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Engineering of Chemical Reactions

ISBN-10: 0195105885

ISBN-13: 9780195105889

Edition: 1998

Authors: Lanny D. Schmidt

List price: $110.00
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Description:

Employment opportunities for chemical engineers are moving away from petroleum and petrochemicals toward new applications such as materials processing, pharmaceuticals, and foods. Chemical reactors remain at the center of any chemical process; they are essential to improving existing processes and to designing new ones. Today and in the future chemical engineers must be able to use their knowledge of reactors in combination with other skills in order to think creatively and strategically about new processes and growing applications. The Engineering of Chemical Reactions addresses these issues by focusing on the analysis of chemical reactors while simultaneously providing a description of industrial chemical processes and the strategies by which they operate. Ideal for upper-level undergraduate courses in chemical reactor engineering and kinetics, this text provides a concise, up-to-date alternative to similar texts. In addition to the analysis of simple chemical reactors, it considers more complex situations such as multistage reactors and reactor-separation systems. Energy management and the role of mass transfer in chemical reactors are also integrated into the text. The evolution of chemical engineering from petroleum refining, through petrochemicals and polymers, to new applications is described so that students can see the relationships between past, present, and future technologies. Applications such as catalytic processes, environmental modeling, biological reactions, reactions involving solids, oxidation, combustion, safety, polymerization, and multiphase reactors are also described. The text uses a notation of reaction stoichiometry and reactor mass balances which is kept simple so that students can see the principles of reactor design without becoming lost in complex special cases. Numerical methods are used throughout to consider more complex problems. Worked examples are given throughout the text, and over 300 homework problems are included. Both the examples and problems cover real-world chemistry and kinetics.
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Book details

List price: $110.00
Copyright year: 1998
Publisher: Oxford University Press, Incorporated
Publication date: 12/4/1997
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 560
Size: 9.53" wide x 7.75" long x 1.23" tall
Weight: 2.728
Language: English

Each Chapter ends with Problems
Most chapters end with References
Preface to the Second Edition
Preface to the First Edition
Fundamentals
Introduction
Chemical Reactors
Chemical Reaction Engineering
What Do We Need To Know?
Industrial Processes
Modeling
Sources
Reaction Rates, The Batch Reactor, and The Real World
Chemical Reactions
Multiple Reactions
Reaction Rates
Approximate Reactions
Rate Coefficients
Elementary Reactions
Stoichiometry
Reaction Rates Near Equilibrium
Reactor Mass Balances
The Batch Reactor
Variable Density
Chemical Reactors
Thermodynamics and Reactors
Adiabatic Reactor Temperature
Chemical Equilibrium
Petroleum Refining
Polyester from Refinery Products and Natural Gas
"What Should I Do When I Don''t Have Reaction Rates?"
Reaction-Rate Data
Summary
Single Reactions in Continuous Isothermal Reactors
Continuous Reactors
The Continuous Stirred Tank Reactor
Conversion in a Constant-Density CSTR
The Plug-Flow Tubular Reactor
Conversion in a Constant-Density PFTR
Comparison Between Batch, CSTR, and PFTR
The 1/r Plot
Semibatch Reactors
Variable-Density Reactors
Space Velocity and Space Time
Chemical Reactors in a Series
Autocatalytic Reactions
Reversible Reactions
Transients in Continuous Reactions
Some Important Single-Reaction Processes: Alkane Activation
Synthesis Gas Reactions
Staged Reactors
The Major Chemical Companies
Reactor Design for a Single Reaction
Notation
Multiple Reactions in Continuous Reactors
Some Important Industrial Chemical Processes
The Petrochemical Industry
Olefins
Mass Balances
Conversion, Selectivity, and Yield
Complex Reaction Networks
Series Reactions
Parallel Reactions
Multiple Reactions with Variable Density
Real Reaction Systems and Modeling
Approximate Rate Expressions for Multiple-Reaction Systems
Simplified Reactions
Reaction Mechanisms
Collision Theory of Bimolecular Reactions
Activated Complex Theory
Designing Reactors for Multiple Reactions
Nonisothermal Reactors
Heat Generation and Removal
Energy Balance in a CSTR
Energy Balance in a PFTR
Equations to be Solved
Heat Removal or Addition to Maintain a Reactor Isotherma
Adiabatic Reactors
Trajectories and Phase-Plane Plots
Trajectories of Wall-Cooled Reactors
Exothermic Versus Endothermic Reactions
Other Tubular Reactor Configurations
Temperature Profile in a Packed Bed
Multiple Steady States and Transients
Heat Generation and Removal in a CSTR
Adiabatic CSTR
Stability of Steady States in a CSTR
Observation of Multiple Steady States
Transients in the CSTR with Multiple Steady States
Other Reactions in a CSTR
Variable Coolant Temperature in a CSTR
Designing Reactors for Energy Management
Catalytic Reactors and Mass Transfer
Catalytic Reactions
Catalytic Reactors
Surface and Enzyme Reaction Rates
Porous Catalysts
Transport and Reactions
Mass Transfer Coefficients
External Mass Transfer
Pore Diffusion
Temperature Dependence of Catalytic Reaction Rates
The Automotive Catalytic Converter
The Catalytic Wall Reactor
Langmuir-Hinshelwood Kinetics
Summary of Surface Reaction Kinetics
Designing Catalytic Reactors
Electrochemical Reactors
Real Catalytic Reactors
Bioreactors
The Human Reactor
APPLICATIONS
Nonideal Chemical Reactions
The "Complete" Equations
Reactor Mass and Energy Balances
Residence Time Distribution
Laminar Flow Tubular Reactors
Dispersion in Tubular Reactors
Recycle Reactors
CSTRs in Series
Diagnosing Reactors
Summary
Reactions of Solids
Reactions Involving Solids
Chemical Vapor Deposition and Reactive Etching
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