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Optics for Technology Students

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ISBN-10: 0130112941

ISBN-13: 9780130112941

Edition: 2001

Authors: Robert O. Naess

List price: $179.80
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For courses in Electrical Technology, Fiber Optics, and Fiber Optic Communications. This comprehensive introduction for the pre-calculus student presents the fundamentals of optics for those with little or no prior training in the subject. The book's accessible format requires a foundation in only algebra and geometry and presents the applications and physics of optics principles as geometrical optics and the wave motion for light.
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Book details

List price: $179.80
Copyright year: 2001
Publisher: Prentice Hall PTR
Publication date: 4/4/2000
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 362
Size: 7.50" wide x 9.25" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.034
Language: English

Light
Objectives
The Nature of Light
Radiant Energy
Speed/Frequency/Wavelength
Rays and Wavefronts
Starting Conditions
Reality and the Analytical Method
A Hint at What Is Ahead
Polarized Light
Calculating Illumination from a Light Source
Summary
Questions and Problems
Glass
Objectives
What Is Glass?
Physical Imperfections
Special Case
Mechanical Properties of Glass
Light/Glass Interaction
General Discussion
Index of Refraction
Dispersion
How Glass Is Catalogued
Operating Values
Precision of Measurement and Degree of Imperfections
Light Losses Passing through Glass
Reflection Loss at Entry
Transmission Loss in Transit through Glass
Reflection Loss at Exit
Overall Loss
Quality and Physical Form
How Glass Is Shaped
Centering
Edging
Summary
Questions and Problems
Reflection
Objectives
Reflection: What Is It?
General Discussion
Why We See What We See
Reflection's Geometry
Reflection from a Flat Surface
Finding Object and Image Positions
Applications of Flat Mirrors
The Optical Lever
Two-Mirror Reflectors
The Porro Mirror or Porro Prism
The Penta Mirror or Penta Prism
The Corner Reflector
Image Changes at Reflecting Surfaces
Reflection from Curved Mirrors
General Ground Rules
Curvature/Center/Focus Point
Object/Image/Ray Tracing
Object-Image Height Relationships
Summary
Questions and Problems
Refraction
Objectives
General Concepts
Wavefront Action
Snell's Law
Total Internal Reflection
Dispersion
Summary
Questions and Problems
Prisms and Plates
Objectives
General Description
Plates
Prisms
How Light Passes through a Prism
Special Purpose Prisms
The Penta Prism
Other Prisms
The Development of the Lens
Summary
Questions and Problems
The Thin Lens
Objectives
General Description
Mechanical Characteristics of Lenses
The Aspect Ratio
The Lens as an Optical Element
The Anatomy of the Lens
Refraction through a Lens
Action When a Light Ray Enters a Lens
Action When in Transit through the Lens
Action When the Light Leaves the Lens
The Power of a Lens R[subscript 1] and R[subscript 2]
The Diopter
Calculation of Power
Bending the Lens
Calculating the Focal Length of the Lens
The Principal Plane
Creation and Location of the Image
Image Location by Ray Tracing
Universal Ray Trace Concept
Image Location by Calculation
Determining the Image Height
Depth of Focus
Depth of Field
Summary
Question and Problems
The Thick Lens
Objectives
General Description
"Black Box" Analysis of an Optical Imaging Device
The Concept of the Thick Lens
Calculating f' and Locating P[subscript 1] and P[subscript 2] for the Thick Lens
The Anatomy of the Thick Lens
Locating Principal Planes Mathematically
Sign Convention
Ray-Tracing Procedures
Summary
Questions and Problems
Lens Aberrations
Objectives
General Discussion
The Seidel Aberrations Described
Spherical Aberration
Coma
Astigmatism
Field Curvature
Distortion
Longitudinal Chromatic (Color) Aberration
Lateral Chromatic Aberration
Summary
Questions and Problems
Lens Combinations
Objectives
General Discussion
Compound Lens Forms
Calculating Compound Lenses
General Discussion
Equations
The Barlow Lens
Combining More than Two Elements
What the Lens Designers Supply to You
Development of a Doublet
Lens Design Data Format
Summary
Questions and Problems
Ray Tracing
Objectives
General Discussion
The Ray-Tracing Procedure
Input Data Format
Making the Calculations
Setting Up the Drawing Paper
Locating and Showing P[subscript 1], P[subscript 2], and F[subscript 2]
Starting the Ray-Trace Drawing
Completing the Ray-Trace Drawing
Ray-Tracing Procedures
Overview
Ray-Tracing Rules
Summary
The Human Eye
Objectives
General Discussion
Construction of the Eye
The Cornea
The Aqueous Humor
The Iris
The Crystalline Lens
The Vitreous Humor
The Retina
Optical Characteristics of the Normal Eye
Seeing: Abilities and Limitations
Accommodation: the Mechanism of Imaging
Acuity
Night Vision
Eye Defects
Myopia
Hyperopia (Hypermetropia)
Astigmatism
Color Blindness
Visual Acuity and Resolution
Summary
Questions and Problems
Representative Instruments
Objectives
Introduction
Telescopes
General Description
Magnification
The Galilean Telescope
Astronomical Telescopes
Reticles, Graticules, or Cross Hairs
Terrestrial Telescopes
Focusing the Terrestrial Telescope
Binoculars
The Optical Sight
Range Finders
Periscopes
General Description
The Optical Relay
The Optical Schematic of the Periscope
Microscopes
The Simple Microscope
The Compound Microscope
Variations on the Basic Microscope
Projectors
Summary
Questions and Problems
Lasers and Coherent Light
Objectives
Coherent vs. Incoherent Light
Laser Operation
General Discussion of Laser Action
The Anatomy of Common Lasers
Mechanical and Optical Stability
Laser Uses
Summary
Optical Fibers
Objectives
A Basic Communication System
Fiber Characteristics
How Fibers Work
Core and Cladding Material
Critical Angle
Acceptance Cone Angle
Dispersion vs. Pulse Width
End Connections and Other Degrading Situations
Bends in the Fiber
Fiber-to-Fiber Alignment Errors
Other Applications for Optical Fibers
Summary
Questions and Problems
Fiber Feeders and Detectors
Objectives
General Conditions
Feeders (Transmitters)
LEDs
Injection Lasers
Detectors (Receivers)
Summary
Diffraction and Interference
Objectives
Diffraction
General Discussion
Huygens' Principle
The Airy Disk
System Resolution and the Resolution Limit
Interference
Basic Action When Two Waves Interfere
Young's Experiment
Special Devices
Newton's Rings in Soap Bubbles and Oil Films
Newton's Rings in Testing Glass Surface Curvatures
Interferometers
The Michelson Interferometer
Other Types of Interferometers
Summary
Questions and Problems
Lens Testing
Objectives
Reasons for Testing
Types of Tests
Shop Tests
Test Measurements
Wavefront Aberration
Spread Function
Edge Trace
Encircled Energy
Bar Target (Square Wave) Contrast
Modulation Transfer Function (Sine Wave Contrast)
Optical Transfer Function
Summary
Mechanical Design
Objectives
Basic Mechanics of Materials
Force
Strength
Special Conditions
Mechanical Considerations for Mounting the Lens
Mountings
Lens Mounting Styles
Degrees of Freedom
Measurements
Precision and Accuracy
Errors and Mistakes
Legitimate Math Manipulation of Data
Summary
Questions and Problems
Optical Tooling
Objectives
General Discussion
What Is Optical Tooling?
Evolution of Special Requirements
Theodolites
Target Geometry and Seeing
Flat Illumination
High Contrast
Pattern Symmetry
Proper Areas for Reference
Instruments Used in Optical Tooling
The Alignment Telescope
The Jig Transit
Summary
Bibliography
n[subscript d] Versus Specific Gravity
Graph of n[subscript d] Versus v[subscript d] From Glass Catalog
Catalog Data for BK1 Glass
Light Absorption in Glass
Tutorial for Points-Slopes-Circles
Introduction
The Point
The Slope
The Line
Characteristics of the Line
Lines Defined Mathematically
The Two-Point Form
The Point-Slope Form
The Circle
Application
The Barlow Lens Calculations
Analysis of Figure 9-4a
Analysis of Figure 9-4b
Summary of the Above
A Presentation of Optical System Design Data
An Explanation of the Symbols Shown Above
Determining Sagittal Heights
The Greek Alphabet
Optics Equations
Glossary
Index