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Introduction to Physics | |

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Physics and the Laws of Nature | |

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Units of Length, Mass, and Time | |

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Dimensional Analysis | |

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Significant Figures | |

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Converting Units | |

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Order-of-Magnitude Calculations | |

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Scalars and Vectors | |

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Problem Solving in Physics | |

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Tips for Solving the Problems | |

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One-Dimensional Kinematics | |

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Position, Distance, and Displacement | |

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Average Speed and Velocity | |

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Instantaneous Velocity | |

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Acceleration | |

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Motion with Constant Acceleration | |

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Applications of the Equations of Motion | |

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Freely Falling Objects | |

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Tips for Solving the Problems | |

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Vectors in Physics | |

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Scalars Versus Vectors | |

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The Components of a Vector | |

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Adding and Subtracting Vectors | |

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Unit Vectors | |

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Position, Displacement, Velocity, and Acceleration Vectors | |

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Relative Motion | |

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Tips for Solving the Problems | |

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Two-Dimensional Kinematics | |

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Motion in Two Dimensions | |

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Projectile Motion: Basic Equations | |

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Zero Launch Angle | |

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General Launch Angle | |

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Projectile Motion: Key Characteristics | |

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Tips for Solving the Problems | |

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Newton's Laws of Motion | |

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Force and Mass | |

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Newton's First Law of Motion | |

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Newton's Second Law of Motion | |

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Newton's Third Law of Motion | |

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The Vector Nature of Forces: Forces in Two Dimensions | |

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Weight | |

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Normal Forces | |

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Tips for Solving the Problems | |

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Applications of Newton's Laws | |

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Frictional Forces | |

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Strings and Springs | |

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Translational Equilibrium | |

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Connected Objects | |

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Circular Motion | |

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Tips for Solving the Problems | |

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Work and Kinetic Energy | |

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Work Done by a Constant Force | |

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Kinetic Energy and the Work-Energy Theorem | |

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Work Done by a Variable Force | |

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Power | |

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Tips for Solving the Problems | |

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Potential Energy and Conservation of Energy | |

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Conservative and Nonconservative Forces | |

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Potential Energy and the Work Done by Conservative Forces | |

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Conservation of Mechanical Energy | |

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Work Done by Nonconservative Forces | |

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Potential Energy Curves and Equipotentials | |

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Tips for Solving the Problems | |

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Linear Momentum and Collisions | |

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Linear Momentum | |

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Momentum and Newton's Second Law | |

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Impulse | |

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Conservation of Linear Momentum | |

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Inelastic Collisions | |

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Elastic Collisions | |

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Center of Mass | |

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Systems with Changing Mass: Rocket Propulsion | |

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Tips for Solving the Problems | |

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Rotational Kinematics and Energy | |

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Angular Position, Velocity, and Acceleration | |

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Rotational Kinematics | |

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Connections Between Linear and Rotational Quantities | |

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Rolling Motion | |

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Rotational Kinetic Energy and the Moment of Inertia | |

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Conservation of Energy | |

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Tips for Solving the Problems | |

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Rotational Dynamics and Static Equilibrium | |

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Torque | |

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Torque and Angular Acceleration | |

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Zero Torque and Static Equilibrium | |

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Center of Mass and Balance | |

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Dynamic Applications of Torque | |

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Angular Momentum | |

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Conservation of Angular Momentum | |

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Rotational Work and Power | |

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The Vector Nature of Rotational Motion | |

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Tips for Solving the Problems | |

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Gravity | |

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Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation | |

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Gravitational Attraction of Spherical Bodies | |

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Kepler's Laws of Orbital Motion | |

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Gravitational Potential Energy | |

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Energy Conservation | |

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Tides | |

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Tips for Solving the Problems | |

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Oscillations About Equilibrium | |

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Periodic Motion | |

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Simple Harmonic Motion | |

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Connections between Uniform Circular Motion and Simple Harmonic Motion | |

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The Period of a Mass on a Spring | |

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Energy Conservation in Oscillatory Motion | |

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The Pendulum | |

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Damped Oscillations | |

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Driven Oscillations and Resonance | |

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Tips for Solving the Problems | |

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Waves and Sound | |

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Types of Waves | |

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Waves on a String | |

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Harmonic Wave Functions | |

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Sound Waves | |

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Sound Intensity | |

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The Doppler Effect | |

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Superposition and Interference | |

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Standing Waves | |

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Beats | |

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Tips for Solving the Problems | |

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Fluids | |

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Density | |

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Pressure | |

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Static Equilibrium in Fluids: Pressure and Depth | |

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Archimedes' Principle and Buoyancy | |

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Applications of Archimedes' Principle | |

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Fluid Flow and Continuity | |

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Bernoulli's Equation | |

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Applications of Bernoulli's Equation | |

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Viscosity and Surface Tension | |

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Tips for Solving Problems | |

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Temperature and Heat | |

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Temperature and the Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics | |

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Temperature Scales | |

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Thermal Expansion | |

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Heat and Mechanical Work | |

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Specific Heats | |

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Conduction, Convection, and Radiation | |

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Tips for Solving the Problems | |

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Phases and Phase Changes | |

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Ideal Gases | |

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Kinetic Theory | |

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Solids and Elastic Deformation | |

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Phase Equilibrium and Evaporation | |

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Latent Heats | |

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Phase Changes and Energy Conservation | |

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Tips for Solving the Problems | |

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The Laws of Thermodynamics | |

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The Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics | |

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The First Law of Thermodynamics | |

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Thermal Processes | |

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Specific Heats for an Ideal Gas: Constant Pressure, Constant Volume | |

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The Second Law of Thermodynamics | |

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Heat Engines and the Carnot Cycle | |

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Refrigerators, Air Conditioners, and Heat Pumps | |

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Entropy | |

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Order, Disorder, and Entropy | |

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The Third Law of Thermodynamics | |

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Tips for Solving the Problems | |

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Electric Charges, Forces, and Fields | |

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Electric Charge | |

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Insulators and Conductors | |

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Coulomb's Law | |

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The Electric Field | |

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Electric Field Lines | |

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Shielding and Charging by Induction | |

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Electric Flux and Gauss's Law | |

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Tips for Solving the Problems | |

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Electric Potential and Electric Potential Energy | |

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Electric Potential Energy and the Electric Potential | |

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Energy Conservation | |

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The Electric Potential of Point Charges | |

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Equipotential Surfaces and the Electric Field | |

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Capacitors and Dielectrics | |

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Electrical Energy Storage | |

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Tips for Solving the Problems | |

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Electric Current and Direct-Current Circuits | |

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Electric Current | |

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Resistance and Ohm's Law | |

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Energy and Power in Electric Circuits | |

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Resistors in Series and Parallel | |

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Kirchhoff's Rules | |

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Circuits Containing Capacitors | |

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RC Circuits | |

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Ammeters and Voltmeters | |

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Tips for Solving the Problems | |

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Magnetism | |

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The Magnetic Field | |

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The Magnetic Force on Moving Charges | |

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The Motion of Charged Particles in a Magnetic Field | |

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The Magnetic Force Exerted on a Current-Carrying Wire | |

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Loops of Current and Magnetic Torque | |

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Electric Currents, Magnetic Fields, and Ampere's Law | |

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Current Loops and Solenoids | |

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Magnetism in Matter | |

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Tips for Solving the Problems | |

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Magnetic Flux and Faraday's Law of Induction | |

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Induced Electromotive Force | |

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Magnetic Flux | |

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Faraday's Law of Induction | |

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Lenz's Law | |

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Mechanical Work and Electrical Energy | |

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Generators and Motors | |

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Inductance | |

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RL Circuits | |

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Energy Stored in a Magnetic Field | |

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Transformers | |

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Tips for Solving the Problems | |

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Alternating-Current Circuits | |

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Alternating Voltages and Currents | |

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Capacitors in AC Circuits | |

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RC Circuits | |

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Inductors in AC Circuits | |

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RLC Circuits | |

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Resonance in Electrical Circuits | |

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Tips for Solving the Problems | |

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Electromagnetic Waves | |

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The Production of Electromagnetic Waves | |

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The Propagation of Electromagnetic Waves | |

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The Electromagnetic Spectrum | |

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Energy and Momentum in Electromagnetic Waves | |

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Polarization | |

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Tips for Solving the Problems | |

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Geometrical Optics | |

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The Reflection of Light | |

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Forming Images with a Plane Mirror | |

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Spherical Mirrors | |

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Ray Tracing and the Mirror Equation | |

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The Refraction of Light | |

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Ray Tracing for Lenses | |

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The Thin-Lens Equation | |

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Dispersion and the Rainbow | |

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Tips for Solving the Problems | |

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Optical Instruments | |

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The Human Eye and the Camera | |

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Lenses in Combination and Corrective Optics | |

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The Magnifying Glass | |

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The Compound Microscope | |

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Telescopes | |

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Lens Aberrations | |

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Tips for Solving the Problems | |

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Physical Optics: Interference and Diffraction | |

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Superposition and Interference | |

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Young's Two-Slit Experiment | |

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Interference in Reflected Waves | |

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Diffraction | |

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Resolution | |

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Diffraction Gratings | |

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Tips for Solving the Problems | |

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Relativity | |

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The Postulates of Special Relativity | |

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The Relativity of Time and Time Dilation | |

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The Relativity of Length and Length Contraction | |

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The Relativistic Addition of Velocities | |

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Relativistic Momentum | |

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Relativistic Energy and E = mc[superscript 2] | |

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The Relativistic Universe | |

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General Relativity | |

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Tips for Solving the Problems | |

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Quantum Physics | |

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Blackbody Radiation and Planck's Hypothesis of Quantized Energy | |

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Photons and the Photoelectric Effect | |

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The Mass and Momentum of a Photon | |

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Photon Scattering and the Compton Effect | |

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The de Broglie Hypothesis and Wave-Particle Duality | |

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The Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle | |

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Quantum Tunneling | |

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Tips for Solving the Problems | |

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Atomic Physics | |

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Early Models of the Atom | |

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The Spectrum of Atomic Hydrogen | |

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Bohr's Model of the Hydrogen Atom | |

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de Broglie Waves and the Bohr Model | |

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The Quantum Mechanical Hydrogen Atom | |

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Multielectron Atoms and the Periodic Table | |

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Atomic Radiation | |

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Tips for Solving the Problems | |

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Nuclear Physics and Nuclear Radiation | |

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The Constituents and Structure of Nuclei | |

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Radioactivity | |

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Half-Life and Radioactive Dating | |

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Nuclear Binding Energy | |

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Nuclear Fission | |

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Nuclear Fusion | |

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Practical Applications of Nuclear Physics | |

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Elementary Particles | |

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United Forces and Cosmology | |

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Tips for Solving the Problems | |