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Remote Sensing of the Environment An Earth Resource Perspective

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ISBN-10: 0131889508

ISBN-13: 9780131889507

Edition: 2nd 2007 (Revised)

Authors: John Jensen

List price: $239.99
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This popular book introduces the fundamentals of remote sensing from an earth resource (versus engineering) perspective. The author emphasizes the use of remote sensing data for useful spatial biophysical or socio-economic information that can be used to make decisions. Provides two new chapters on LIDAR Remote Sensing (Ch. 10) and In situ Spectral Reflectance Measurement (Ch. 15). Offers a thorough review of the nature of electromagnetic radiation, examining how the reflected or emitted energy in the visible, near-infrared, middle-infrared, thermal infrared, and microwave portions of the spectrum can be collected by a variety of sensor systems and analyzed. Employs a visually stimulating,…    
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Book details

List price: $239.99
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2007
Publisher: Pearson Education
Publication date: 5/11/2006
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 656
Size: 8.60" wide x 10.90" long x 1.30" tall
Weight: 3.740
Language: English

Remote Sensing of the Environment
In Situ Data Collection
Remote Sensing Data Collection
Maximal/Minimal Definitions
Remote Sensing Advantages and Limitations
The Remote Sensing Process
Statement of the Problem
Identification of In Situ and Remote Sensing Data Requirements
Remote Sensing Data Collection
Remote Sensing Data Analysis
Information Presentation
Earth Observation Economics
Earth Resource Analysis Perspective
Book Organization
Electromagnetic Radiation Principles
Conduction, Convection, Radiation
Electromagnetic Radiation Models
Wave Model of Electromagnetic Energy
The Particle Model - Radiation from Atomic Structures
Atmospheric Energy-Matter Interaction
Terrain Energy-Matter Interactions
Hemispherical Reflectance, Absorptance, and Transmittance
Radiant Flux Density
Atmospheric Energy-Matter Interactions Again
Energy-Matter Interactions at the Sensor
Target and Path Radiance
History of Aerial Photography and Aerial Platforms
History of Photography
Light and Color
The Camera Obscura
Invention of Light-sensitive Emulsions and Methods of Permanently Fixing the Image
Photography from Aerial Platforms
Lighter-Than-Air Flight Using Balloons
Lighter-Than-Air Flight Using Kites
Heavier-Than-Air Flight Using Rockets
Heavier-Than-Air Flight Using Pigeons, Gliders, and Aircraft
Photo-reconnaissance in WW I and WW II
Aerial Photography in World War I
Aerial Photography in World War II
Cold War Photo-Reconnaissance
Genetrix Reconnaissance Balloons
U-2 Aircraft Reconnaissance Program
The SR-71
Airborne Stealth Technology
Satellite Remote Sensing
Ongoing Satellite Sentinels
Unmanned Aerial Vehicles
Tactical and Endurance UAVs
UAV Payloads and Other Considerations
Commercial Remote Sensing Platforms
Aerial Photography - Vantage Point, Cameras, Filters, and Film
Vertical and Oblique Vantage Points
Vertical Aerial Photography
Oblique Aerial Photography
Aerial Cameras
Aerial Camera Components Compared with the Eye
Types of Aerial Cameras
Aerial Photography Filtration
Types, Sizes, and Colors of Filters
Aerial Photography Films
General Characteristics of Photographic Emulsions
Black-and-White Photographic Emulsions
Color Photographic Emulsions
Planning Aerial Photography Missions
Time of Day-Sun Angle
Flightline Layout
Elements of Visual Image Interpretation
The Aerial/Regional Perspective
Three-Dimensional Depth Perception
Obtaining Knowledge Beyond Our Human Visual Perception
Historical Image Record and Change Detection Documentation
Elements of Image Interpretation
Methods of Search
Using Collateral Information
Convergence of Evidence
The Multi-concept
Flightlines of Vertical Aerial Photography
Fiducial Marks and Principal Points
Geometry of Vertical Aerial Photography
Scale and Height Measurement on Single Vertical Aerial Photographs
Scale of a Vertical Aerial Photograph Over Level Terrain
Scale of a Vertical Aerial Photograph Over Variable Terrain
Height Measurement from Single Aerial Photographs
Stereoscopic Measurement of Object Height or Terrain Elevation
Fundamentals of Human Stereoscopy
Stereoscopy Applied to Aerial Photography
Stereoscopic Aerial Photography - How Does It Work?
Digital Elevation Models, Orthophotos, and Planimetric Features from Soft-copy Photogrammetry
Collection of Accurate Horizontal and Vertical Ground Control
Collection of Stereoscopic Aerial Photography or Other Remote Sensor Data
Image Digitization Technology
Soft-Copy Photogrammetry
Spot Elevations, Contours, and Digital Elevation Models
Creation of Digital Orthoimages
Extraction of Thematic Features of Interest
Area Measurement
Area Measurement of Well-known Geometric Shapes
Area Measurement of Irregularly Shaped Polygons
Multispectral Remote Sensing Systems
Digital Multispectral Data Collection
Digital Image Terminology
Remote Sensing Systems to be Examined
Multispectral Imaging Using Discrete Detectors and Scanning Mirrors
Earth Resource Technology Satellites and the Landsat Sensor Systems
NOAA Multispectral Scanner Sensors
ORBIMAGE and NASA Sea-viewing Wide Field of View Sensor (SeaWiFS)
Aircraft Multispectral Scanners
Multispectral Imaging Using Linear Arrays
SPOT Sensor Systems
Indian Remote Sensing Systems
Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER)
Multi-angle Imaging Spectroradiometer (MISR)
Very-High-Resolution Linear Array Remote Sensing Systems
Imaging Spectrometry Using Linear and Area Arrays
Airborne Visible Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS)
Compact Airborne Spectrographic Imager 1500
Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS)
Digital Frame Cameras Based on Area Arrays
Small-format Digital Data Collection: Leica Geosystems Emerge Sensor
Large-format Digital Data Collection: Z/1 Digital Modular Camera
Large-format Digital Data Collection: Vexcel UltraCam based on Area Arrays
Thermal Infrared Remote Sensing
History of Thermal Infrared Remote Sensing
Thermal Infrared Radiation Properties
Kinetic Heat, Temperature, Radiant Energy, and Radiant Flux
Methods of Transferring Heat
Thermal Infrared Atmospheric Windows
Thermal Radiation Laws
Stefan-Boltzmann Law
Wien's Displacement Law
Kirchoff's Radiation Law
Thermal Properties of Terrain
Thermal Infrared Data Collection
Thermal Infrared Remote Sensing Based on Multispectral Scanners
Thermal Infrared Remote Sensing Based on Area- and Linear-Arrays
Thermal Infrared Environmental Considerations
Diurnal Temperature Cycle of Typical Materials
Thermal Infrared Remote Sensing Examples
Water Pollution Monitoring: Thermal Effluent in the Savannah River
Water Pollution Monitoring: Leaking Septic Tanks
Thermal Infrared Residential Insulation Surveys
Thermal Infrared Commercial/Industrial Roof Moisture Surveys
Analysis of the Urban Heat Island Effect
Use of Thermal Infrared Imagery for Forestry Applications
Remote Sensing Plant Stress Degree Days
Active and Passive Microwave Remote Sensing
History of Active Microwave (RADAR) Remote Sensing
Active Microwave System Components
Sending and Receiving a Pulse of Microwave Energy - System Components
Slant-Range versus Ground-Range RADAR Image Geometry
Relief Displacement, Image Foreshortening, Layover, Shadows, and Speckle
Synthetic Aperture Radar Systems
RADAR Environmental Considerations
Surface Roughness Characteristics
Electrical Characteristics (Complex Dielectric Constant) and the Relationship with Moisture Content
Vegetation Response to Microwave Energy
Water Response to Microwave Energy
Urban Structure Response to Microwave Energy
SAR Remote Sensing from Space
Shuttle Imaging Radar SIR-A, SIR-B, SIR-C and Topography Mission
European Space Agency ERS-1 and ERS-2
European Space Agency Envisat ASAR
RADAR Interferometry
Interferometric Topographic Mapping
Interferometric Velocity Mapping
Passive Microwave Remote Sensing
Passive Microwave Radiometers
LIDAR Remote Sensing
LIDAR Principles
LIDAR Laser and Scanning System
LIDAR Laser Location
LIDAR Antenna Attitude (Orientation)
LIDAR Post-Processing of Multiple Returns
Extraction of First, Intermediate and/or Last Return DSMs
Extraction of Bare-Earth Digital Terrain Models
Accuracy of LIDAR Measurements
NSSDA Horizontal and Vertical Accuracy Assessment
Influence of Landcover, Slope, and Leaf-on/off Condition
LIDAR-derived Vegetation Information
LIDAR-derived Urban Information
Remote Sensing of Vegetation
Photosynthesis Fundamentals
Spectral Characteristics of Vegetation
Dominant Factors Controlling Leaf Reflectance
Temporal Characteristics of Vegetation
Natural Phenological Cycles
Managed Phenological Cycles
Vegetation Indices
Landscape Ecology Metrics
Landscape Indicators and Patch Metrics
Biodiversity and GAP Analysis
Remote Sensing of Vegetation Change
Remote Sensing Inland Wetland Successional Changes
Remote Sensing South African Agriculture
Remote Sensing of Water
Remote Sensing Surface Water Biophysical Characteristics
Water Surface, Subsurface Volumetric, and Bottom Radiance
Spectral Response of Water as a Function of Wavelength
Spectral Response of Water as a Function of Organic/Inorganic Constituents
Water Penetration and Bathymetry
Water Surface Temperature
Visible-Infrared Techniques
Active and Passive Microwave Techniques
Aerosols and Clouds
Water Vapor
Snow in the Visible Spectrum
Snow in the Middle-Infrared and Microwave Regions
Water Quality Modeling
An Integrated Remote Sensing and GIS Water Quality Model
Remote Sensing the Urban Landscape
National Spatial Data Infrastructure
Urban Resolution Considerations
Urban/Suburban Temporal Resolution Considerations
Urban/Suburban Spectral Resolution Considerations
Urban/Suburban Spatial Resolution Considerations
Remote Sensing Land Use and Land Cover
Land-Use/Land-Cover Classification Schemes
Urban Land-Use/Land-Cover Classification (Levels I to IV)
Residential Land Use
Commercial and Services Land Use
Industrial Land Use
Transportation Infrastructure
Communications and Utilities
Urban Digital Elevation Model Creation
Meteorological Data
Urban Hydrology
Critical Environmental Area Assessment
Disaster Emergency Response
Remote Sensing of Soils, Minerals, and Geomorphology
Soil Characteristics and Taxonomy
Soil Horizons
Soil Grain Size and Texture
Soil Taxonomy
Remote Sensing of Soil Properties
Soil Texture and Moisture Content
Soil Organic Matter and Biological Soil Crusts
Iron Oxide
Soil Salinity
Surface Roughness
Remote Sensing of Rocks and Minerals
Imaging Spectroscopy of Rocks and Minerals
Drainage Morphometry and Pattern
Igneous Landforms
Landforms Developed on Horizontal Strata
Landforms Developed on Folded Strata
Fault-Controlled Landforms
Fluvial Landforms
Karst Landforms
Shoreline Landforms
Glacial Landforms
Eolian Landforms
In Situ Reflectance Measurement
Spectral Reflectance of a Material
Reference Material
Illumination Considerations
In Situ Spectral Reflectance Measurement Using Solar Illumination
In Situ Spectral Reflectance Measurement Using Artificial Illumination
Soil Taxonomy
Characteristics of the Spectroradiometer Used to Obtain In Situ Reflectance
Spectral Region of Interest
Spectral Resolution
Spectral Sampling Interval
Spectrometer Design and Data Collection Speed
Viewing Geometry and Field of View
Candidate Spectroradiometers
Sources of Remote Sensing Information