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Organic Electronics in Sensors and Biotechnology

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ISBN-10: 0071596755

ISBN-13: 9780071596756

Edition: 2009

Authors: Ruth Shinar, Joseph Shinar

List price: $222.95
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Book details

List price: $222.95
Copyright year: 2009
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education
Publication date: 7/9/2009
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 448
Size: 6.25" wide x 9.25" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 1.738
Language: English

Ruth Shinar is a Senior Scientist at the Microelectronics Research Center of the Institute of Physical Research and Technology and Adjunct Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering at Iowa State University.Joseph Shinar a senior physicist in the Ames Laboratory, U.S. Department of Energy, and a professor of Physics and Astronomy and of Electrical and Computer Engineering at Iowa State University.

Contributors
Preface
Scaling Effects in Organic Transistors and Transistor-Based Chemical Sensors
Scaling Behavior in Organic Transistors
Charge Transport in Polycrystalline Organic Semiconductors (Intragrain and Intergrain)
Characterization of Nanoscale Organic Transistors
Channel Length and Temperature Dependence of Charge Transport in Organic Transistors
Field-Dependent Mobility Model for the Scaling Behavior of Charge Transport
Charge Transport in sub-10-nm Organic Transistors
Scaling Behavior of Chemical Sensing with Organic Transistors
General Introduction to Organic Transistors for Sensing Applications
Vapor Sensing in Micron-Sized Organic Transistors and Trapping at Grain Boundaries
Transition of Sensing Response by Organic Transistors from Micron-Scale to Nanoscale
Discussions on the Scaling Behavior of Sensing Response: Role of Grain Boundaries and Contact
Sensor Response to Different Analytes and the Function of Receptors
The Unified Picture of Scaling Behavior of Charge Transport and Chemical Sensor
References
Organic Thin-Film Transistors for Inorganic Substance Monitoring
Inorganic Substance Monitoring for Early Diagnosis
OTFT-Based Sensors: A Bird's-Eye View
Anthracene-Based Organic Thin-Film Transistors as Inorganic Analyte Sensors
Introduction
New Materials for OTFT Sensing Applications
Device Performance
Gas Sensing Measurements
Gold Nanoparticle-Modified FET Sensors for NOx Detection
Introduction
New Materials
Key Features of the Nanostructured Active Layers
Gas Sensing Results and Perspectives of the Study
References
Strain and Pressure Sensors Based on Organic Field-Effect Transistors
Introduction
Working Principles of Organic Field-Effect Transistor Sensors
Strain and Pressure Sensors
State of the Art in Strain and Pressure Sensors Based on Organic Materials
Substrate-Free Organic Thin-Film Strain and Pressure Sensors
Applications for Organic Field-Effect Transistor Sensors
Artificial Sense of Touch
E-Textiles
References
Integrated Pyroelectric Sensors
Electrical Semiconductor and Dielectric Analysis
Impedance Spectroscopy (Basics, Impedance Elements, Ideal and Nonideal MIS Structures)
The IS of an Organic MIS Structure
Charge-Time Behavior of Capacitive Multilayers
Integrated Pyroelectric Sensors
Introduction
Theoretical Background-Pyroelectricity
Pyroelectric Polymer Materials
Description of the Sensor Part
Description of Transistor Part
Acknowledgment
References
Progress and Challenges in Organic Light-Emitting Diode-Based Chemical and Biological Sensors
Introduction
Structurally Integrated OLED/Sensing Component Modules
Sensors Based on Oxygen Monitoring
Advances in Monitoring Gas-Phase and Dissolved Oxygen
Multianalyte Sensing
Sensors for Foodborne Pathogens
OLED Sensing Platform Benefits and Issues
OLED/Sensing Component/Photodetector Integration
Concluding Remarks
References
An Introduction to Organic Photodetectors
Introduction
Conventional Photodetectors
OPV Devices
Device Architectures
Device Fabrication
Current-Voltage Characteristics
The Equivalent Circuit
Device Characteristics
Spectral Response
Rise Time and Cutoff Frequency
Intrinsic Photodiode Noise Characteristics
Measuring a Current
The Transimpedance Amplifier
The Charge Integrator
The State of the Art
Capacitance
Shunt Resistance
Spectral Response
Gain
Technology and Applications
Printed and Flexible Devices
X-Ray Imaging
Diagnostics
Conclusions
Appendix: Noise Analysis
Determining the Thermal Noise of a Resistor
Calculating the Output Noise Voltage
References
Organic Semiconductor Lasers as Integrated Light Sources for Optical Sensors
Introduction
Organic Semiconductor Lasers
Distributed Feedback Resonators
Organic Semiconductor Energy Transfer Systems
Optical Pumping
Prospects for Organic Laser Diodes
Fabrication
Master Fabrication: Electron Beam Lithography
Master Fabrication: Direct Laser Writing
Master Fabrication: Laser Interference Lithography
Master Fabrication: Laser Interference Ablation
Replication: Imprint Techniques
Replication: Cast Molding and Photolithography
Active Layer Deposition
Integrated Optical Sensor Systems
Sensing Schemes
Integration of Organic Lasers in Optical Sensor Systems
Conclusions
References
Organic Electronics in Memories and Sensing Applications
Functional Organic Materials
Organic Semiconductors
DNA
Electroactive Polymers
Single-Element Devices
Memory Elements
Single-Element Temperature and Pressure Sensors
Light Sensors
Large-Area Pressure and Temperature Sensors
Summary
Acknowledgments
References
Luminescent Conjugated Polymers for Staining and Characterization of Amyloid Deposits
Introduction
Luminescent Conjugated Polymers
Definition and Examples
Optical Properties
Conjugated Polymers as Optical Sensors
Amyloid Fibrils and Protein Aggregation Diseases
Formation of Amyloid Fibrils
Protein Aggregation Diseases
Methods for Detection and Structural Characterization of Amyloid Fibrils
Luminescent Conjugated Polymers as Amyloid Specific Dyes
Detection of Amyloid Fibrils in Solution
Histological Staining of Amyloid Deposits in Tissue Samples
Toward in Vivo Staining of Amyloid Deposits
References
Electrophoretically Deposited Polymers for Organic Electronics
Introduction
Electrophoretic Deposition
Definition
Principle of EPD
Theory of EPD
Parameters Influencing EPD
Materials for EPD
Applications of EPD
Photon Crystal Technology
Light-Emitting Diodes
Organic Photocells
Biosensors
Scope of Electrophoretically Deposited Polymers
References
Electrochemical Surface Switches and Electronic Ion Pumps Based on Conjugated Polymers
Electronic Control of Surface Properties
Wettability Switches Based on Conducting Polymers
Surface Switches Based on P3AT, PPy, and PANI
Integration of Wettability Switches in Microfluidic Systems
Electronic Control of Cell Seeding and Proliferation Using Surface Switches
Electronic Ion Pumps Based on PEDOT:PSS
Electronic Control of Proton Oscillations
Electronic Ion Pumps to Regulate Intracellular Ca2+ Signaling
Acknowledgments
References
Index