Patterns of World History

ISBN-10: 0195332873

ISBN-13: 9780195332872

Edition: 2012

Authors: Peter Von Sivers, George B. Stow, Charles A. Desnoyers

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Patterns of World History comes to the teaching of world history from the perspective of innovations the engine of historical change. Innovation is nothing new; so what we advocate in this book is a distinct intellectual framework for understanding innovation through its patterns of origin, interaction, and adaptation. Each small or large technical or cultural innovation originated in one geographical center, or independently in several different centers. As people in the centers interacted with their neighbors, the neighbors adapted to - and in many cases were transformed by - the innovations. By adaptation we include the entire spectrum of human responses, ranging from outright rejection to creative borrowing and, at times, forced acceptance.What do we gain by studying world history as patterns of innovation? First, if we consider innovation to be a driving force of history, it helps satisfy an intrinsic human curiosity about origins-our own and others. Perhaps more importantly, seeing patterns of innovation in historical development brings to light connections and linkages among peoples, cultures, and regions that might not otherwise present themselves. At the same time such patterns can also reveal differences among cultures that other approaches to world history tend to neglect. For example, the differences between the civilizations of the Eastern and Western Hemispheres are generally highlighted in world history texts, but the broad commonalities of human groups creating agriculturally-based cities and states in widely separated areas also show deep parallels in their patterns of origins, interactions and adaptations: such comparisons are at the center of our approach.Second, this kind of analysis offers insights into how an individual innovation was subsequently developed and diffused across space and time-that is, the patterns by which the new eventually becomes a necessity in our daily lives. Through all of this we gain a deeper appreciation of the unfolding of global history from its origins in small communities to the densely populated large countries in our present world.Finally, our use of a broad-based understanding of innovation allows us to restore culture in all its individual and institutionalized aspects-spiritual, artistic, intellectual, scientific-to its rightful place alongside technology, environment, politics, and socio-economic conditions. That is, understanding innovation in this way allows this text to help illuminate the full range of human ingenuity over time and space in a comprehensive, evenhanded, and open-ended fashion.
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Book details

List price: $85.95
Copyright year: 2012
Publisher: Oxford University Press, Incorporated
Publication date: 12/9/2011
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 1168
Size: 7.50" wide x 10.00" long x 1.75" tall
Weight: 4.840
Language: English

James Joyce was born on February 2, 1882, in Dublin, Ireland, into a large Catholic family. Joyce was a very good pupil, studying poetics, languages, and philosophy at Clongowes Wood College, Belvedere College, and the Royal University in Dublin. Joyce taught school in Dalkey, Ireland, before marrying in 1904. Joyce lived in Zurich and Triest, teaching languages at Berlitz schools, and then settled in Paris in 1920 where he figured prominently in the Parisian literary scene, as witnessed by Ernest Hemingway's A Moveable Feast. Joyce's collection of fine short stories, Dubliners, was published in 1914, to critical acclaim. Joyce's major works include A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, Ulysses, Finnegans Wake, and Stephen Hero. Ulysses, published in 1922, is considered one of the greatest English novels of the 20th century. The book simply chronicles one day in the fictional life of Leopold Bloom, but it introduces stream of consciousness as a literary method and broaches many subjects controversial to its day. As avant-garde as Ulysses was, Finnegans Wake is even more challenging to the reader as an important modernist work. Joyce died just two years after its publication, in 1941.

From Human Origins to Early Agricultural Centers, Prehistory-10,000 B.C.E.
The African Origins of Humanity, Prehistory to 10,000 B.C.E.
The Origins of Humanity
Hominins: No Longer Apes but not yet Human
Human Adaptations: From Africa to Eurasia and Australia
The African Origins of Human Culture
Migration from South Asia to Australia
Migration from South Asia to Europe
The Ice Age Crisis and Human Migration to the Americas
The Ice Age
Agrarian-Urban Centers of the Middle East and Eastern Mediterranean, 11,500-600 B.C.E
Agrarian Origins in the Fertile Crescent, c. 11,500-1,500 B.C.E
Sedentary Foragers and Foraging Farmers
The Origins of Urban Centers in Mesopotamia and Egypt
Kingdoms in Mesopotamia, Egypt, and Crete
Interactions Among Multi-Ethnic and Multi-Religious Empires, c. 1500-600 B.C.E.
The Hittite and Assyrian Empires, 1600-600 B.C.E.
Small Kingdoms on the Imperial Margins, 1600-600 B.C.E.
Religious Experience and Cultural Achievements
Shifting Agrarian Centers in India, 3000-600 B.C.E.
The Vanished Origins of Harappa 3000 to 1500 B.C.E
The Region and People
Adapting to Urban Life in the Indus Valley
The Collapse of the Cities
Interactions in Northern India 1500 to 600 B.C.E.
The Vedic World, 1750 to 800 B.C.E.
Statecraft and the Ideology of Power, 800 to 600 B.C.E.
Indian Society, Culture, and Religion 1500 to 600 B.C.E.
Society and Family in Ancient India
Cultural Interactions to 600 B.C.E.
Agrarian Patterns and the Mandate of Heaven in Ancient China, 5000-481 B.C.E.
The Origins of Yellow River Cultures, 5000 to 1766 B.C.E.
Geography and Climate
The Origins of Neolithic Cultures
The Age of Myth and the Xia Dynasty, 2852 to 1766 B.C.E.
The Interactions of Shang and Zhou History and Politics, 1766 to 481 B.C.E.
The Shang Dynasty, 1766 to 1122 B.C.E.
The Mandate of Heaven: The Zhou Dynasty to 481 B.C.E.
Economy, Society, and Family Adaptation in Ancient China
Shang Society
Interactions of Zhou Economy and Society
Gender and the Family
Interactions of Religion, Culture, and Intellectual Life in Ancient China
Oracle Bones and Early Chinese Writing
Adaptations of Zhou Religion, Technology, and Culture
Origins Apart: The Americas and Oceania, 30,000-600 B.C.E.
The Americas: Hunters and Foragers 30,000 B.C.E. to 600 B.C.E.
The Environment
Human Migrations
Agriculture, Villages, and Urban Life
The Neolithic Revolution in the New World
The Origins of Urban Life
Foraging and Farming Societies outside the Andes and Mesoamerica
The Origins of Pacific Island Migrations 6000 to 600 B.C.E.
Lapita and Cultural Origins
Creating Polynesia
The Age of Empires and Visionaries, 600 B.C.E. - 600 C.E.
Chiefdoms and Early States in Africa and the Americas, 600 B.C.E.-600 C.E.
Agriculture and Early African Kingdoms
Saharan Villages, Towns, and Kingdoms
The Kingdom of Aksum
The Spread of Villages in Sub-Saharan Africa
West African Savanna and Rainforest Agriculture
The Spread of Village Life to East and South Africa
Patterns of African History, 600 B.C.E.-600 C.E.
Early States in Mesoamerica: Maya Kingdoms and Teotihuac�n
The Maya Kingdoms in Southern Mesoamerica
The Kingdom of Teotihuac�n in the Mexican Basin
The Andes: Moche and Nazca
The Moche in Northern Peru
Paracas and the Nazca in Southern Peru
Persia, Greece, and Rome, 550 B.C.E.-600 C.E.
Interactions between Persia and Greece
The Origins of the Achaemenid Persian Empire
Greek City-States in the Persian Shadow
Alexander's Empire and Its Successor Kingdoms
Interactions Between the Persian and Roman Empires
Parthian Persia and Rome
The Sasanian Persian and Late Roman Empires
Adaptations to Monotheism in the Middle East
Challenge to Polytheism: The Origins of Judaism, Zoroastrianism, and Greek Philosophy
Toward Religious Communities and Philosophical Schools
The Beginnings of Science and the Cultures of Kings and Citizens
The Sciences at the Museum of Alexandria
Royal Persian Culture
Greek and Roman Civic Culture
Empires and Visionaries in India, 600 B.C.E.-600 C.E.
Patterns of State Formation in India: Republics, Kingdoms, and Empires
The Road to Empire: The Mauryas
The Classical Age: The Gupta Empire
The Southern Kingdoms, ca. 300 to 600 C.E.
The Vedic Tradition and Its Visionary Reformers
Reforming the Vedic Tradition
The Maturity of Hinduism: From the Abstract to the Devotional
Stability Amid Disorder: Economics, Family, and Society
Tax and Spend: Economics and Society
Caste, Family Life, and Gender
Strength in Numbers: Art, Literature, and Science
Imperial Unification and Perfecting the Moral Order in China, 722 B.C.E.-618 C.E.
Visionaries and Empire
Confucianism, Legalism, and Daoism
The Qin Dynasty
The Han Dynasty
The Domestic Economy: Society, Family, and Gender
Industry and Commerce
Gender Roles
Intellectual Trends, Aesthetics, Science, and Technology
Confucianism, Education, and History during the Han
Buddhism in China
Intellectual Life
From Regional Empires to Religious Civilizations, 600-1450 C.E.
Islamic Civilization and Byzantium, 600-1300
The Rise of Arab Dominance in the Middle East and Mediterranean
From Rome and Persia to the Arab Empire
From the Arab Empire to Islamic Civilization
Byzantium: Survival and Recovery
Islamic Civilization in the Commonwealth of Dynastic States, 900-1300
Islamic and Eastern Christian Civilizations at their Height
State and Society in Mamluk Egypt
Commercial Relations from the Atlantic to the South China Sea
Religion, Sciences, and the Arts in Two Religious Civilizations
Islamic Culture: Intellectual and Scientific Expressions
Artistic Expressions in Islamic Civilization
Origins of the Western Christian World, 600-1400 C.E.
The Formation of Christian Europe: 600-1000 C.E.
Frankish Gaul and Latin Christianity
Recovery, Reform, and Innovation: 1000-1300 C.E.
The Political Recovery of Europe
The Economic and Social Recovery of Europe
Religious Reform and Expansion
Intellectual and Cultural Developments
Crisis and Creativity: 1300-1415
The Calamitous Fourteenth Century
Signs of a New Era in the Fifteenth Century
Contrasting Patterns in India and China, 600-1600
India: The Clash of Cultures
India after the Guptas
Islam in India, 711-1398
Toward the Mughal Era, 1398-1450
Interactions and Adaptations: From Buddhism to Neo-Confucian Synthesis in China
Creating a Religious Civilization under the Tang
The Song and Yuan Dynasties, 960 to 1368
The Ming to 1450: The Quest for Stability
Society, Family and Gender
Perceptions of Perfection: Intellectual, Scientific and Cultural Life
Religious Civilizations Interacting: Korea, Japan, and Southeast Asia, 100 C.E.-1400 C.E.
Korea to 1450
People and Place: The Korean Environment
Conquest and Competition: History and Politics to 1598
Economy, Society, and Family
Religion, Culture, and Intellectual Life
Japan to 1450
The Island Refuge
Adaptation at Arm's Length: History and Politics
Economy, Society, and Family
Religion, Culture, and Intellectual Life
The Setting and Neolithic Cultures
The "Far South": History and Politics to 1450
Economy, Society, and Family
Religion, Culture, and Intellectual Life
Patterns of State Formation in Africa, 600-1450
Christian Kingdoms in the Northeast
Nubia in the Middle Nile Valley
Ethiopia in the Eastern Highlands
Islamic City-States on the East African Coast and Traditional Kingdoms in South Africa
The Swahili City-States on the East African Coast
Traditional Kingdoms in South and Central Africa
Central African Chiefdoms and Kingdoms
From Traditional to Islamic Kingdoms in West Africa
The Kingdom of Ancient Ghana
The Empire of Mali
Rainforest Kingdoms
The Rise of Empires in the Americas, 600-1550
The Legacy of Teotihuac�n and the Toltecs in Meso- Militarism in the Mexican Basin
Late Maya Kingdoms in Yucat�n
The Legacy of Tiwanaku and Wari in the Andes
The Conquering State of Tiwanaku
The Expanduing Kingdom of Wari
American Empires: The Aztecs and Incas
The Aztec Empire of Meso-America
The Inca Empire of the Andes
Imperial Society and Culture
Imperial Capitals: Tenochtitl�n and Cuzco
Power and Its Cultural Expressions
Interactions across the Globe, 1450-1750
The Ottoman-Hapsburg Struggle and European Overseas Expansion, 1450-1600
The Muslim-Christian Competition in East and West, 1450-1600
Iberian-Christian Expansion, 1415-1498
Rise of the Ottomans and Struggle with the Habsburgs for Dominance, 1300-1609
The Rise of the Centralized Fiscal-Military State
State Transformation, Money, and Firearms
Imperial Courts, Urban Fesivities, and the Arts
The Spanish Habsburg Empire: Popular Festivities and the Arts
The Ottoman Empire: Palaces, Festivities, and the Arts
Renaissance, Reformation, and the New Science in Europe, 1450-1700
Fiscal-Military States and Religious Upheavals
The Rise of Fiscal-Military Kingdoms
The Protestant Reformation, State Churches, and Independent Congregations
Religious Wars and Political Restoration
Cultural Transformations: Renaissance, New Science, and Early Enlightenment
The Renaissance and Baroque Arts
The Pioneers of the New Science
The New Science and Its Impact
The Early Enlightenment in Northwestern Europe
New Patterns in New Worlds: Colonialism and Indigenous Responses in the Americas, 1500-1800
The Colonial Americas: Europe's Warm Weather Extension
The Conquest of Mexico and Peru
The Establishment of Colonial Institutions
The Making of American Societies: Economic and Social Formation
The Exploitation of the Mineral and Tropical Resources
Shades of Skin Color: Social Strata, Castes, and Ethnic Groups
The Adaptation of European Culture to the Americas
African Kingdoms, The Atlantic Slave Trade and the Origins of Black America, 1450-1800
African States and the Slave Trade
The End of Empires in the North and the Rise of States in the Center
Portugal's Explorations along the African Coast and Contacts with Ethiopia
Coastal Africa and the Atlantic Slave Trade
American Plantation Slavery and Atlantic Mercantilism
The Special Case of Plantation Slavery in the Americas
The "Peculiar Institution" in British North America
The Fatal Triangle: The Economic Patterns of the Atlantic Slave Trade
Cultural Identity in the African Diaspora
The Mughal Empire: Muslim Rulers and Hindu Subjects, 1400-1750
History and Political Life of the Mughals
From Samarkand to Hindustan
The Summer and Autumn of Empire
Administration, Society, and Economics
Mansabdars and Bureaucracy
The Mughals and Early Modern Economics
Society, Family, and Gender
Science, Religion, and the Arts
Science and Technology
Religion: In Search of Balance
Literature and Art
Regulating the "Inner" and the "Outer" Domains of China and Japan, 1500-1800
Late Ming and Qing China to 1750
From Expansion to Exclusion
The Spring and Summer of Power: The Qing to 1750
Village and Family Life
Science, Culture, and Intellectual Life
The Long War and Longer Peace: Japan, 1450 to 1750
The Struggle for Unification
The Tokugawa Bakufu to 1750
Growth and Stagnation: Economy and Society
Hothousing "Japaneseness": Culture, Science, and Intellectual Life
The Origins of Modernity, 1750-1900
Nation-States and Patterns of Culture in Europe and North America, 1750-1871
Constitutional Nation-States: 1750-
The American and French Revolutions
Enlightenment Culture: Radicalism and Moderation
Early and Late Enlightenment
The Other Enlightenment: The Ideology of Ethnic Nationalism
The Growth of the Nation-State, 1815-1871
Restoration Monarchies, 1815-1848
Nation-State Building in Anglo-America, 1783-1865
Romanticism and Realism: Philosophical and Artistic Expression to 1850
Industrialization and its Discontents
The Industrialization of Europe and the West: 1760-1914
Early Industrialism: 1750-1870
The Spread of Early Industrialism
Late Industrialism: 1871-1914
The Social and Economic Impact of Industrialism: 1750-1914
Demographic Changes
Industrial Society
Critics of Industrialization
Improved Standards of Living
Improved Urban Living
Big Business
Intellectual and Cultural Responses in the Age of Industrialism
Scientific and Intellectual Developments
Toward Modernity in Philosophy and Religion
Toward Modernity in Literature and the Arts
The Challenge of Modernity: East Asia, 1750 - 1900
China and Japan in the Age of Imperialism
China and Maritime Trade, 1750-1839
The Opium Wars and Treaty Port Era
Toward Revolution: Reform and Reaction to 1900
In Search of Security Through Empire: Japan in the Meiji Era
Economics and Society in Late Qing China
The Seeds of Modernity and the New Economic Order
Culture, Arts, and Science
Zaibatsu and Political Parties: Economics and Society in Meiji Japan
Commerce and Cartels
"Enlightenment and Progress": Science, Culture, and the Arts
Adaption and Resistance: The Ottoman and Russian Empires, 1683-1908
Decentralization and Reforms in the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Imperialism in the 1600s and 1700s
The Western Challenge and Ottoman Responses
Iran's Effort to Cope with the Western Challenge
Westernization, Reforms, and Industrialization in Russia
Russia and Westernization
Russia in the Early Nineteenth Century
The Great Reforms
Russian Industrialization
The Abortive Russian Revolution of 1905
The New Imperialism in the Nineteenth Century
The British Colonies of India, Australia, and New Zealand
The British East India Company
Direct British Rule
The British Settler Colonies of Australia and New Zealand
European Imperialism in the Middle East and Africa
The Rising Appeal of Imperialism in the West
The Scramble for Africa
Western Imperialism and Colonialism in Southeast Asia
The Dutch in Indonesia
Spain in the Philippines
The French in Vietnam
Creoles and Caudillos: Latin America in the Nineteenth Century
Independence, Authoritarianism, and Political Instability
Independence and Political Development in the North: Haiti and Mexico
Independence and Development in Northern South America
Independence and Development in Southern and Western South America
Brazil: From Kingdom to Republic
Latin American Society and Economy in the Nineteenth Century
Rebuilding Societies and Economies
Export-Led Growth
Women, Family, and Culture
Adaptations to Modernity across the Globe, 1900-Present
World War and Competing Visions of Modernity to 1945
The Great War and its Aftermath
A Savage War and a Flawed Peace
America First: The Beginnings of a Consumer Culture and the Great Depression
Great Britain and France: Slow Recovery and Empires
Latin America: Independent Democracies and Authoritarian Regimes
New Variations on Modernity: The Soviet Union and Communism
The Communist Party and Regime in the Soviet Union
The Collectivization of Agriculture and Industrialization
New Variations on Modernity: Supremacist Nationalism in Italy, Germany, and Japan
From Fascism in Italy to Nazism in the Third Reich
Japan's "Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere" and China's Struggle for Unity
Reconstruction, the Cold War, and Decolonization 1945-1962
Superpower Confrontation: Capitalist Democracy and Communism
The Cold War Era, 1945-1962
Society and Culture in Post-War North America, Europe, and Japan
Populism and Industrialization in Latin America
Slow Social Change
Populist Guided Democracy
The End of Colonialism and the Rise of New Nations
"China Has Stood Up"
Decolonization, Israel, and Arab Nationalism in the Middle East
Decolonization and the Cold War in Asia
Decolonization and Cold War in Sub-Saharan Africa
The End of the Cold War, Western Social Transformation, and the Developing World 1963-1991
The Climax of the Cold War
The Soviet Superpower in Slow Decline
Transforming the West
Civil Rights Movements
From "Underdeveloped" to "Developing" World, 1963-1991
China: Cultural Revolution to Four Modernizations
Vietnam: War and Unification
The Middle East
Africa: From Independence to Development
Globalization and Challenges to Modernity, 1991-Present
Capitalist Democracy: The Dominant Pattern of Modernity
A Decade of Global Expansion: The United States and the World in the 1990s
The Communist Holdouts: North Korea, Cuba, China, and Vietnam
A Decade of Global Shifts: Twenty-First Century Currents and Cross-Currents
The Environmental Limits of Modernity
Key Terms
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