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Birthing the Nation Sex, Science, and the Conception of Eighteenth-Century Britons

ISBN-10: 019954140X

ISBN-13: 9780199541409

Edition: 2008

Authors: Lisa Forman Cody

List price: $48.95
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Description:

How could the professional triumph of man-midwifery and contemporary tales of pregnant men, rabbit-breeding mothers, and meddling midwives in eighteenth-century Britain help construct the emergence of modern corporate and individual identities? By uncovering long-lost tales and artefacts aboutsexuality, birth, and popular culture, Lisa Forman Cody argues that Enlightenment Britons understood themselves and their relationship to others through their experiences and beliefs about the reproductive body. Birthing the Nation traces two intertwined narratives that shaped eighteenth-centuryBritish life: the development of the modern British nation, and the emergence of the male expert as the pre-eminent authority over matters of sexual behaviour, reproduction, and childbirth. By taking seriously contemporary caricatures, jokes, and rumours that used gender, birth, and family to makeclaims about religious, ethnic and national identity, Cody illuminates an entirely new view of the eighteenth-century public sphere as focused on the bodily and the bizarre.In a monarchy arbitrated by its official religion, regulation of reproduction and childbirth was vital to the very stability of British political authority and the coherence of British culture, challenged as it was by Catholicism, the French Revolution, and social change. In the late seventeenthcentury, the English feared the power of female midwives to control the destiny of the royal family, yet men-midwives and male experts had hardly proved their superiority to manage the successful birth of children. By the mid-eighteenth century, however, male midwives became experts over thedomestic world of pregnancy and childbirth, largely replacing female midwives among the middling and elite families. Cody suggests that these new professionals provided a new model for masculine comportment and emergent intimate relationships within the middle-class and elite home.Most surprisingly, Cody has discovered many interconnections between obstetrics and politics, and shows how male experts transformed what had once been the private, feminine domain of birth and midwifery into topics of public importance and universal interest, leading even Adam Smith and EdmundBurke to attend lectures on obstetrical anatomy. This is the first book to place the eighteenth-century shift from female midwives to male midwives as the dominant experts over childbirth in a larger cultural and political context. Cody illuminates how eighteenth-century Britons understood andsymbolized political, national, and religious affiliation through the experiences of the body, sex, and birth. In turn, she takes seriously how the political arguments and rhetoric of the age were not always made on disembodied, rational terms, but instead referenced deep cultural beliefs aboutgender, reproduction, and the family.
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Book details

List price: $48.95
Copyright year: 2008
Publisher: Oxford University Press, Incorporated
Publication date: 9/15/2008
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 374
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.232
Language: English

Introduction
Mothers, Midwives, and Mysteries
Abortions, Witches, and Catholics: Reproduction and Revolution
'Is not your Lordship with child too?': Pregnant Fathers and Fathers of Science
Imagining Mothers
Breeding Scottish Obstetrics in Doctor Smellie's London
Revolutionary Bodies in the Britain of George III
Sex, Science, and Race
The State Takes Charge: Conceived, Consummated, and Counted
Epilogue