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Death Penalty A Worldwide Perspective

ISBN-10: 0199228477

ISBN-13: 9780199228478

Edition: 4th 2007 (Revised)

Authors: Carolyn Hoyle, Roger Hood

List price: $70.00
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Description:

The 4th edition of this authoritative study of the death penalty, now written jointly with Carolyn Hoyle, brings up-to-date developments in the movement to abolish the death penalty worldwide. It draws on Roger Hoods experiences as consultant to the United Nations for the UN Secretary Generals five-yearly surveys of capital punishment and on the latest information from a wide range of non-governmental organizations and academic literature. Not only have many more countries abolished capital punishment but, even amongst those that continue to retain it, the majority have been carrying out fewer executions. Legal challenges to mandatory capital punishment have been successful, as has the pressure to abolish the death penalty for those who commit a capital crime when under the age of 18. This edition has more to say about the prospects that China will restrict and control the number of executions on the road to abolition. Yet, despite such advances, this book reveals many human rights abuses where the death penalty still exists. In some countries a wide range of crimes remain subject to capital punishment and the authorities too often fail to meet the safeguards embodied in international human rights treaties to safeguard those facing the death penalty. There is evidence of police abuse, unfair trials, lack of access to competent defence counsel, excessive periods of time spent in horrible conditions on death row, and public, painful forms of execution. The authors engage with the latest debates on the realities of capital punishment, especially its justification as a uniquely effective deterrent; whether it can ever be administered equitably, without discrimination or error; and what influence relatives of victims should have in sentencing and on the public debate. For the first time, it also discusses the problem of devising an alternative to capital punishment; especially, life imprisonment without the possibility of parole.
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Book details

List price: $70.00
Edition: 4th
Copyright year: 2007
Publisher: Oxford University Press, Incorporated
Publication date: 6/2/2008
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 350
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.25" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 1.694
Language: English

Acknowledgements
Introduction
Sources of Information
Plan of the Book
The Approach Taken towards Capital Punishment
The Abolitionist Movement: Progress and Prospects
The Pace of Abolition
Generating the New Wave of Abolition
What Prospects for International Acceptance or Rejection of Capital Punishment?
In the Vanguard of Abolition
Western Europe and Australasia: Death Penalty Free Zones
Eastern Europe: Embracing Abolition
States of the Former Soviet Union: From Moratoria to Abolition De Jure
South and Central America: Long-term Supporters of Abolition
Where Capital Punishment Remains Contested
The Middle East and North Africa: Cracks in the Bastion?
Africa South of the Sahara: Resistance to Abolition Crumbling?
Asia and the Pacific: Opening up the Issue
The Caribbean: Colonial Legacies
North America: Faltering Support
The Scope of Capital Punishment in Law
Offences Punishable By Death
The Scale of Death Sentences and Executions
The Death Penalty in Reality: The Process of Execution and the Death Row Experience
Executing those found to be Guilty
Under Sentence of Death
Conclusion
Excluding the Vulnerable from Capital Punishment
Juvenile Defendants
The Question of the Aged
The Exemption of Pregnant Women
The Status of the Mentally Retarded
Protection of the Insane and Severely Mentally Ill
Conclusion
Protecting the Accused and Ensuring Due Process
International Standards
Ensuring a Fair Trial
The Right to Appeal
The Right to Seek a Pardon, Clemency, or Commutation of Sentence
Finality of Judgment: Awaiting the Outcome of Legal Proceedings
Wrongful Convictions and Innocent Persons Exonerated
Conclusions
Deciding Who Should Die: Problems of Inequity, Arbitrariness, and Racial Discrimination
Mandatory or Discretionary?
Legal Analyses: The American Experience
Criminological Investigations
Policy Implications
The Question of Deterrence
Reliance on the Deterrent Justification
Conceptual Issues: The Need for Clarification
General Deterrence in Context
Assessing Homicide Trends
The Comparative Method
Measuring the Immediate Impact
The Econometric Model
Methodological Problems in Measuring the Deterrent Effect
Implications for Policy
A Question of Opinion or a Question of Principle?
Public Opinion and the Politics of Abolition
The Nature of Public Opinion
Changing Public Opinion
Abolition and its Effect on Public Opinion
The Impact of Victims' Advocates on Support for the Death Penalty
A Question of Principle
The Challenge of a Suitable Replacement
The Nature of the Challenge
The Range of Alternative Penalties
The Ascendancy of Life Without Parole in America
Life Without Hope: The New Challenge to Human Dignity
Conditions of Confinement
The Challenge of Sentencing Juveniles Convicted of Murder
Implications for Policy
Appendices
Lists of Retentionist and Abolitionist Countries
Ratification of International Treaties
International Instruments
Bibliography
Cases Cited
Index