Brief History of the Romans

ISBN-10: 0195187156

ISBN-13: 9780195187151

Edition: 2005

Authors: Daniel J. Gargola, Richard J. A. Talbert, Mary T. Boatwright

List price: $47.95
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How did a single village in Italy grow to become a world-class imperial power? This introduction, a new and shorter version of the authors' The Romans: From Village to Empire, is an inviting guide to the stages of Rome's remarkable political and military evolution over 1,500 years - through monarchy, republic, and then empire. With extensive illustrations, maps, and excerpts from writings by Romans themselves, this is a book that leaves its readers informed and eager to learn more.
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Book details

List price: $47.95
Copyright year: 2005
Publisher: Oxford University Press, Incorporated
Publication date: 1/12/2006
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 352
Size: 7.50" wide x 9.25" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.100
Language: English

Daniel J. Gargola is associate professor of history at the University of Kentucky.

Notes to the Reader
Early Italy
Italy and the Mediterranean World
Italy Before the City
The Iron Age in Etruria, Latium, and Campania
Greeks and Phoenicians in the Central Mediterranean
The Rise of Cities
Beginning of Writing
Appearance of an Elite
Cities and Monumental Architecture
Warfare in the Orientalizing and Archaic Periods
Social and Economic Organization
Etruscans and Greeks
Rome's First Centuries
Emergence of an Urban Community
The Romans and Their Early History
Romulus Founds Rome (Plutarch)
Dates of Rome's Kings According to Varro
Rome Under the Kings
Rome and the Latins
The Early Republic
Beginning of the Republic
Rome and Its Neighbors in the Fifth Century
Struggle of the Orders
Rome and Italy in the Fourth Century
Fall of Veii and the Sack of Rome
The City and Its Institutions in the Fourth Century
Assemblies of Citizens
Roman Assemblies
The City, Its Gods, and Its Priests
The Roman Games (Dionysius of Halicarnassus)
Roman Dominance in Italy
Warfare and the Civic Order
Rome in Latium and Campania
The Expansion of Roman Dominance
War and the Roman State
The Beginnings of a Mediterranean Empire
The Nobility and the City of Rome
Triumph of Scipio Africanus (Appian)
Wars with Carthage
First Punic War (264-241)
Second Punic War (218-201)
Romans Vow a "Sacred Spring" (Livy)
A Mediterranean Empire
Governors, Provinces, and Empire
Greece and Asia Minor
Slave Trade on Delos (Strabo)
North Africa
Italy and Empire
Senators, Officials, and Citizen Assemblies
Italy and the Consequences of Empire
Changing Relations Between Rome, Its Municipia, and Allies
Roman and Italian Elites
Scipio Africanus' Army Loots Carthago Nova (Polybius)
Demographic and Economic Changes
Roman Politics from the Mid-Second Century
Scipio Aemilianus
Tiberius Gracchus
Gaius Gracchus
Italy Threatened, Enfranchised, Divided
War with Jugurtha (112-105)
Italy Threatened from the North (113-101)
Changes in the Roman Army
Marius' Career in Roman Politics
Marius' Bid for the Consulship (Sallust)
Sixth Consulship of Marius and Second Tribunate of Saturninus (100)
Administration of the Provinces
Tribunate of Livius Drusus (91)
Social War (91-87)
Tribunate of Sulpicius Rufus (88)
Sulla's First March on Rome (88)
Cinna's Rule (87-84)
Sulla's Second March on Rome (83-82)
The Domination of Sulla and Its Legacy
Sulla's Proscriptions (82-81)
Sulla the Dictator and His Program (82-81)
Verdicts on Sulla's Program
Cicero's Defense of Sextus Roscius
Lepidus' Rising and Its Aftermath (78-77)
Challenge from Sertorius in Spain (80-73)
Spartacus' Slave Revolt (73-71)
Consulship of Crassus and Pompey (70)
Roman Women
Pompey Frees the Mediterranean of Pirates (67)
Threat from King Mithridates VI of Pontus
Sulla's Campaign Against Mithridates (87-85)
Lucullus' Struggle with Mithridates (74-67)
Pompey's Defeat of Mithridates (66-63)
Roles of Crassus and Cicero in Rome (65-63)
Catiline's Rising (63-62)
End of the Republic: Caesar's Dictatorship
Pompey's Return from the East (62)
Pompey and Political Stalemate in Rome
Partnership of Pompey, Crassus, and Caesar
Caesar's First Consulship (59)
Clodius' Tribunate (58)
Cicero's Recall and the Renewal of the Triumvirate (57-56)
Caesar's Campaigns in Gaul (58-51)
Death of Clodius and Pompey's Sole Consulship (52)
Prospect of Civil War (51-49)
Causes and Consequences of Caesar Crossing the Rubicon (January 49)
Civil War Campaigns (49-45)
Caesar's Activity as Dictator (49-44)
Caesar's Impact upon the City of Rome
Political Prospects for Rome and for Caesar
Augustus and the Transformation of the Roman World
Reactions to the Assassination of Caesar (44-43)
Emergence of a Second Triumvirate (43)
Battle of Philippi (42)
Perusine War (41-40)
Elimination of Sextus Pompey and Lepidus (39-36)
Laudatio Turiae
Antony in the East (42 onwards)
Clash Between Antony and Octavian (36-30)
Octavian as Sole Ruler (30 onwards)
"The Republic Restored"
Second Settlement (23)
The Julio-Claudian Family
Senate and Equites
Oath of Loyalty
The Empire and Its Expansion
City of Rome
Attitudes Outside Rome
Augustus: Final Assessment
The Early Principate (A.D. 14-69): The Julio-Claudians, the Civil War of 68-69, and Life in the Early Empire
The Julio-Claudian Emperors: Civil Government and Military Concerns
Tiberius (14-37)
Gaius (Caligula) (37-41)
Claudius (41-54)
Nero (54-68)
Civil War in 68-69
Economic and Social Change: Army
"Beneficial Ideology"
Cities and Provinces
Diversity: Women, Local Languages, and Culture
Religious Practices and Principles
Imperial Cult
Military Expansion and Its Limits: the Empire and the Provinces (69-138)
Institutionalization of the Principate
Vespasian (69-79)
Titus (79-81)
Domitian (81-96)
A New, Better Era?
Nerva (96-98)
Trajan (98-117)
The Antonine Family
Hadrian (117-138)
Hadrian Inspects Troops at Lambaesis, Numidia
Roman Cities and the Empire's Peoples
Theaters and Processions
Circuses and Chariot Racing
The Amphitheater and Gladiatorial Games
Other Urban Amenities and Education
Italy and the Provinces: Civil and Military Affairs (138-235)
Antoninus Pius (138-161)
A Greek Provincial Praises Roman Citizenship
Marcus Aurelius (161-180) and Lucius Verus (161-169)
Commodus (176-192, Sole Augustus after 180)
The Severan Family
Septimius Severus (193-211)
Caracalla (198-217, Sole Augustus after 211)
Macrinus (217-218)
Elagabalus (218-222)
Severus Alexander (222-235)
Roman Law
Roman Citizenship
Grant of Roman Citizenship (Tabula Banasitana)
Rome and Christianity
Pliny, Trajan, and Christians
The Third and Fourth Centuries: Changes and Continuities
Mid-Third Century
Aurelian (270-275), Diocletian, and the Tetrarchy (284-305)
Administrative, Military, and Religious Reforms of the Tetrarchy
Dissolution of the Tetrarchy (305-313) and the Rise of Constantine (306-324)
Constantine and the Empire
Cultural Aspects of the Fourth Century
Political and Military Changes
Art Credits
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