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Preface | |

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Acknowledgements | |

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Why Electrical Engineering? | |

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Introduction | |

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Electrical Engineering and a Successful Career | |

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What Do You Need to Know about EE? | |

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Real Career Success Stories | |

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Typical Situations Encountered on the Job | |

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On-the-Job Situation 1: Active Structural Control | |

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On-the-Job Situation 2: Chemical Process Control | |

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On-the-Job Situation 3: Performance of an Off-Road Vehicle Prototype | |

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Further Reading | |

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Fundamentals of Electric Circuits | |

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Introduction | |

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Charge and Current | |

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Voltage | |

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Respective Direction of Voltage and Current | |

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Kirchhoff's Current Law | |

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Kirchhoff's Voltage Law | |

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Ohm's Law and Resistors | |

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Resistivity of a Resistor | |

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Nonlinear Resistors | |

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Time-Varying Resistors | |

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Power and Energy | |

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Resistor-Consumed Power | |

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Independent and Dependent Sources | |

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Analysis of Circuits Using PSpice | |

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Bias Point Analysis | |

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Time Domain (Transient) Analysis | |

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Copy the Simulation Plot to the Clipboard to Submit Electronically | |

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What Did You Learn? | |

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Problems | |

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Resistive Circuits | |

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Introduction | |

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Resistors in Parallel and Series and Equivalent Resistance | |

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Voltage and Current Division/Divider Rules | |

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Voltage Division | |

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Current Division | |

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Nodal and Mesh Analysis | |

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Nodal Analysis | |

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Mesh Analysis | |

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Special Conditions: Super Node | |

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Thï¿½venin/Norton Equivalent Circuits | |

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Source Transformation | |

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Superposition Principle | |

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Maximum Power Transfer | |

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Analysis of Circuits Using PSpice | |

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What Did You Learn? | |

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Problems | |

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Capacitance and Inductance | |

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Introduction | |

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Capacitors | |

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the Relationship Between Charge, Voltage, and Current | |

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Power | |

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Energy | |

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Capacitors in Series and Parallel | |

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Series Capacitors | |

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Parallel Capacitance | |

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Inductors | |

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the Relationship Between Voltage and Current | |

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Power and Stored Energy | |

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Inductors in Series and Parallel | |

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Inductors in Series | |

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Inductors in Parallel | |

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Applications of Capacitors and Inductors | |

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Fuel Sensors | |

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Vibration Sensors | |

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Analysis of Capacitive and Inductive Circuits Using PSpice | |

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What Did You Learn? | |

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Problems | |

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Transient Analysis | |

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Introduction | |

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First-Order Circuits | |

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RC Circuits | |

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RL Circuits | |

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DC Steady State | |

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DC Steady State for Capacitive-Inductive Circuits | |

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Second-Order Circuits | |

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Series RLC Circuits with a DC Voltage Source | |

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Parallel RLC Circuits with a DC Voltage Source | |

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Transient Analysis with Sinusoid Forcing Functions | |

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Using PSpice to Investigate the Transient Behavior of RL and RC Circuits | |

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What Did You Learn? | |

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Problems | |

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Steady-State AC Analysis | |

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Introduction: Sinusoidal Voltages and Currents | |

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Root-Mean-Square (rms) Values (Effective Values) | |

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Instantaneous and Average Power | |

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Phasors | |

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Phasors in Additive or (Subtractive) Sinusoids | |

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Complex Impedances | |

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the Impedance of a Resistor | |

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the Impedance of an Inductor | |

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the Impedance of a Capacitor | |

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Series Connection of Impedances | |

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Parallel Connection of Impedances | |

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Steady-State Circuit Analysis Using Phasors | |

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Thï¿½venin and Norton Equivalent Circuits with Phasors | |

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Thï¿½venin Equivalent Circuits with Phasors | |

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Norton Equivalent Circuits with Phasors | |

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AC Steady-State Power | |

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Average Power | |

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Power Factor | |

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Reactive Power | |

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Complex Power | |

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Apparent Power | |

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Maximum Average Power Transfer | |

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Power Factor Correction | |

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Steady-State Circuit Analysis Using PSpice | |

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What Did You Learn? | |

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Problems | |

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Frequency Analysis | |

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Introduction | |

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First-Order Filters | |

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Transfer Functions | |

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Low-Pass Filters | |

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Magnitude and Phase Plots | |

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Decibels | |

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Bode Plot | |

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High-Pass Filters | |

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Cascaded Networks | |

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Second-Order Filters | |

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Band-Pass Filters | |

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Band-Stop Filters | |

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MATLAB Applications | |

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Frequency Response Analysis Using PSpice | |

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What Did You Learn? | |

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Problems | |

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Electronic Circuits | |

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Introduction | |

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P-Type and N-Type Semiconductors | |

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Diodes | |

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Diode Applications | |

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Different Types of Diodes | |

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AC-to-DC Converter | |

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Transistors | |

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Bipolar Junction Transistor | |

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Transistor as an Amplifier | |

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Transistors as Switches | |

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Field-Effect Transistors | |

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Design of NOT Gates Using NMOS Only for High-Density Integration | |

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Design of a Logic Gate Using CMOS | |

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Operational Amplifiers | |

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Using PSpice to Study Diodes and Transistors | |

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What Did You Learn? | |

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Further Reading | |

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Problems | |

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Power Systems and Transmission Lines | |

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Introduction | |

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Three-Phase Systems | |

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Introduction | |

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Phase Sequence | |

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Y-Connected Generators | |

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Y-Connected Loads | |

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ï¿½-Connected Loads | |

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ï¿½-Star and Star-ï¿½ Transformations | |

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Power in Three-Phase Systems | |

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Comparison of Star and ï¿½ Load Connections | |

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Advantages of Three-Phase Systems | |

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Transmission Lines | |

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Introduction | |

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Resistance (R) | |

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Different Types of Conductors | |

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Inductance (L) | |

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Capacitance | |

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Transmission Line Equivalent Circuits | |

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Using PSpice to Study Three-Phase Systems | |

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What Did You Learn? | |

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Further Reading | |

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Problems | |

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Fundamentals of Logic Circuits | |

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Introduction | |

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Number Systems | |

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Binary Numbers | |

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Hexadecimal Numbers | |

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Octal Numbers | |

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Boolean Algebra | |

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Boolean Inversion | |

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Boolean and Operation | |

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Boolean OR Operation | |

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Boolean NAND Operation | |

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Boolean NOR Operation | |

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Boolean XOR Operation | |

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Summary of Boolean Operations | |

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Rules Used in Boolean Algebra | |

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De Morgan's Theorems | |

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Commutativity Rule | |

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Associativity Rule | |

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Distributivity Rule | |

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Basic Logic Gates | |

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the NOT Gate | |

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the and Gate | |

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the OR Gate | |

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the NAND Gate | |

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the NOR Gate | |

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the XOR Gate | |

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the XNOR Gate | |

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Sequential Logic Circuits | |

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Flip-Flops | |

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Counter | |

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Using PSpice to Analyze Digital Logic Circuits | |

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What Did You Learn? | |

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Reference | |

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Problems | |

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Computer-Based Instrumentation Systems | |

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Introduction | |

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Sensors | |

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Pressure Sensors | |

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Temperature Sensors | |

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Accelerometers | |

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Strain-Gauges/Load Cells | |

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Acoustic Sensors | |

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Linear Variable Differential Transformers (LVDT) | |

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Signal Conditioning | |

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Amplifiers | |

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Active Filters | |

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Data Acquisition | |

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Analog Multiplexer | |

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Analog-to-Digital Conversion | |

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Grounding Issues | |

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Ground Loops | |

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Using PSpice to Demonstrate a Computer-Based Instrument | |

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What Did You Learn? | |

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Further Reading | |

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Problems | |

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Principles of Electromechanics | |

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Introduction | |

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Magnetic Fields | |

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Magnetic Flux and Flux Intensity | |

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Magnetic Field Intensity | |

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the Right-Hand Rule | |

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Forces on Charges by Magnetic Fields | |

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Forces on Current-Carrying Wires | |

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Flux Linkages | |

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Faraday's Law and Lenz's Law | |

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Magnetic Circuits | |

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Magnetomotive Force | |

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Reluctance | |

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Mutual Inductance and Transformers | |

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Mutual Inductance | |

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Transformers | |

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Different Types of Transformers | |

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Using PSpice to Simulate Mutual Inductance and Transformers | |

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What Did You Learn? | |

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Problems | |

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Electric Machines | |

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Introduction | |

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Features of Electric Machines | |

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Classification of Motors | |

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DC Motors | |

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Principle of Operation | |

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Assembly of a Typical DC Motor | |

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Operation of a DC Motor | |

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Losses in DC Machines | |

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Different Types of DC Motors | |

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Analysis of a DC Motor | |

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Shunt-Connected DC Motor | |

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Separately Excited DC Motors | |

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Permanent Magnet (PM) DC Motor | |

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Series-Connected DC Motor | |

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Summary of DC Motors | |

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Speed Control Methods | |

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Speed Control by Varying the Field Current | |

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Speed Control by Varying the Armature Current | |

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DC Generators | |

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the Architecture and Principle of Operation of a DC Generator | |

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emf Equation | |

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Different Types of DC Generators | |

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Load Regulation Characteristics of DC Generators | |

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Separately Excited DC Generator | |

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Shunt-Connected DC Generator | |

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AC Motors | |

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Three-Phase Synchronous Motors | |

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Three-Phase Induction Motor | |

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Losses in AC Machines | |

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Power Flow Diagram for an AC Motor | |

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AC Generators | |

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Construction and Working | |

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Winding Terminologies for the Alternator | |

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the emf Equation of an Alternator | |

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Special Types of Motors | |

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Single-Phase Induction Motors | |

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Stepper Motors | |

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Brushless DC Motors | |

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Universal Motors | |

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How is the Most Suitable Motor Selected? | |

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Setup of a Simple DC Motor Circuit Using PSpice | |

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What Did You Learn? | |

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Further Reading | |

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Problems | |

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Electrical Measurement Instruments | |

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Introduction | |

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Measurement Errors | |

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Basic Measurement Instruments | |

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An Ammeter Built Using a Galvanometer | |

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A Voltmeter Built Using a Galvanometer | |

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An Ohmmeter Built Using a Galvanometer | |

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Multi-Meters | |

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Time Domain and Frequency Domain | |

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the Time Domain | |

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the Frequency Domain | |

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Time Domain Versus Frequency Domain | |

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the Oscilloscope | |

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the Spectrum Analyzer | |

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Adjusting the Spectrum Analyzer's Display Window | |

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the Function Generator | |

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What Did You Learn? | |

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Problems | |

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Electrical Safety | |

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Introduction | |

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Electric Shock | |

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Shock Effects | |

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Shock Prevention | |

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Electromagnetic Hazards | |

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High-Frequency Hazards | |

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Low-Frequency Hazards | |

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Avoiding Radio Frequency Hazards | |

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Arcs and Explosions | |

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Arcs | |

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Blasts | |

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Explosion Prevention | |

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the National Electric Code | |

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Shock Prevention | |

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Fire Prevention | |

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What Did You Learn? | |

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References | |

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Problems | |

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Solving Linear Equations | |

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Laplace Transform | |

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Complex Numbers | |

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Selected Solutions | |

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Index | |