African Histories New Sources and New Techniques for Studying African Pasts

ISBN-10: 0136155588

ISBN-13: 9780136155584

Edition: 2012 (Revised)

List price: $46.99
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Book details

List price: $46.99
Copyright year: 2012
Publisher: Pearson Education, Limited
Publication date: 8/3/2011
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 312
Size: 7.00" wide x 9.25" long x 0.50" tall
Weight: 1.144
Language: English

Archaeobotany and Cultivation in Africa
Chapter Objectives
The Problem
Humans and plant interaction
Cave painting of hunters and their prey, southern Africa, undated
Conversations with Ogotemmàli, Dogon-speaker, Sahelian West Africa, 1965
The Eloquent Peasant, Middle Kingdom Egypt/Kemet (c.2040-1650 BCE)
The Method
Pollen from important Sahelian crops, 1995-2005
Enset and banana phytoliths, 2005-2006
The Evidence
The spread and use of Bananas in Africa
Comparative morphology of Musa and Ensete phytoliths, 2005-2006
Wine and Beer in Pharaonic and Roman Egypt
Main components of pollen samples from aruma amphorae (jars), 4th-7th century CE
Exploring the domestication of sorghum
Interpreting archaeobotanical data
Further Reading
Early Written Evidence of State and Society in Classical North-Eastern Africa
Chapter Objectives
The Problem
The Scorpion King and depictions of ancient and classical North-East Africa
How did early North-East African societies organize themselves to face challenges?
Writing in North-East Africa
The connections between written sources and challenges to society
The Method
Basic practices for interpreting sources
The Evidence
Egypt: the Book of the Dead and the challenge of creating a civil society
Two versions of the "Declaration of Innocence", Late Period Egypt, c.717-332 BCE
Kush: the Confirmation of Aspelta and the challenge of succession
Aspelta's Coronation stela, image and translation, Napata, c.600-595 BCE
Aksum: Ezana's conquest stones and the challenge of war
Ezana's conquest stone, Meroe (c.360-350 CE)
Interpreting early written sources
Reflections upon the meaning of written sources
Further Reading
Linguistic Evidence and the Bantu Expansion
Chapter Objectives
The Problem the Bantu expansion
The method
Language classification and linguistic methods
Tree diagram for Great Lakes Bantu, present day extending backward
Tree diagram for Western Lakes (a portion of Great Lakes Bantu)
Word histories and social histories: How social historians use linguistic evidence
The Evidence
Western Lakes Bantu as a case study
Western Lakes terms for discussing power, c.200-1400
Constructing Dominion over the Land, c.200-1400
Exercise 1: Interpreting linguistic evidence of Nilo-Saharan languages
A section of the Nilo-Saharan language group (not all modern or historical languages shown)
Words from the Nilo-Saharan family, c.1 CE ��� Present
Further Reading
Archaeological Evidence for the Development of African Cities
Chapter Objectives
The Problem
Early African Cities
The Method
The practice of archaeology in Africa
Sequence Chart for Northern Upemba Depression
"Historians, are Archaeologists your Siblings?": Using archaeological evidence and evaluating archaeological studies
The Evidence
The Middle Niger as a case study
Discovery/Recovery, 1977
The Findings
Exercise 1: decoding a text on Benin City (in modern Nigeria)
Exercise 2: stratigraphy and association in Benin City
Stratigraphic analysis of Clerks' Quarters site, Benin, 1975
Exercise 3: analysis of Northern Upemba Depression (in modern Democratic Republic of Congo)
Exercise 4: Interpreting archaeological data
Further Readings
African Memories and Perspectives of the Atlantic Slave Trade
Chapter Objectives
The Problem
How did West and Central Africans understand and experience the Atlantic Slave Trade?
The Methods
Oral Histories
Sibell's Narrative, collected by John Ford, Barbados, 1799
Autobiographies and memoires
The autobiography of Venture Smith, Connecticut, 1798
Oral Tradition
"Kpele" dirge memorializing the effects of the Atlantic Slave Trade, Ghana, collected c.1970
The Evidence
Olaudah Equiano's Interesting Narrative as a memory of Africa during the era of the Atlantic slave trade
Olaudah Equaino's memories of Essaka, written in London, c.1789
Written and oral accounts of "cannibalism" and "witchcraft" as idioms for understanding the slave trade
The slave trade viewed through the idiom of cannibalism, 1659-1755
Oral traditions from Atorkor as a message from the past
Togbui Awusa's narrative, Ghana, collected c.2002
Exercise 1: Interpreting memory in oral and written form
Exercise 2: Ashy's narrative from Barbados
Ashy's Narrative ('Fantee'), transcribed by John Ford, Barbados, 1799
Further Readings
Islamic Sources and Version of Swahili Origins
Chapter Objectives
The Problem
"Origins" in African history and the Swahili past
The Method
Islamic sources in Africa
The production of sources as a guide to their meaning
The Source the Pate Chronicle
Excerpt from the Stigand Version of the Pate Chronicles, 1908, Lamu archipelago
Excerpt from the Werner version of the Pate Chronicles, 1911, Lamu archipelago
King-list of Pate from the Werner version of the Pate Chronicles
MS 177 version of the Pate Chronicles, c.1900, Lamu archipelago/Dar es Salaam
Tomalcheva's "stratigraphy" of versions of the Pate Chronicle
Pouwels' comparisons of king-lists in versions of the Pate Chronicles
Exercise 1: Exploring Swahili origins
Exercise 2: interpreting versions of thePate Chronicle
Further Reading
Intellectual History and Cultural Nationalism in West Africa
Chapter Objectives
The Problem
Who were nineteenth century West African intellectuals and how can we describe their projects?
The Method
Intellectual history through written sources
The Sources
The emergence of West African cultural nationalists
James Africanus Horton on self-government in West Africa
James Africanus Horton, West African Countries and Peoples, completed in the United Kingdom, 1868
John Mensah Sarbah on indigenous institutions of government
John Mensah Sarbah, Fanti National Constitution, Ghana, 1906
Exercise 1: analyzing Casely-Hayford's Gold Coast Native Institutions
J.E. Casely-Hayford, Gold Coast Native Institutions, Written in West Africa and published in the United Kingdom, 1903
Exercise 2: Cultural nationalism as a theme in intellectual histories
Further Reading
Planning, Photography, and the Struggle for Power in Colonial Africa
Chapter Objectives
The Problem
What was everyday life like for Africans under colonial rule?
The Method
"Power" as a concept in human societies
Architecture and urban planning as evidence of power relationships
Italian plan for colonial Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 1940
Photograph of Atakpame, Togoland, c.1910
European buildings in Palime, Togoland, c.1910
Women's March on the Union Buildings, Pretoria, South Africa, August 9, 1956
Photographs as evidence of power relationships
Hair dressing in Abokobi, Gold Coast (modern Ghana), c.1900-1904
"Is It Higher Wages at Last?", South Africa, 1960
The Evidence
Architecture and urban planning in Italian colonial North and North-East Africa
Arch by Rava in Somalia, 1935
Two neighboring "national" monuments in South Africa: the Voortrekker Monument and Freedom Park
The Voortrekker Monument, South Africa, completed 1949
Images from the "historical frieze", Voortrekker Monument
Freedom Park and Voortrekker Monument, Pretoria, 2009
Exercise 1: Interpreting the built environment
Exercise 2: City planning and architecture in Cape Town
"District Six: the Razzle and Dazzle Good, Bad Land", Cape Town, 1963
District six before and after forced removals, Cape Town
The Rhodes Memorial, Cape Town, 2009
Further Reading
Remembering Decolonization Through Ethnography and Popular Painting in Central Africa
Chapter Objectives
The Problem
How can we comprehend popular experiences of decolonization in Africa?
The Method
The challenge of understanding art as an historical source
The Sources
The Congo Crisis
Memory and Popular Paintings of the Congo Crisis
Two popular paintings from Democratic Republic of Congo, 1990s
Ethnographies of popular painters
Tshibumba Kanda Matulu (T) and Johannes Fabian (F) Democratic Republic of Congo, 1990s (representing 1960)
Tshibumba Kanda Matulu paintings, Democratic Republic of Congo, 1990s (representing 1960)
Tshibumba Kanda Matulu paintings, Democratic Republic of Congo, 1990s (representing 1960/1961)
Exercise 1: Interpretation of ethnography
Tshibumba Kanda Matulu, "The Deaths of Lumumba, Mpolo and Okito
Exercise 2: Representations of Lumumba
Tshibumba Kanda Matulu paintings, Democratic Republic of Congo, 1990s (representing 1960)
Interview between Fabian (F) and Tshibumba (T), Democratic Republic of Congo, 1990s
Further Readings
Literature and Decolonization in Africa
Chapter Objectives
The Problem
How did Africans perceive the causes, strategies, and effects of the struggle for independence?
The Method
Historicizing literature as a product of society
Excerpt from Lÿopold Sÿdar Senghor, "Message", c.1945, France/Senegal
Excerpts from Kobina Sekyi's "The Anglo-Fanti", c.1917-1918, Ghana
The role of literature in the formation of culture and politics
The Sources
Things Fall APart: Chinua Achebe's precolonial Africa from the inside
Achebe on themes in Things Fall APart, 1969-1981
Proverbs from Things Fall APart, 1958, Nigeria
First stanza of William Butler Yeats' The Second Coming, 1920, Ireland
God's Bits of Wood: Sembéne Ousmane's visions of the decolonization of Senegal
Excerpts from God's Bits of Wood, 1959-1960, Senegal
Excerpt from God's Bits of Wood
Gadjigo on reading God's Bits of Wood, 2007
Exercise 1: Interpreting novels by African authors
Exercise 2: Analyzing David Diop's "The Time of the Martyr"
D. Diop, "The Time of the Martyr"
Further Reading
Textbooks and Tribunals in the Aftermath of Crises
Chapter Objectives
The Problem
How do societies and individuals deal with the aftermath of crises?
The Method
Reading curricula and course materials
Textbook treatments of the 1913 Native Land Act, 1974/1999, South Africa
South African curriculum policy statements, 1962/2005, South Africa
Reading Testimonies
Testimony from the Special Court for Sierra Leone, 2006, Sierra Leone/Netherlands
The Evidence
The Truth and Reconciliation Commission in South Africa
The purposes of the TRC, 1994/1998, South Africa
Testimony of Sheila Thandiwe Bless, on the death of Zandisile Matiti, 1996, Queenstown, South Africa
Questions at the Amnesty Hearings, 1997, Cape Town, South Africa
Political groups submissions to the TRC, 1996, South Africa
The Gacaca Courts, 2001, Rwanda
A Lesson plan for Module III of the proposed Rwandan history curriculum, 2006, Rwanda
Exercise 1: Intepreting courtroom testimony
Further Readings
Anthropology and the Gendering of the Study of AIDS in Africa
Chapter Objectives
The Problem
Why has HIV/AIDS spread so fast and affected so many in Africa?
The Method
Relationships between anthropology and history
Gender as a category of analysis
The Sources
Studies of gender, sexuality, and sex in Uganda and South Africa
Theory in "African Sex is Dangerous!", Uganda, 2001-2003
Context in "African Sex is Dangerous!", Uganda, 2001-2003
Description in "African Sex is Dangerous!", Uganda, 2002-2003
Historical change in the meaning of isoka among isiZulu-speakers, South Africa, 1940s
Femininity among isiZulu-speakers, South Africa, 1920s and 1930s
Contemporary constructions of masculinity among isiZulu-speakers, South Africa, 2000s
Exercise 1: Interpreting ethnographic data
Further Readings
Epilogue: African histories and Histories of Africa
The Limitations of this book
Methods for exploring the past
The values of historical enquiry
Questions remaining
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