Knockoff Economy How Imitation Spurs Innovation
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Conventional wisdom holds that intellectual property rights are essential for innovation. But are copyright and patents really necessary to spark creativity? InThe Knockoff Economy, Kal Raustiala and Christopher Sprigman provocatively argue that creativity can not only survive in the face of copying, but can thrive.The Knockoff Economyapproaches the question of incentives and innovation in a wholly new way--by exploring creative fields that do not rely on legal monopolies, such as fashion, cuisine, and even professional football. By uncovering these important but rarely studied creative worlds, Raustiala and Sprigman reveal a nuanced and fascinating relationship between imitation and innovation. In some creative fields copying is kept in check through informal industry norms enforced by private sanctions. In other cases, the freedom to copy actually promotes creativity. High fashion gave rise to the very term "knockoff," yet imitation only makes the fashion cycle run faster--and forces the fashion industry to be ever more creative.Raustiala and Sprigman carry their analysis from food to font design to football plays to finance, examining how and why each of these vibrant fields remains innovative, even in the face of sometimes-extensive imitation. There is an important thread that ties all these instances together--successful creative industries can evolve to be resistant to, and even to profit from, piracy. And there are important lessons here for copyright-focused industries, like music and film, that have struggled with piracy.Raustiala and Sprigman's arguments have been making headlines inThe New Yorker, theNew York Times, theFinancial Times, theBoston Globe, Le Monde, and elsewhere. By looking where few had looked before--at industries that fall outside normal IP law--The Knockoff Economyopens up fascinating creative worlds. And it demonstrates that not only is a great deal of innovation possible without IP, but that IP'sabsenceis sometimes better for innovation.
List price: $27.95
Copyright year: 2012
Publisher: Oxford University Press, Incorporated
Publication date: 9/17/2012
Size: 6.50" wide x 9.75" long x 1.00" tall
|Knockoffs and Fashion Victims|
|Cuisine, Copying, and Creativity|
|Comedy and Copyright|
|Football, Fonts, Finance, and Feist|
|Epilogue: The Future is Now-Music as a Low-IP Industry|