Skip to content

Protecting the Self Defense Mechanisms in Action

Spend $50 to get a free DVD!

ISBN-10: 1593852983

ISBN-13: 9781593852986

Edition: 2006

Authors: Phebe Cramer

Shipping box This item qualifies for FREE shipping.
Blue ribbon 30 day, 100% satisfaction guarantee!
what's this?
Rush Rewards U
Members Receive:
Carrot Coin icon
XP icon
You have reached 400 XP and carrot coins. That is the daily max!


Integrating theory, research and practical applications, this text provides a comprehensive examination of defense mechanisms and their role in both normal development and psychopathology.
Customers also bought

Book details

Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: Guilford Publications
Publication date: 5/18/2006
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 384
Size: 6.50" wide x 9.25" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 1.760
Language: English

Phebe Cramer, PhD, is Professor of Psychology at Williams College, in Williamstown, Massachusetts, and a practicing clinical psychologist.

Defenses in Everyday Life
Why Study Defenses?
Defenses Occur Every Day
What Is a Defense Mechanism?
Distinction from Coping Mechanisms
Distinction from Defensiveness
Defenses as Part of Normal Development
The Developmental Theory of Defenses
The Importance of Understanding What Defenses Are and How They Function
Problems of Defense Assessment
The Present Book
General Issues to Be Addressed
Development of Defenses
Biological Origins of Defense Mechanisms
A Theory of Defense Mechanism Development
Early Research Studying Children and Defense Mechanisms
The Use of Narrative Material to Study Children's Use of Defenses
Are Defenses Being Assessed?: The Validity of the DMM
Understanding a Defense Should Preclude Its Use
Defense Use in Adolescence
Defense Use in Adulthood
Concluding Remarks
A Closer Look at Three Defenses
Components of Denial
Denial as Seen in Folktales
The Development of Two Forms of Denial
Another Folktale
Clinical Examples
The Use of Denial in Projective Stories
Concluding Remarks
Components of Projection
Projection as Seen in Folktales
The Development of Projection
Another Folktale
Clinical Example
The Use of Projection in Projective Stories
Concluding Remarks
Components of Identification
Identification as Seen in Folktales
The Development of Identification
The Development of Primary Identifications
The Development of Secondary Identifications
Examples of Identification in Literature
Clinical Example
The Use of Identification in Projective Stories
Concluding Remarks
Defense Mechanisms in Action
Defenses in Childhood: Stress and Psychopathology
Studies of Children's Defenses in Response to Experimentally Induced Stress
Children's Defenses in Response to "Real-Life" Stress
Observational Studies of the Relation between Children's Defense Use and Psychological Problems
Longitudinal Studies
Patient Studies
Concluding Remarks
Stress and Defense Use in Adulthood
Stress and DMM Defense Assessment
Other Studies of Stress and Defense Use
Physiological Concomitants of Defense Use
"Real-Life" Stress and Defense Use
Concluding Remarks
Defenses and Personality
Defenses and Narrow-Band Personality Variables
Defenses and the Big Five Personality Factors
Defenses (DMM) and Identity Development
Other Approaches to the Investigation of Identity and Defenses
Defenses and Ego Development
Defenses and IQ
Concluding Remarks
Gender Differences and Defenses
The "Masculine" Defenses
The "Feminine" Defenses
Gender Differences in Child and Adolescent Defense Use
The Implications of Defense Use: Gender-Based Differences
Concluding Remarks
Studying Defenses over Time: Longitudinal Studies
Change in Defense Use over Time
Predicting over Time from Childhood Personality to Later Defense Use
Predicting over Time from Defense Use to Later Personality/Behavior
Defenses Predict Personality Change: Narrow-Band Variables
Defense Use Predicts Big Five Personality Change
Defense Use Predicts Identity Change
Concluding Remarks
Defenses and Psychopathology
Defenses and Psychopathology in Adult Community and Student Samples
Defenses and Personality Disorders in Nonclinical Samples
Defenses and Pathological Aggression
Defenses and Depression
Defenses and Other Indications of Pathology
Concluding Remarks
Defenses and Psychopathology in Adult Psychiatric Patients
Psychopathology and the DMM
Further Studies of Defense Use by Psychiatric Patients
Does Defense Use by Psychiatric Patients Differ from That of Nonpatients?
Can Defense Use Differentiate among Diagnostic Groups?
Are Specific Defenses Associated with Specific Diagnoses?
Concluding Remarks
Defenses and Psychotherapy
Research with Psychiatric Patient Groups
Comparison of Most Improved and Least Improved Patients
Comparison of Anaclitic and Introjective Patients
DSQ Studies
DMRS Studies
Concluding Remarks
Case Studies
"Ben": A Serial Killer
"Martin": A 10-Year-Old Boy
Three Females: Before and after Treatment
"Jim": A Psychoanalytic Patient
Concluding Remarks
Assessment of Defenses
Explaining the Defense Mechanism Manual
Assessment of Denial with the DMM
Assessment of Projection with the DMM
Assessment of Identification with the DMM
Concluding Remarks
Other Approaches to Assessing Defense Mechanisms
Defense Style Questionnaire
Defense Mechanism Rating Scales
A Comparison of the DSQ and the DMRS
Defense Axis of DSM-IV
Defense Mechanism Inventory
Life Style Index
Other Measures for Assessing Children's Defenses
Concluding Remarks