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Earth Machine The Science of a Dynamic Planet

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ISBN-10: 0231125798

ISBN-13: 9780231125796

Edition: 2004

Authors: Edmond A. Mathez, James D. Webster

List price: $32.95
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Description:

Mathez and Webster tell the story of how the Earth works, through a tour of the planet's 4.6 billion year history. From the origins of the planet onwards, this book traverses geologic time and illustrates how the physical and environmental systems have developed.
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Book details

List price: $32.95
Copyright year: 2004
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Publication date: 5/8/2007
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 378
Size: 6.97" wide x 9.92" long x 0.83" tall
Weight: 2.288
Language: English

Ken Croswell earned a PhD in astronomy at Harvard University. He is the author of several critically acclaimed books, including See the Stars: Your First Guide to the Night Sky published by Boyds Mills Press. His books for adults include The Alchemy of the Heavens, a Los Angeles Times Book Prize finalist; Planet Quest, a New Scientist bestseller and a New York Times Notable Book of the Year; and Magnificent Universe, a New Scientist bestseller. He has written numerous articles about astronomy for Highlights for Children, the New York Times, Astronomy, Sky & Telescope, and New Scientist. He lives in Berkeley, California.

Edmond A. Mathez is curator of petrology in the Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences at the American Museum of Natural History and was chief curator of the Hall of Planet Earth. He is the editor of Earth: Inside and Outand The Encyclopedia of Gemstones and Minerals.James D. Webster is curator of mineral deposits in the Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences at the American Museum of Natural History and was associate curator of the Hall of Planet Earth.

Preface
How Has Earth Evolved?
The Birth of Planet Earth
From Meteorites to Earth
The Formation of the Moon
Early Earth Organizes Itself
The Emergence of an Atmosphere and an Ocean
Learning the Age of Earth
The Seeds of Doubt
The Emergence of the Revolutionary Concept of an Old Earth
Radioactivity and the Age of Earth
The Evolution of the Continents
Earth: The Only Planet with a Continental Crust
The Continents and Continental Crust
The First Continental Crust
The Assembly of the Continents
Life and Conditions on Early Earth
Ancient Microbes
Banded Iron Formations and Oxygenation of the Atmosphere and Ocean
A Warm Early Earth?
The Appearance of Animals and Explosion of Life in the Cambrian
Reading Rocks: The Story of the Grand Canyon
How Sedimentary Rocks Describe Ancient Environments
Evidence of Missing Rock
How Old Is the Grand Canyon?
Why Are There Ocean Basins, Continents, and Mountains?
Internal Earth
The Core
The Magnetic Field
Convection in the Core and Origin of the Geomagnetic Field
Earth's Internal Heat
The Mantle
Convection in the Mantle
Plate Tectonics
Continental Drift: An Idea Proposed Before Its Time
Wegener's Theory of Continental Drift
From Continental Drift to Plate Tectonics
Plate Boundaries: Where the Action Is
Plate Motions and Continental Reconstruction
Lavas from the Depths of Earth
Hawaii
Kilauea Volcano
Volcanoes of the Mid-Ocean Ridges
Great Lava Floods and the Columbia River Basalts
Great Explosive Volcanoes
The Nature of Explosive Volcanism
How Gases Drive Explosive Eruptions
Vesuvius: The Anatomy of an Explosive Eruption
Tambora: Volcanoes and Climate Change
Krakatau: An Explosion that Reverberated Around the World
Great Prehistoric Eruptions
Granite
Earthquakes
Why Do Earthquakes Occur?
How Earthquakes Are Measured
How Earthquakes Destroy
Fault Behavior and Calculating the Odds
Short-term Prediction
The San Andreas Fault Zone, California
The Great Alaska Earthquake
Mountains
The Shape of Earth and Why Mountains Are High
The Importance of Erosion
The Folding of Rocks
The Metamorphism of Rocks
The Alps
The Beginnings of Alpine Research
The Formation and Structure of the Alps
What Causes Earth's Climate and Climate Change?
The Atmosphere
The Structure of the Atmosphere
Global Atmospheric Circulation
Greenhouse Earth: The Troposphere Story
Ozone: The Stratosphere Story
The Importance of Clouds
The World Ocean
The Important Properties of Water
Why Is the Ocean Salty?
The Global Ocean Conveyor System
Ocean Surface Currents
Upwelling and Downwelling
El Nino and La Nina
The Geological Record of Climate Change
Climate Forcing Factors
The Climate Record in Greenland Ice
Some Other Indicators of Past Climate
The Ice Age
Why Is Earth Habitable?
Conditions for Life
Water: The Essential Ingredient
The Carbon Cycle
Earth, Venus, and Mars
Earth's Intangible Shields
Black Smokers from the Deep
How Hydrothermal Vent Fields Form
Life at Hydrothermal Vents
Did Life Originate in Deep-Sea Vents?
Heat and Water: What Goes In, and What Goes Out
Some Natural Resources and How They Form
What Salt, Gold, and Coal Have in Common
Ore Deposits from Hot Water
An Ancient Analogue of Black Smokers
Ore Deposits from Magmas
Notes
Glossary
Bibliography
Index