Erectus
Later Forms and the Emergence of Neanderthals
Sites and Findspots: The Archaeological Record
The Lower Palaeolithic
Spotlight on Two Sites
Bilzingsleben
Terra Amata
Lower Palaeolithic Stone Tools and Technology
Use of Other Materials in the Lower Palaeolithic
Lower Palaeolithic Subsistence and Behavior
The Middle Palaeolithic
Spotlight on Two Sites
La Borde
Salzgitter-Lebenstedt
Middle Palaeolithic Stone Tools and Technology
Use of Other Materials in the Middle Palaeolithic
Middle Palaeolithic Subsistence
Scavenging or Hunting?
Food Procurement and Processing
The Question of Cannibalism
Middle Palaeolithic Site Organization and Settlement Patterns
Middle Palaeolithic Movement and Exchange
Burials, Rituals, and Art in the Middle Palaeolithic
The Upper Palaeolithic
The Transition to the Upper Palaeolithic
Introduction
A Simple Version of the Transition to the Upper Palaeolithic
The Skeletal Evidence
The DNA Evidence
The Archaeological Evidence
The Aurignacian
Other European Archaeological Evidence
Summary of the Transition to the Upper Palaeolithic
Early Upper Palaeolithic Subsistence
Early Upper Palaeolithic Settlement and Exchange
The Developed Early Upper Palaeolithic: The Gravettian
Spotlight on a Gravettian Site: Pavlov I
Gravettian Technology
Gravettian Subsistence
Gravettian Settlement
Gravettian Exchange
Gravettian Art and Ornaments
Gravettian Burials
Europe During the Last Glacial Maximum
Western Europe: The Solutrean
Spotlight on a Solutrean Site: Solutre
Solutrean Subsistence
Solutrean Regional Interaction
Solutrean Art, Ornaments, and Ritual
Southern and Southeastern Europe: The Epigravettian
Responses to the Glacial Maximum
The Late Glacial Period
Western Europe: The Magdalenian
Spotlight on a Magdalenian Site: Verberie
Magdalenian Subsistence Economies
Magdalenian Settlement and Migration
Magdalenian Exchange
Magdalenian Portable Art
Magdalenian Cave Art
Magdalenian Ritual and Sanctuaries
Magdalenian Burials
Complexity in the Magdalenian of the Southwest
Southern Europe
Eastern Europe
Spotlight on a Site: Mezhirich
Complexity on the Russian Plain
Northern Europe
Summary of the Upper Palaeolithic
The Mesolithic
Introduction
Postglacial Environmental Changes
The Archaeological Record
The Early Mesolithic (10,300--8000/7500 BP)
Early Mesolithic Technology
Spotlight on a Site: Svaerdborg II
Early Mesolithic Subsistence
Early Mesolithic Settlement
Early Mesolithic Exchange
Early Mesolithic Burials
Early Mesolithic Art and Ornaments
Early Mesolithic Summary
The Late Mesolithic
Late Mesolithic Technology
Spotlight on a Site: Vaenget Nord
Spotlight of a Very Different Site: Lepenski Vir
Late Mesolithic Subsistence
Late Mesolithic Settlement
Late Mesolithic Exchange
Late Mesolithic Art and Ornaments
Late Mesolithic Burials
Summary of the Mesolithic
Early Neolithic, The First Farmers in Europe, 7000-5500/5000 BC
Introduction
Early Neolithic Society
The Origins and Spread of Farming in Europe
The Problem of a Prepottery Neolithic in Europe
The Transition to Farming in Central Europe
The Earliest Farmers in the Alpine Zone
The Transition to Farming Along the Atlantic Coast of Europe
Relationship of Farmers to Hunters and Gatherers
Subsistence Strategies
Central Europe: The Linear Pottery Culture
Exchange
Settlement Organization--Household, Individual Settlement and Regional Settlement System
Economic Specialization By Early Neolithic Settlements and Individuals
Population
Warfare
Social Status: Mortuary Evidence
Mortality, Longevity, Sex Ratios, and Population Composition
Sociopolitical Organization
Rituals and Beliefs
Conclusion
Middle Neolithic, Continuity, Diversity, Innovations, and Greater Complexity, 5500/5000-3500/3000 BC
Introduction
Chronology and Cultural Sequence
Transition to Farming in the British Isles
The Transition to Farming in the Circum-Baltic Region
Innovations
Milk and Cheese Production
Riding and the Domestication of Horses
Wool Production
The Appearance of Wheeled Vehicles
Ards and Plows
Beginnings of Metallurgy
Subsistence Systems
Alpine Region
Salt Production
Tracks and Roads
Flint Mining
Exchange
Settlement
Cups, Beakers and Drinking
Megalithic Monuments
Warfare
The Problem of Writing and Record Keeping
The Origin of Complex Societies
Gender Differentiation
Mortality, Longevity, Sex Ratios, and Population Composition
The Iceman or Otzi
Conclusion
Late Neolithic, Crises, Collapse, New Ideologies, and Economies, 3500/3000-2200/2000 BC
Introduction
Chronology and Cultural Sequence
Subsistence Strategies
Settlement Organization
Warfare
Ritual and Social Organization
Ranked Societies
The Origin and Dispersal of the Indo-European Speaking Populations
Conclusion
The Bronze Age
Introduction
Chronology
Life and Death
Settlement Organization
Mortuary Data
Economic Life
Trade and Industry
Metals and Metallurgy
Raw Materials and Extraction
Production and Movement of Metal Goods
Craft Production
Wood, Bone and Antler
Salt
Textiles
Glass and Faience
Transport
Land Transport
Water Transport
Warfare
Religion and Ritual
Individual and Society
The Wider Scene: Territory and Landscape
Complex Societies in the Aegean
The Iron Age
The Idea of the Iron Age
Chronology
Economy
Trade
Warfare
Rise of Economic and Political Centers
La Tene and Other New Styles
Migration and Change
Contacts With Literate Societies
Linguistic and Ethnic Groups
Origins of Urbanism
Ritual
The Roman Conquest
Conclusion
References
Index