National Security for a New Era:

ISBN-10: 0205941222

ISBN-13: 9780205941223

Edition: 2013

Authors: Donald M Snow

List price: $84.60
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Analyzes the history, evolution, and processes of national security policies This text examines national security from two fundamental fault lines–the end of the Cold War and the 9/11 terrorist attacks–and considers how the resulting era of globalization and geopolitics guides policy. Placing this trend in conceptual and historical context and following it through military, semi-military, and non-military concerns, National Security in a New Era treats its subject as a nuanced and subtle phenomenon that encompasses everything from the nation to the individual. This text is available in a variety of formats – print and digital. Check your favorite digital provider for your eText, including CourseSmart, Kindle, Nook, and more. Learning Goals Upon completing this book, readers will be able to: Understand the history and underlying concepts of American national security Comprehend the critical importance of the Cold War and post-Cold War developments on current national security policy Describe the processes of how national security policy is made and influenced NOTE: MySearchLab does not come automatically packaged with this text. To purchase MySearchLab, please visit or you can purchase a ValuePack of the text + MySearchLab: ValuePack ISBN-10: 0205962858 / ValuePack ISBN-13: 9780205962853
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Book details

List price: $84.60
Copyright year: 2013
Publisher: Pearson College Div
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 416
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.00" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.606
Language: English

The Conceptual Nexus
National Security for a New and Changing Era
Sources of Change
The International Dimension
The Domestic Dimension
Why Entitlement and Defense Cuts?
The Intermestic Intersection
Challenge! Is a Reduced Commitment to National Security Acceptable?
Conclusions: The Way Forward
Study/Discussion Questions
Selected Bibliography
The Concepts and Logic of National Security
Thinking about Security
Military and Nonmilitary Elements of Security
Levels of Security
Risk and Risk Management
What Should the United States Do About North Korea?
Thinking About Interests
Levels of Interest
Vital and Less-Than-Vital Interests and Afghanistan
Security and Interests in the Contemporary Environment
Power and the Instruments of Power
Instruments of Power
Power and Security
The Realist Paradigm
Basic Concepts and Relationships
Paradigm Implications
Critiques and Anomalies of the Realist Paradigm
Challenge! The Realist Paradigm and Contemporary American Politics
Conclusions: Realism and the Realist Paradigm
Study/Discussion Questions
Selected Bibliography
The Historical Context
Influences from the Past: The American Historical Experience
Conditioning Factors in the American Tradition
American Ahistoricism
Accident of Geography
Dealing with Dependence on Persian Gulf Oil
The Anglo-Saxon Heritage
Evolution of the American Experience
The Formative Period, 1789-1945
Antimilitary Bias
The Citizen-Soldier
The Myth of Invincibility
Mobilization and Demobilization
Readiness and Pearl Harbor
Total War Preference
The Cold War, 1945-1989
The Role of the Media
The Impact of Democratic Institutions
Professionalism in the Military
Challenge! Military Future Force Challenges in a Constrained World
Conclusion: The Contemporary Period, 1989 to Present
Study/Discussion Questions
Selected Bibliography
The Post-1945 Challenge: The Nature and End of the Cold War
The Cold War System
Better Red than Dead? Better Dead than Red?
Sources of Change
Forms of Military Competition
Conventional Forces
Nuclear Forces
The Capitalist Bomb
Deadlock of the Competition
The Economic Dimension
The Military Dimension
Cold War Residues
Russian Evolution
Russian Resurgence
Challenge! What Kind of Russia?
Conclusions: The Legacy End of the Cold War
Study/Discussion Questions
Selected Bibliography
Moving to the Present: The Post-Cold War World
The First Fault Line: The World After the Cold War
Undeniable Benefits
The End of the Cold War and the U.S. Military
Debatable Changes
The Second Fault Line: The World After September 11
The Rules of War: Who Is a ROW?
Toward the New International System?
Paradigm Choices
The American Role in the New World System
The Post-9/11 Era?
Conclusion: The Continuing Role of Force
Challenge! Military Responses to Iran?
Study/Discussion Questions
Selected Bibliography
Intermestic Environments and Change
The Domestic Environment
Extremism in the Defense of Liberty?
The Historical Domestic Context
The Structure of Domestic Politics
The Executive Branch
The President, the Constitution, and National Security
The Interagency Process
The Congress
The Congress, the Constitution, and National Security
The Committee System
Challenges to Committee Dominance
Institutional Responses to National Security Challenges: War Powers and Homeland Security
The Problem of War Powers
The Context of the WPR of October 1973
Content of the WPR
Status of the WPR
Homeland Security
Challenge! The United States in Libya
Background and Evolution of the Problem
The Homeland Security Response to September 11
Ongoing Problems and Controversies
Conclusion: The Contemporary Environment
Study/Discussion Questions
Selected Bibliography
Domestic Battlegrounds and National Security
The Political Battleground
The Predictable Failure of the Super Committee
The National Security Entrapment
National Security and Domestic Politics
Defense Budgeting
The Erosion of National Security Sanctity
Parameters of the Budget Deficit Debate
Estimating Budget Deficits and Trends
The Impact on National Security
Likely Areas of Reductions
The Washington Monument Ploy
National Security Benefits and Costs
Challenge! Thinking About Loss Allocation
Conclusions: An Ongoing Debate
Study/Discussion Questions
Selected Bibliography
The Phenomenon and Impact of Globalization
The Bretton Woods System, 1945-1971
The Bretton Woods Institutions
Amplification 8.1 The ITO and the Antifree Traders
The Breakdown of Bretton Woods
The Transitional Period, 1971-1990
American Decline
American Revival
The Globalizing Economy, 1990-Present
Characteristics and Values
Objections to Globalization
The Rejectionists
New Additions to the National Security Agenda
Conclusion: Globalization and Other Factors in American Security
Challenge! Rare Earth Elements and National Security
Study/Discussion Questions
Selected Bibliography
"Legacy" Military Problems
Nuclear Forces and Deterrence
Seminal Events of the Nuclear Age
Theories of Deterrence
Nuclear Residues
Iranian Proliferation and Israel
Traditional Forces and the Future
The Heavy Forces (Conventional) Model
The Light Forces (Unconventional) Model
Light Forces, Heavy Forces, or Both?
Affording Heavy Forces: Relevance and Cost Overruns
Traditional Residues
Military Manpower
Challenge! Military Service After Iraq and Afghanistan
Military Reform
Conclusion: The Continuing Relevance of Traditional Forces
Study/Discussion Questions
Selected Bibliography
The Contemporary Environment and Challenges
Residues of 9/11: Terrorism, Iraq, and Afghanistan
The Direct Terrorism Response
Why Terror?
Terrorism as Crime or War
Dealing with Terror
The War in Afghanistan
Justification of the War
Validity of the Objective
Lessons of Afghanistan
Afghanistan Options
The Iraq War
Justifications of the War
Validity of the Objective
Lessons of Iraq
Challenge1. What if Iraq "Goes South"?
Conclusions: Conditioning the Future
Study/Discussion Questions
Selected Bibliography
International Change: Asymmetrical Warfare
The Context of Asymmetrical Warfare
Sun Tzu on Asymmetrical Warfare
The End of the Cold War
The United States as Hyperpower
September 11 and the Shift in Violent Activity
The Dynamics of Asymmetrical Warfare
Defining Symmetrical and Asymmetrical Warfare
The Lure of Asymmetrical Warfare
Asymmetrical Models: Mobile-Guerrilla Warfare
Asymmetrical Futures?
The Political Legacy: Be Careful Where You Intervene
The Military Legacy: Preparing for Asymmetrical Foes
Challenge! The Asymmetrical Warfare Element in Planning
Conclusions: Asymmetry and the Future
Study/Discussion Questions
Selected Bibliography
The Menu of Activism: Peacekeeping, State Building, and Development
The Dynamics of Peacekeeping
The Talk-Shoot Dilemma in PE
Peacekeeping and the Future
Development and State Building
The Rationale and Evolution of Development
Impediments to Development
Challenge! Establishing Developmental Priorities
State Building
Peacekeeping, Development, and State Building in Afghanistan
Conclusions: The Complexity of Postwar Peace
Study/Discussion Questions
Selected Bibliography
New Dimensions and Approaches
Border Security
The Physical Problem
Border Threats
An Impenetrable Border?
Natural Resources Security
Petroleum Energy Security
Challenge! National Security and the Price of Gas
Environmental Security
Global Warming
The United States, Kyoto, and Copenhagen
Hurricane Katrina
Conclusion: Expanded Security Horizons
Study/Discussion Questions
Selected Bibliography
Looking Ahead
Exploring the Future
Variables in the Environment
The Fall of the Shah and Al Qaeda
Challenge! Contemporary Worst Cases?
Policies and Effects
National Security Policy Models
U.S. Activism and Iranian Nuclear Weapons
Conclusions: Assessing the Future
Study/Discussion Questions
Selected Bibliography
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