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Ultimate Questions Thinking about Philosophy

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ISBN-10: 020573197X

ISBN-13: 9780205731978

Edition: 3rd 2011

Authors: Nils Ch Rauhut

List price: $61.60
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Description:

This text examines the main problems in contemporary philosophy and uses more than 100 'food for thought' exercises that promote learning by helping students become true, active learners of philosophy.
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Book details

List price: $61.60
Edition: 3rd
Copyright year: 2011
Publisher: Prentice Hall PTR
Publication date: 10/21/2010
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 256
Size: 6.25" wide x 9.25" long x 0.50" tall
Weight: 0.836
Language: English

Preface
What Is Philosophy?
Making Sense of the World
The Relationship Between Science and Philosophy
The Main Branches of Philosophy
Philosophical Tools
Logical Consistency
A Demand of Reason: Avoid Contradictions
Logical Possibility
Definitions
Lexical vs. Real Definitions
Challenging Definitions: Counterexamples and Thought Experiments
The Basic Structure of Arguments
Putting Arguments into Standard Form
Deductive and Inductive Arguments
Evaluating Deductive Arguments: Validity and Soundness
Evaluating Deductive Arguments: Logical Form
Evaluating Inductive Arguments: Probability
What Do We Know?
Why Knowledge Matters
Searching for a Definition of Knowledge
Three Different Theories of Knowledge
Skepticism
The Case for Skepticism
Descartes' Quest for Certainty
Empiricism
The Case for Empiricism
Problems with Perception
The Problem of Induction
Rationalism
The Case for Rationalism
Problems for Rationalism
Final Remarks on Epistemology
The Problem of Free Will
Why Is There a Problem with Free Will?
The Case for Hard Determinism
Can Indeterminism Save Free Will?
Compatibilism
Traditional Compatibilism
Deep Self-Compatibilism
A Fundamental Problem for Compatibilism
Libertarianism
The Case for Libertarianism
Problems for Libertarianism
Final Remarks on the Problem of Free Will
The Problem of Personal Identity
What Is the Problem?
The Illusion Theory
The Case for the Illusion Theory
Problems for the Illusion Theory
The Body Theory, or Animalism
The Case for the Body Theory
Problems for the Body Theory
The Soul Theory
The Case for the Soul Theory
Problems for the Soul Theory
The Memory Theory
The Case for the Memory Theory
Problems for the Memory Theory
Final Remarks on Personal Identity
The Mind/Body Problem
What Is the Problem?
Possible Solutions to the Mind/Body Problem
Substance Dualism
Arguments for Substance Dualism
Arguments Against Substance Dualism
Varieties of Physicalism
Behaviorism
Logical Behaviorism
Arguments Against Logical Behaviorism
The Identity Theory
Arguments Against the Identity Theory
Functionalism
Functional Concepts and �Stuff� Concepts
Functionalism: Mind as Software
Functionalism and Artificial Intelligence: The Turing Test
Arguments Against Functionalism
Eliminative Materialism
Final Remarks on the Mind/Body Problem
Does God Exist?
God, Faith, and Reason
What Do We Mean by the Word God?
Arguments in Defense of Classical Theism
Arguments from Religious Experiences
The Cosmological Argument
The Design Argument
The Ontological Argument
Pascal's Wager
The Effect of These Arguments
Arguments Against Classical Theism
The Logical Problem of Evil
The Evidential Problem of Evil
Final Remarks on the Problem of God's Existence
What Ought We to Do?
Moral Intuitions and Moral Principles
A Fundamental Challenge: Relativism
The Case for Ethical Subjectivism
Problems for Ethical Subjectivism
The Case for Cultural Relativism
Problems for Cultural Relativism
Final Remarks on Cultural Relativism
Some Important Ethical Theories
Divine Command Theory
Utilitarianism
Duty-Based Theories
Virtue-Based Theories
Final Remarks on the Problem of Morality
Credits
Index