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Introduction to Physics in Modern Medicine, Second Edition

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ISBN-10: 1584889438

ISBN-13: 9781584889434

Edition: 2nd 2009 (Revised)

Authors: Suzanne Amador Kane

List price: $73.95
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Focuses on an Area often Overlooked at an Elementary Level As modern medicine develops, it brings forth important changes in the physics component. This updated edition enables an understanding of physics role in medicine as well as the most current technologies. It continues to be an invaluable resource for a range of readers, from undergraduates to medical professionals. The author provides explanations of necessary scientific background, detailed descriptions and diagrams, and case studies in each chapter. A solutions manual and extended lecturer support online aid professors in teaching the course and staying up-to-date on any new developments.
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Book details

List price: $73.95
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2009
Publisher: CRC Press LLC
Publication date: 4/30/2009
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 448
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.00" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 1.738
Language: English

Instructor's preface
Student preface
Preface to the second edition
Introduction and overview
Suggested reading
Telescopes for inner space: Fiber optics and endoscopes
Optics: The science of light
How to see around corners
Reflecting and bending light
Why does light bend? The index of refraction
Optional: How lenses form images
Making pipes for light
Fiber optics applications in medicine: Endoscopes and laparoscopes
Different types of endoscopes and their typical construction
Some advantages and disadvantages
Laparoscopic gallbladder removals
New and future directions
Robotic surgery and virtual reality in the operating room
Telemedicine and military applications
Innovations on the horizon
Reflection and refraction
Total internal reflection and fiber optics
Advanced problems
Lasers in medicine: Healing with light
What is a laser?
More on the science of light: Beyond the rainbow
How lasers work
How light interacts with body tissues
Laser beams and spatial coherence
Cooking with light: Photocoagulation
Trade-offs in photocoagulation: Power density and heat flow
Cutting with light: Photovaporization
More power: Pulsed lasers
Lasers and color
The atomic origins of absorption
How selective absorption is used in laser surgery
Lasers in dermatology
Laser surgery on the eye
New directions: Lasers in dentistry
Advantages and drawbacks of lasers for medicine
New directions: Photodynamic therapy-Killing tumors with light
New directions: Diffusive optical imaging
Suggested reading
Seeing with sound: Diagnostic ultrasound imaging
What is ultrasound?
Ultrasound and energy
How echoes are formed
How to produce ultrasound
Images from echoes
Ultrasound scanner design
Ultrasound is absorbed by the body
Limitations of ultrasound: Image quality and artifacts
How safe is ultrasound imaging?
Obstetrical ultrasound imaging
Echocardiography: Ultrasound images of the heart
Origins of the Doppler effect
Using the Doppler effect to measure blood flow
Color flow images
Three-dimensional ultrasound
Portable ultrasound-Appropriate technology for the developing world
Suggested reading
Basic physics of sound waves
Echo ranging and echo intensity
Absorption of ultrasound
Sources of distortion
Doppler ultrasound
Another useful source of problems on ultrasound imaging
X-ray vision: Diagnostic X-rays and CT scans
Diagnostic x-rays: The body's x-ray shadow
Types of x-ray interactions with matter
Basic issues in x-ray image formation
Contrast media make soft tissues visible on an x-ray
How x-rays are generated
X-ray detectors
Mammography: X-ray screening for breast cancer
Digital radiography
Computed tomography (CT)
Application: Spotting brittle bones-Bone mineral scans for osteoporosis
Suggested reading
Interaction of x-rays with matter
Contrast, contrast media, and x-ray absorption
X-ray sources and detectors
Images from radioactivity: Radionuclide scans, SPECT, and PET
Introduction: Radioactivity and medicine
Nuclear physics basics
Radioactivity fades with time: The concept of half-lives
Gamma camera imaging
Emission tomography with radionuclides: SPECT and PET
Application: Emission computer tomography studies of the brain
Hybrid scanners
Suggested reading
Useful sources of problems
Radiation therapy and radiation safety in medicine
Measuring radioactivity and radiation
Origins of the biological effects of ionizing radiation
The two regimes of radiation damage: Radiation sickness and cancer risk
Radiation therapy: Killing tumors with radiation
New directions in radiation therapy
Suggested reading
Useful sources of more advanced problems
Magnetic resonance imaging
The Science of magnetism
Nuclear magnetism
Contrast mechanisms for MRI
Listening to spin echoes
How MRI maps the body
How safe is MRI?
Creating better contrast
Sports medicine and MRI
Magnetic resonance breast imaging
Mapping body chemistry with MR spectroscopy
Brain mapping and functional MRI
Suggested reading