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Philosophical Questions Readings and Interactive Guides

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ISBN-10: 0195139836

ISBN-13: 9780195139839

Edition: 2004

Authors: James Fieser, Norman Lillegard

List price: $149.99
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This is a topically arranged textbook/reader (hybrid) covering the major writings in Eastern & Western philosophy intended for introduction to philosophy courses. This book combines commentary, primary texts, and study questions that guide students to better understand the philosophical works, ask focused questions, and ultimately spark in-depth discussions about the works.
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Book details

List price: $149.99
Copyright year: 2004
Publisher: Oxford University Press, Incorporated
Publication date: 9/23/2004
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 672
Size: 9.30" wide x 7.75" long x 1.16" tall
Weight: 3.190
Language: English

James Fieser is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Tennessee at Martin. He received his B.A. from Berea College and his M.A. and Ph.D. in philosophy from Purdue University. He is author, co-author, or editor of ten textbooks, including SOCRATES TO SARTRE AND BEYOND (9/e 2011), ETHICAL THEORY: CLASSICAL AND CONTEMPORARY READINGS (6/e 2010), A HISTORICAL INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY (2003), and MORAL PHILOSOPHY THROUGH THE AGES (2001). He has edited and annotated the ten-volume EARLY RESPONSES TO HUME (2/e 2005) and the five-volume SCOTTISH COMMON SENSE PHILOSOPHY (2000). He is founder and general editor of the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy website (

Preface for the Instructor
Introducing The Book
Philosophical Questions and Wonder
Features of This Book
A Little Logic
The Philosophy Of Religion
Challenges to Religious Belief
David Hume: The Irrationality of Believing in Miracles
Karl Marx: Religion as the Opium of the Masses
Friedrich Nietzsche: The Death of God
The Problem of Evil
Fyodor Dostoevsky: God and Human Suffering
Mackie: The Logical Problem of Evil
William Rowe: The Logical Problem of Evil Challenged
John Hick: A Soul-Making Theodicy
Mysticism and Religious Experience
Hindu Mysticism
William James: The Limited Authority of Mystical Experiences
Bertrand Russell: The Untrustworthiness of Mystical Experiences
Richard Swinburne: The Trustworthiness of Religious Experiences
The Ontological Argument for God''s Existence
Anselm''s Proofs
Gaunilo, Aquinas, and Kant: Against the Ontological Argument
The Cosmological Argument for God''s Existence
Aquinas''s Proofs
Clarke''s Proof and Hume''s Criticisms
The Design Argument for God''s Existence
David Hume: Against the Design Argument
William Paley: The Design Argument Revisited
Charles Darwin: Evolution and the Design Argument
Robin Collins: The Fine-Tuning Argument
Faith and Rationality
Blaise Pascal: Waging on Belief in God
William James: The Will to Believe
Alvin Plantinga and Jay Van Hook: Can We Know God Without Arguments?
Human Nature And The Self
Determinism Versus Free Will
Baron d''Holbach: The Case for Determinism
David Hume: Compatibilism
Thomas Reid: In Defense of Free Will
Richard Taylor: Determinism, Indeterminism, and Agency
Harry Frankfurt: Determinism and Second-Order Desires
Identity and Survival
Buddhism: No-Self and Transmigration of the Soul
David Hume: The Self as a Bundle of Perceptions
Terence Penelhum: Identity and Survival
The Self as Active Being
Soren Kierkegaard: The Self as Spirit
Karl Marx: The Self as Worker
Friedrich Nietzsche: The Self as the Will to Power
Martin Heidegger: The Self as Being Toward Death
The Self Connected with a Larger Reality
Hindu Upanishads: The Self-God
Chuang-tzu: The Way of Nature
Arne Naess: The Ecological Self
Charles Darwin: Human Beings as Evolved Animals
Souls, Minds, Bodies, And Machines
Ancient Western Views on Body, Soul, and Mind
Materialism, Atoms, and Sensation: Democritus and Lucretius
Body and Soul: Plato
Soul as Form of the Body: Aristotle
Classic Hindu Views on Soul, Self, and God
Katha Upanishad: The Outer Empirical Self and the Inner Self-God
Sankara: Strict Monism
Ramanuja: Qualified Monism
Modern Views on Mind and Body
Rene Descartes: Mental and Physical Substance
Anne Conway: The Mixture of Body and Soul
Benedict Spinoza and Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz: Idealist Monism and Parallelism
Twentieth-Century Views on Mind and Body
Gilbert Ryle: Logical Behaviorism
Smart and Paul Churchland: Mind-Brain Identity and Eliminative Materialism
Jerry Fodor: Functionalism
Franz Brentano: Intentionality as the Mark of the Mental
Daniel Dennett: Kinds of Intentional Psychology
Minds and Machines
Thomas Huxley: Humans as Machines
Ludwig Wittgenstein and Paul Ziff: Reminders About Machines and Thinking
John Searle: Minds, Brains, and the Chinese Room Argument
Lycan: A Reply to Searle
John Haugeland: Natural Languages, AI, and Existential Holism
Skepticism and Certainty
Chuang-tzu: The Relativity of All Things
Sextus Empiricus: The Goals and Methods of Skepticism
Rene Descartes: Dreams, Illusions, and the Evil Genius
David Hume: Skepticism About the External World
David Hume and Peter Strawson: The Problem of Induction
Sources of Knowledge: Rationalism and Empiricism
Plato: Knowledge Does Not Come from the Senses
John Locke: All Knowledge Derives from the Senses
John Searle: The Nature of Perception
A Priori Knowledge
David Hume: The Fo