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Autism Spectrum Disorders from a to Z Assessment, Diagnosis... and More!

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ISBN-10: 1932565078

ISBN-13: 9781932565072

Edition: 2004

Authors: Barbara T. Doyle, Emily Doyle Iland

List price: $34.95
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Book details

List price: $34.95
Copyright year: 2004
Publisher: Future Horizons, Incorporated
Publication date: 1/1/2004
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 462
Size: 8.00" wide x 10.50" long x 1.10" tall
Weight: 2.816
Language: English

Doyle is a Special Education professional with 32 years of experience in developmental disability services. She is a consultant in private practice, who is well known for her practical and positive approaches to addressing the needs of children and adults with disabilities, specializing in ASD.

Iland is the mother of Tom (who has an Autism Spectrum Disorder). She is paving a path to support her son in educational and social settings. She now actively advocates for professionals, families and children, sharing her knowledge and experience to support and inspire others. She is working on a variety of projects and is the California Representative of the Universtiy of Minnesota's Yes I Can Program for Social Inclusion.

Dedication
Disclaimer
Introduction
About the authors
Introduction from Emily
Introduction from Barbara
Purpose of the book
Terms used
Who this book is intended to help
Who should read this book?
Understanding Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD)
The Diagnostic Process
Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD): the Umbrella Category
PDD and ASD Overlap and Are Often Used Interchangeably
Discussion of the Term "ASD"
Characteristics of ASD
Range of Effects
The Range of Effects in ASD
Common Misperceptions About ASD
Implications of ASD
Learning Strengths and Areas of Difficulty of People with ASD
Chapter Summary
Considerations in the Diagnosis of ASD
Recognizing the Need to Get a Professional Opinion
Making the Connection with ASD
Difficulty and Differences Using Diagnostic Terms
Differential Diagnosis
Barriers to Accurate Diagnosis: Not Recognizing Autism
ASD, By Many Other Names
"Labels" Within ASD
What Difference the Diagnosis Makes
Diagnostic Criteria, Explained
Autistic Disorder
Pervasive Developmental Disorder
Asperger Syndrome (AS)
AS and High Functioning Autism (HFA): Same or Different?
ASD and ADD Similarities
ASD and ADD Diferences
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD)?
Questions to Ask
ADHD Criteria
ASD and Hyperlexia
ASD, Semantic Pragmatic Disorder and Nonverbal Learning Disorder
Autism Spectrum Disorder and Cognitive Disabilities
Chapter Summary
Sources
Beginning the Process of Assessment and Diagnosis
Options in Diagnosis: Who Can Diagnose
The Role of the School System
The Role of the Parent
The Role of Adult Service Providers and Agencies
Options for Adults Referring Themselves for Diagnosis
Emotions and the Assessment Process
How Parents Can Help Professionals with the Diagnostic Process
Preparing a Written Personal History
Adults Piece the Puzzle Together
What to Include in the Developmental History
Matt's Story
Laura's Timeline
About Alex
The Role of Teachers
Chapter Summary
Sources
The Assessment Process
What is an Assessment?
The Purpose of Assessment
The Assessment Cycle
Components of a Comprehensive Assessment
The Assessment Team
Challenges in the Assessment Process for Professionals, Parents and Individuals
Individualizing Assessments
Parent and Professional Collaboration for Optimal Assessments
Practical Strategies to Improve the Assessment Process
Unusual, but Important Considerations
Home Visits to Help the Assessment Process
Helping the Child or Adult Cope with the Stress of Evaluations
Qualifications of Professionals Doing Assessments
Chapter Summary
Types of Assessments and What They Measure
Pinpointing Development
Methods to Measure Skills and Report Results
Reporting of Test Scores
Duplication that Should be Avoided
Areas of Assessment
Psychiatric or Neurological
Medical
Educational and Psycho-Educational
Speech and Language/Communication
Social Skills
Functional Behavioral Analysis
Occupational Therapy/Sensory Integration
Adaptive Physical Education
Audiology
Auditory Processing
Vision
Visual Processing
Assistive Technology
Chapter Summary
Sources
Differences in Opinion and Diagnosis
Why Disagreement Can Arise
Steps to Take if There is Disagreement
What to Do if a Different Diagnosis is Reached and You Don't Think it is Correct?
Changing Diagnosis for and Adult
Chapter Summary
Reacting to the Diagnosis
Parents Receive the News
Emotional Responses
Positive Reactions
What Parents and Staff Can Do
Getting a Diagnosis as an Adult
The Reactions of Teens to the Diagnosis
The Reactions of Children Learning of Their Diagnosis
The Reactions of Other Family Members
The Reactions of Teachers and Staff
Chapter Summary
Supporting the Family of a Person with ASD
Emotional Issues and Needs of the Family
Partner or Marriage Issues
Sibling Issues
Services and Supports to Help Families Cope
Support Groups
Respite
Supports Across Environments
Support Through the Lifespan
Practical Steps to Prepare for the Future, Starting Now
How Professionals and Staff Can Be Supportive
Training and Information for Parents and Staff
Staff and Parents Learning Together
Becoming Politically Proactive
Chapter Summary
Sharing Information About People with ASD
Confidentiality vs. Secrecy
Issues About Diagnostic Labels
Who Needs to Know About the Diagnosis?
Circle of Friends for Talking About ASD
How Do We Tell Them?
Letter to Classmates and Their Families
What I Would Like You to Know
A Letter From Angie
A Letter From Trevor
What About Resistance?
Telling the Child, Teen or Adult About ASD
Need for Awareness and Self-advocacy
The "Chats:" One Way to Talk to Children
Parent and Professional Collaboration
Two Ways to Explain to Typical Peers or Siblings
Chapter Summary
Cause and Cure
Theories About the Cause of ASD
Challenges to Researchers
Occurrence of Autism: Is Autism on the Rise?
The Medical Model
The Genetic Component
Neurology: Understanding the Brain and Central Nervous System
Autism: Components of Cause
Biochemistry of the Brain
Anatomy of the Brain
Problems During Pregnancy and Birth
Epidemiology
Biomedical Theories of Cause
Why a Theory of Cause May Cause Controversy
Autoimmunity
Viruses
Mumps, Measles and Rubella Vaccine
Heavy Metals, Including Mercury
Diet, Nutrition and Digestion
Is There a Cure?
Evaluating Cures and Treatments: 12 Questions to Ask
Cooperative Empowerment: Doing What Can Be Done Now
Chapter Summary
Sources
Endnotes