Louis P. Pojman (1935-2005) was Professor of Philosophy, Emeritus, at the United States Military Academy and a Life Member of Clare Hall, Cambridge University. He received an M.A. and Ph.D. from Union Theological Seminary/Columbia University. He was a Fulbright Fellow at the University of Copenhagen and a Rockefeller Fellow at Hamburg University. He received his D.Phil. in Philosophy from Oxford University in 1997.His first position was at the University of Notre Dame, after which he taught at the University of Texas at Dallas. Later, at the University of Mississippi, he served for three years as Chair of the Department of Philosophy and Religion. In 1995, he became Professor of Philosophy at the United States Military Academy at West Point. He most recently was Visiting Professor at Brigham Young University in Utah and Visiting Fellow at Clare Hall, Oxford University. Pojman won several research and teaching awards, including the Burlington Northern Award for Outstanding Teaching and Scholarship (1988) and the Outstanding Scholar/Teacher in the Humanities at the University of Mississippi (1994). He wrote in the areas of philosophy of religion, epistemology, ethics, and political philosophy and authored or edited more than 30 books and 100 articles. Pojman passed away in 2005.
Preface Introduction PART I: THE ANGLO-AMERICAN ANALYTIC TRADITION 1. John M.E. McTaggart, The Unreality of Time 2. G.E. Moore The Refutation of Idealism A Defense of Common Sense Proof of an External World 3. Bertrand Russell The Problems of Philosophy The Theory of Definite Descriptions A Debate on the Existence of God between Father F.C. Copleston and Bertrand Russell 4. Charles Sanders Peirce How to Make Our Ideas Clear The Presuppositions of Science: Common Sense and Religion 5. William James The Will to Believe What Pragmatism Means The Pragmatic Notion of Truth 6. Rudolf Carnap, The Elimination of Metaphysics Through Logical Analysis of Language 7. A.J. Ayer The Abolition of Metaphysics A Critique of Ethics and Theology 8. Ludwig Wittgenstein Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus Philosophical Investigations 9. J.L. Austin, Sense and Sensibilia: A Critique of the Theory of Sense Data 10. Karl Popper Conjectures and Refutations Epistemology Without a Knowing Subject 11. Thomas Kuhn, Objectivity, Value Judgment, and Theory Choice 12. W.V.O. Quine Two Dogmas of Empiricism Epistemology Naturalized Ontological Relativity 13. Saul A. Kripke, A Priori Knowledge, Necessity, and Contingency 14. Jonathan Harrison, A Defense of Empiricism 15. Edmund L. Gettier, Is Justified True Belief Knowledge? 16. Alvin I. Goldman, What Is Justified Belief? 17. Nelson Goodman, The New Riddle of Induction 18. Donald Davidson, Truth and Meaning 19. Hilary Putnam, Meaning and Reference 20. Peter F. Strawson, Freedom and Resentment 21. Harry Frankfurt, Freedom of the Will and the Concept of a Person 22. Richard Taylor, A Defense of Libertarian Freedom of the Will 23. Anthony Flew, R.M. Hare, and Basil Mitchell, The Falsification Debate on Religious Belief 24. Gilbert Ryle, Exorcizing Descartes's "Ghost in the Machine" 25. Thomas Nagel What Is It Like to Be a Bat? Moral Luck 26. Daniel Dennett, The Intentional Stance 27. John Searle, Minds, Brains, and Programs [The Chinese Room] 28. Derek Parfit, Personal Identity 29. Robert Nozick A Defense of Libertarianism The Experience Machine 30. John Rawls, A Theory of Justice: Liberal Egalitarianism 31. Wallace Matson, Justice: A Funeral Oration PART II: CONTEMPORARY CONTINENTAL AND POSTMODERN PHILOSOPHY 32. Edmund Husserl, Ideas: General Introduction to Pure Phenomenology 33. Martin Heidegger On Dasein and Anxiety The Fundamental Question of Metaphysics 34. Jean-Paul Sartre Bad Faith Existentialism and Humanism 35. Michel Foucault, The Discourse on Language 36. Jacques Derrida, Plato's Pharmacy 37. Richard Rorty, Dismantling Truth: Solidarity Versus Objectivity 38. Margarita Rosa Levin, A Defense of Objectivity 39. Jurgen Habermas, Philosophy as Stand-In and Interpreter