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Children with Disabilities, Sixth Edition

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ISBN-10: 1557668582

ISBN-13: 9781557668585

Edition: 6th 2007

Authors: Mark L. Batshaw, Louis Pellegrino, Nancy J. Roizen

List price: $79.95
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Now in a completely revised, peer-reviewed sixth edition, this is the leading reference for professionals working or preparing to work with children with disabilities and their families.
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Book details

List price: $79.95
Edition: 6th
Copyright year: 2007
Publisher: Paul H. Brookes Publishing Company Incorporated
Publication date: 8/1/2007
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 792
Size: 7.25" wide x 10.25" long x 1.75" tall
Weight: 3.454
Language: English

List of Tables and Figures
About the Editors
A Personal Note to the Reader
Letters from Andrew Batshaw
As Life Begins
Genetics and Developmental Disabilities
Genetic Disorders
Cell Division and Its Disorders
Genes and Their Disorders
Revising Mendelian Genetics
Environmental Influences on Heredity
Development Before Birth
Embryonic and Fetal Development
Development of the Central Nervous System
Maternal Factors in Fetal Development
Having a Baby: The Birth Process
Dating a Pregnancy
Deciding When to Deliver the Baby
Perinatal Mortality
Monitoring Labor
Cesarean Section
Abnormal Labor or Dystocia
Pregnancy Complications
The First Weeks of Life
The Fetus Before Birth
The Birth Process
Environmental Toxins
Toxicological and Epidemiological Issues
Evidence for Developmental Neurotoxicity
From Science to Policy
Infections and the Fetus
Specific Pathogens
Intrauterine Inflammation and Developmental Disabilities
Birth Defects and Prenatal Diagnosis
Genetic Assessment
Screening Evaluations During Pregnancy
Prevention, Fetal Therapy, and Alternative Reproductive Choices
Psychosocial Implications
Newborn Screening: Opportunities for Prevention of Developmental Disabilities
What Is a Screening Test?
Why Screen Newborns?
How Is Newborn Screening Done?
What Should Be Done When a Child has a Positive Newborn Screen?
What Happens to Children with Confirmed Disease?
What Is the Risk of Developmental Disability in Children with Confirmed Disease?
How Can Screening Fail?
The Past, Present, and Future of Newborn Screening
Prenatal Screening
Premature and Small-for-Dates Infants
Definitions of Prematurity and Low Birth Weight
Incidence of Preterm Births
Causes of Premature Birth
Complications of Prematurity
Medical and Developmental Care of Low Birth Weight Infants
Survival of Low Birth Weight Infants
Care After Discharge from the Hospital
Early Intervention Programs
Neurodevelopmental Outcome
The Developing Child
Nutrition and Children with Disabilities
Typical Growth During Childhood
Nutritional Guidelines
Nutritional Issues in Children with Disabilities
Medical Nutritional Therapy
Special Nutritional Concerns in Children with Disabilities
Nutrition within Complementary and Alternative Medical Care
Vision: Our Window to the World
Structure of the Eye
Ocular Development
Development of Visual Skills
Function and Diseases of the Eye
Refractive Errors in Children
Vision Tests
Hearing: Sounds and Silences
Defining Sound
The Hearing System
Defining Hearing Loss
Causes of Hearing Loss
Identification of Hearing Loss
Intervention for Hearing Loss
The Brain and Nervous System
The Brain and Spinal Cord
The Peripheral Nervous System
The Microscopic Architecture of the Brain
Techniques for Evaluating the Nervous System
Muscles, Bones, and Nerves
Components of the Musculoskeletal System
Signs and Symptoms of Neuromuscular and Musculoskeletal Disorders
Physical Examination of the Musculoskeletal System
Disorders of the Musculoskeletal System
Disorders of the Neuromuscular System
Patterns in Development and Disability
What Is Development?
Patterns in Development
Defining Disability
Patterns of Disability
Disability Diagnoses versus Etiologic Diagnoses
Developmental Disabilities
Epidemiology of Developmental Disabilities
What Is Epidemiology?
How Common Are Various Disabilities?
Developmental Delay and Intellectual Disability
Early Identification of Developmental Delay
Defining Intellectual Disability
Classification of Intellectual Disability
Prevalence of Intellectual Disability
Associated Impairments
Medical Diagnostic Testing
Psychological Testing
Treatment Approaches
Down Syndrome
Chromosomal Findings
Early Identification
Medical Complications in Down Syndrome
Neurodevelopment and Behavior
Evaluation and Treatment
X-Linked Syndromes Causing Intellectual Disability
The Genetics of Fragile X Syndrome
Clinical Features in Males
Clinical Features in Females
Fragile X Syndrome and Autism Spectrum Disorders
Diagnosis of Fragile X Syndrome
Medical Management
Educational and Therapeutic Intervention Strategies
Inborn Errors of Metabolism
Types of Inborn Errors of Metabolism
Clinical Manifestations
Mechanism of Brain Damage
Associated Disabilities
Diagnostic Testing
Newborn Screening
Therapeutic Approaches
Behavioral and Psychiatric Disorders in Children with Disabilities
Prevalence and Causes of Psychiatric Disorders Among Children with Developmental Disabilities
Psychiatric Disorders of Childhood and Adolescence
Communication Disorders
Components of Communication
Typical Development of Speech and Language
Communication Disorders and Intervention Approaches
Speech Disorders
Language Disorders
Autism Spectrum Disorders
Diagnostic Categories within the Autism Spectrum
Diagnostic Features of Autism Spectrum Disorders
Causes of Autism Spectrum Disorders
Early Identification of Autism Spectrum Disorders
Associated Conditions
Treatment Approaches
Attention Deficits and Hyperactivity
Diagnosis and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Subtypes
Clinical Presentation
Common Coexisting Conditions
Associated Impairments
Causes of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
The Evaluation Process
Treatment of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
Treatment with Coexisting Conditions
Multimodal Treatment
Complementary and Alternative Therapies
Specific Learning Disabilities
Defining Specific Learning Disabilities
Response to Intervention
Specific Reading Disability
Specific Mathematics Disability
Impairments Associated with Specific Learning Disabilities
Health Problems Simulating Specific Learning Disabilities
Assessment Procedures
Intervention Strategies
Cerebral Palsy
What Is Cerebral Palsy?
What Causes Cerebral Palsy?
How Is Cerebral Palsy Diagnosed?
What Other Impairments Are Associated with Cerebral Palsy?
What Can Be Done to Help Children with Cerebral Palsy?
Movement Disorders
Definition and Classification of Movement Disorders
Paroxysmal Movement Disorders
Disorders Associated with Specific Movement Abnormalities
Normal Movements Often Mistakenly Considered Abnormal
Neural Tube Defects
Prevalence of Neural Tube Defects
The Origin of Neural Tube Defects
Prevention of Neural Tube Defects Using Folic Acid Supplementation
Prenatal Diagnosis
Treatment of Meningomyelocele in the Newborn Period
Primary Neurological Impairments in Children with Meningomyelocele
Associated Impairments and Medical Complications
Educational Programs
Psychosocial Issues for the Child
Interdisciplinary Management
Epilepsy Definitions, Causes, and Consequences
Classification of Epilepsy and Epilepsy Syndromes
Diagnosis and Evaluation of Seizure Disorders
Treatment of Epilepsy
Multidisciplinary Needs and Intervention
Traumatic Brain Injury
Incidence of Head Injuries
Causes of Traumatic Brain Injury
Types of Brain Injuries
Inflicted Brain Injury
Detecting Significant Brain Injury
Severity of Brain Injury
Interventions, Families, and Outcomes
The Feeding Process
Feeding and the Influence of Medical Conditions
Feeding and the Influence of Tone, Posture, and Development
Feeding Problems in Children with Disabilities
Evaluation of a Feeding Problem
Managing Feeding Problems
Dental Care: Promoting Health and Preventing Disease
Formation and Emergence of Teeth
Problems Affecting the Development of Teeth
Oral Diseases
Dental Trauma
Prevention of Dental Caries and Periodontal Disease
Providing Dental and Orthodontic Treatment
Dental Care for Children with Developmental Disabilities
Early Intervention
Disability-Related Developmental Science
An Investment in Effectiveness
Structural Components of the Early Intervention System
Transition from Early Intervention to Preschool Services
Status of Early Intervention Services
Directions for the Future: Principles of Early Intervention
Special Education Services
Legislation that Defines Disability
Nondiscriminatory Assessment and Eligibility
Services Provided by Special Education Teachers
Related Services
The Individualized Education Progam
Federal Funding of Special Education Services
Establishment of the Least Restrictive Environment
Role of the Special Education Teacher in the General Curriculum
Participation in State- and Districtwide Assessments
Procedural Safeguards: Due Process
The School-Parent Connection
Behavioral Principles, Assessment, and Therapy
Operant Learning Principles and Practices
From Basic Principle to Application
Common Behavior Problems
Severe Problem Behaviors
Behavioral Assessment of Problem Behaviors
Functional Assessment and Treatment Development
Practical Strategies for the Classroom
Behavioral Teaching Strategies
Behavioral Instruction Programs
Technological Assistance
Technology for Medical Assistance
Technology for Physical Disabilities
Technology for Sensory Impairments
Technology for Communication Disabilities
Technology for Cognitive and Learning Disabilities
Assessment for Assistive Technology
Effects of Assistive Technology on the Family and Community
Funding Issues
Advocacy Information
Physical Therapy and Occupational Therapy
Contemporary Issues in Physical Therapy and Occupational Therapy
Guidelines for Referral
Assessment and Planning for Intervention
Therapy in Early Intervention Programs
Therapy in Educational Settings
Selected Approaches to Intervention
Outcomes of Therapy
Exercise, Sports, and Recreation
Physical Activity in Children with Disabilities
Inclusion of the Child with Disabilities in Exercise and Sports Programs in School
Community Sports Programs
The Preparticipation Examination
Sport Injuries in the Athlete with Disabilities
Nonphysical Recreation
Ethical Dilemmas
The Vocabulary of Ethics
Ethics and the Law
Pediatric Ethics
Ethics Consultation and Ethics Committees
Research Involving Children with Disabilities
Social Justice
Caring and Coping: Helping the Family of a Child with a Disability
How Families Cope with the Diagnosis
Long-Term Effects on the Parents
Effects on Siblings
Effects on the Extended Family
Effects on the Child with a Disability
Principles of Family-Centered Care: Role of the Professional
The Role of Society and Community
Future Expectations: Transition from Adolescence to Adulthood
General Principles of Transition
Moving Toward Independence: Self-Determination
Moving from School to Work
Moving from Home into the Community
Moving from Pediatric- to Adult-Oriented Health Care
Health Care Delivery Systems and Financing Issues
Problems in Arranging Coordination of Care
The Concept of a Medical Home
The Health Care Environment and Financing
Looking Toward the Future
Syndromes and Inborn Errors of Metabolism
Commonly Used Medications
Childhood Disabilities Resources, Services, and Organizations
Cognitive Testing and Screening Testing