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Introduction to Geography People, Places, and Environment

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ISBN-10: 0131445456

ISBN-13: 9780131445451

Edition: 3rd 2005 (Revised)

Authors: Edward F. Bergman, William H. Renwick

List price: $112.80
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Book details

List price: $112.80
Edition: 3rd
Copyright year: 2005
Publisher: Prentice Hall PTR
Publication date: 3/2/2004
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 643
Size: 8.00" wide x 10.50" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 2.882
Language: English

All chapters end with Conclusion, Summary, Key Terms, Questions for Review and Discussion, Thinking Geographically, Suggestions for Further Learning, and Web Work
(These sections precede Focus On, Critical Thinking, and/or Regional Focus On in each chapter.)
List of Maps
Preface
About the Authors
Introduction to Geography
What is Geography?
The Development of Geography
Contemporary Approaches in Geography: Area Analysis
Spatial Analysis
Physical and Human Systems
Human-Environmental Interaction
Describing Earth: The Geographic Grid
Communicating Geographic Information: Maps
Geographic Information Technology
GIS: A Type of Database Software
Conclusion: Critical Issues for the Future
Focus On: National Standards for the Study of Geography
Cartograms
The Internet
Critical Thinking: Tombouctou
Grouping Countries; Naming Groups
Parks, Gardens, and Preserves
Regional Focus On: Utica, New York
Weather and Climate Energy and Weather: Incoming Solar Radiation
Storage of Heat in Land and Water
Heat Transfer Between the Atmosphere and Earth
Heat Exchange and Atmospheric Circulation
Precipitation: Condensation
Causes of Precipitation
Circulation Patterns: Pressure and Winds
Global Atmospheric Circulation
Seasonal Variations in Global Circulation
Ocean Circulation Patterns
Storms: Regional-Scale Circulation Patterns
The Weather on August 25, 1998
Climate: Air Temperature
Precipitation
Classifying Climate
Earth''s Climate Regions: Humid Low-Latitude Tropical Climates (A)
Dry Climates (BW and BS)
Warm Midlatitude Climates (C)
Cold Midlatitude Climates (D)
Polar Climates (E)
Climate Change: Climatic Change over Geologic Time
Possible Causes of Climatic Variation
Global Warming
Conclusion: Critical Issues for the Future
Focus On: El Nintilde;o/La Nintilde;a
Tornadoes
Critical Thinking: Climates in Urban Areas
Landforms Plate Tectonics: Earth''s Moving Crust
Types of Boundaries Between Plates
Rock Formation
Slopes and Streams: Weathering
Moving Weathered Material
Ice, Wind, and Waves: Glaciers
Impact of Past Glaciations
Effects of Wind on Landforms
Coastal Erosion
The Dynamic Earth: Rates of Landform Change
Environmental Hazards
Conclusion: Critical Issues for the Future
Critical Thinking: Wealth and Natural Hazards
Regional Focus On: Management of the Lower Mississippi River
Biogeochemical Cycles and the Biosphere The Biogeochemical Cycles: The Hydrologic Cycle
Water Budgets
Vegetation and the Hydrologic Cycle
Carbon, Oxygen, and Nutrient Flows in the Biosphere: The Carbon and Oxygen Cycles
Deforestation
Soils: Soil Formation
Soil Horizons
Thousands of Soils
Climate, Vegetation, Soil, and the Landscape
Soil Problems
Soil Fertility: Natural and Synthetic
Ecosystems: Ecosystem Processes
Biodiversity
Biomes: Global Patterns in the Biosphere: Forest Biomes
Savanna, Scrubland, and Open Woodland Biomes
Midlatitude Grassland Biome
Desert Biome
Tundra Biome
Natural and Human Effects on the Biosphere
Conclusion: Critical Issues for the Future
Focus On: Potential and Actual Evapotranspiration
Geography, Geographic Information Systems, and the Global Carbon Budget
Critical Thinking: Human-Dominated Systems
Fire and Chaparral in California
Population, Population Increase, and Migration
The Distribution and Density of Human Settlement: Population Density
World Population Growth: Population Projections
Rates of Population Increase Vary
Population Pyramids
The Demographic Transition
Is the Demographic Transition Model Still Relevant Today?
Changes in World Death Rates
Is Earth Overpopulated?
Other Significant Demographic Patterns: Sex Ratios in National Populations
The Aging Human Population
Migration: Prehistoric Human Migrations
The Migrations of Peoples since 1500
Migration Today: Refugees
The Impact of International Migration
Migration to Europe
Migrations of Asians
Migration to the United States and Canada
Conclusion: Critical Issues for the Future
Focus On: National Censuses
U.S. Census Bureau Categories
Critical Thinking: How Will You Retire?
The East-West Exchange of Disease
Is Immigration a Substitute for Education?
Cultural Geography Cultural Evolution Contrasts with Cultural Diffusion: Theories of Cultural Evolution
Cultures and Environments
Cultural Diffusion
Identity and Behavioral Geography: Grouping Humans by Culture, Race, Ethnicity, and Identity
Behavioral Geography
Culture Realms: Problems in Defining Great Culture Regions
Visual Clues to Culture Realms
Forces that Stabilize the Pattern of Culture Realms
Trade and Cultural Diffusion
World Trade and Cultural Diffusion Today
The Acceleration of Diffusion
The Challenge of Change
The Global Diffusion of European Culture: Europe''s Voyages of Contact
Economic Growth Increased Europe''s Power
Cult