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Taking Sides Clashing Views on Controversial Issues in World History

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ISBN-10: 0072548665

ISBN-13: 9780072548662

Edition: 2002

Authors: Joseph Mitchell, Helen Buss Mitchell

List price: $24.69
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This debate-style reader is designed to introduce students to controversies in world history. The readings, which represent the arguments of leading historians and educators, reflect a variety of viewpoints.
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Book details

List price: $24.69
Copyright year: 2002
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Higher Education
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 351
Size: 5.75" wide x 8.75" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.100
Language: English

Joseph Mitchell came to New York City in 1929 from a small town in North Carolina. He was twenty-one years old. He worked as a reporter & feature writer--for "The World", "The Herald Tribune", & "The World Telegram"--for eight years, & then went to "The New Yorker", where he remained until his death in 1996.

The Ancient World ISSUE
Did Homo Sapiens Originate in Africa? YES
Christopher Stringer and Robin McKie, from African Exodus
The Origins of Modern Humanity NO
Milford Wolpoff and Rachel Caspari, from Race and Human Evolution Science researcher
Christopher Stringer and science writer
state that modern humans first developed in Africa
and then spread to other parts of the world
Paleoanthropologists Milford Wolpoff and Rachel Caspari counter that modern humans developed simultaneously in different parts of the world
Were the Aryans Responsible for the Demise of the Indus Valley Civilization? YES
Stanley Wolpert, from A New History of India, 6th ed
NO: Jonathan Mark Kenoyer, from Ancient Cities of the Indus
Valley Civilization Historian Stanley Wolpert states that the Aryan invasion of the Indus
Valley did occur and that it played a role in the demise of the Indus Valley civilization
Archaeologist Jonathan Mark Kenoyer counters that there is little proof
that the Aryan invasion occurred and that the decline of the Indus
Valley civilization was due to internal environmental and social conditions
Was Egyptian Civilization African? YES
Clinton Crawford, from Recasting Ancient Egypt in the African Context
Toward a Model Curriculum Using Art and Language NO
Kathryn A. Bard, from "Ancient Egyptians and the Issue of Race"
in Mary R. Lefkowitz and Guy MacLean Rogers, eds
Black Athena Revisited Clinton Crawford, an assistant professor who specializes in African arts and languages as communications systems
asserts that evidence from the fields of anthropology
linguistics, and archaeology proves that the ancient Egyptians and the culture
they produced were of black African origin
Assistant professor of archaeology Kathryn A
Bard argues that although black African
sources contributed to the history and culture of ancient Egypt
its civilization was basically multicultural in origin
Was Sumerian Civilization Exclusively Male Dominated? YES
Chester G. Starr, from A History of the Ancient World NO
Samuel Noah Kramer, from "Poet and Psalmists
Goddesses and Theologians
Literary, Religious, and Anthropological Aspects of the Legacy of Sumer"
in Denise Schmandt-Besserat, ed
The Legacy of Sumer
Invited Lectures on the Middle East at the University of Texas at Austin
Historian Chester G. Starr finds Sumerian society to be male dominated, from the gods to human priests and kings
and he barely acknowledges the status of women in either the heavenly or the earthly realm
Museum curator Samuel Noah Kramer relies on much of the same data as Starr
but finds powerful goddesses and earthly women to have played prominent roles in both cosmic and everyday Sumerian life
Does Alexander the Great Merit His Exalted Historical Reputation? YES
N. G. L. Hammond, from The Genius of Alexander the Great NO
Ian Worthington, from "How 'Great'' Was Alexander?"
The Ancient History Bulletin Professor emeritus of Greek N. G. L
Hammond states that research has proven that Alexander the Great is deserving of his esteemed historical reputation
Professor Ian Worthington counters that Alexander''s actions were self-serving and eventually weakened his Macedonian homeland
therefore, he does not merit the historical reputation he has been given
Did Christianity Liberate Women? YES
Karen L. King, from "Women in Ancient Christianity
The New Discoveries", a Report From Frontline No
Karen Armstrong, from The Gospel According to Woman
Christianity''s Creation of the Sex War in the West Professor
of New Testament studies and the history of ancient Christianity Karen L. King presents evidence from biblical and other recently discovered ancient texts to illuminate women''s
active participation in early Christianity--as disciples
and teachers
Professor of religious studies Karen Armstrong finds in the early
Christian Church examples of hosti