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Conducting Meaningful Interpretation A Field Guide for Success

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ISBN-10: 1555915302

ISBN-13: 9781555915308

Edition: 2006

Authors: Carolyn Widner Ward, Alan E. Wilkinson, Alan Wilkinson

List price: $75.00
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Description:

Interpretation is an indispensable tool for connecting visitors to the wonders of the natural and cultural world while ensuring their protection. Now more than ever before, smart, light-handed management is essential, and this comprehensive book will guide you through the theories, techniques, and strategies for effective interpretation. Covering everything from the history of the practice to the future of the profession, Conducting Meaningful Interpretation is a vital resource for guides and interpreters in natural and cultural resource management programs. Whether you are a docent, volunteer, or a lifelong career interpreter, this guide will help you master the basics of one of the most…    
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Book details

List price: $75.00
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: Fulcrum Publishing
Publication date: 8/1/2006
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 288
Size: 8.50" wide x 11.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 2.112
Language: English

Foreword
Preface
Acknowledgments
Interpretation from Past to Present
Defining Interpretation
Types of Interpretation
Nonpersonal
Personal
The History
The People
Federal Agencies
State Agencies
Local Agencies
Private Agencies
Conducting Meaningful Interpretation
Connecting the Visitor to the Resource
Information and Orientation Services
Education
Inspiration
Accomplishing Management Goals and Objectives
Protect the Resource
Protect the Visitor
Promote the Agency
The Foundation of Interpretation: Communication
Communication Process
Interpreter
Credibility
Message
Creates
Persuasive Techniques
Translation
Visitor
Filter
Feedback
Real World
Planning for Success
The Planning Process
Research
Resources
Public
Management
Identifying Primary Messages
Designing Interpretive Opportunities
Program Goals and Objectives
Writing Objectives-A Step-by-Step Approach
Target Audiences
Evaluation and Feedback
A Basic Structure: Program
The Message
Defined
Purpose
Creation
Research
Developing the Theme
Conducting Research
The Story
Developing the Body
Theme/Subthemes
Narrative
The Ending
Purpose
Creation
The Beginning
The Basic Program: Talk
Types of Talks
Formal
Informal
Preparation
Getting Started
Practice
Overcoming Stage Fright
Voice and Vocabulary
Adding Pizzazz
Questioning Techniques
Presentation Strategies
Characterization
Demonstration
Storytelling
Puppets
Guided Imagery
Guest Speaker
Techniques
Before the Talk
Make a Positive Impression
Be a Good Host
Props
After the Talk
Taking the Talk on the Road: Walk
Types of Walks
Resources-Natural and Cultural Settings
Facility-Visitor Center, Historic Structure, Museum
Site-Demonstration, Research, Cultural, and So On
Specialty-Night, Wet, Vehicle
Planning
Topic and Theme
Route Selection-Choosing Stops
Thematic Map and Outline
Practice
Mechanics
Getting Started
First Stop
Leading
Timing
Group Considerations-Field Tips and Techniques
Being Heard
Large Groups
Extended Walk
Teachable Moments
Rules and Regulations-The "Educational Exception"
Ending
Working in the Dark: Campfires and More!
Program Types
Night Hike
Night Sky
Campfire
Audiovisual
Mechanics
Alleviating Fears
Time Considerations-Dark, Full Moon, or Dusk
Presentations
Exploring in the Dark-Night Hike
Night-Sky Interpretation-Stargazing
Traditional Campfire
Warm-Up
Audiovisual Presentations
For the Young at Heart: Children's Interpretation
A Special Need
Types of Programs
In the Field (Informal)
In the School (Formal)
Children's Characteristics
Energetic
Curiosity
Sensory Bound
Developmental Level
Mechanics
Have Fun!
Manage Behavior
Focus on the Environment
Name Names
On Their Level
Keep It Short
Use Existing Resources
Taking the Message to the Visitor: Roving Interpretation
Reasons for Roving
Carpe Diem
Visitor Safety
Resource Protection
Marketing
Public Relations
Field Research
Planning
Location
Visitors' Needs
Props and Attention Grabbers
Mechanics
When
Where
How
Essentials for All Programs: Critical Concerns
Special Groups
Visitors with Special Needs
Elderly Visitors
Visitors Who Speak Foreign Languages
Distractions
Emergencies
Alternative Plans
Bias and "Truth"
Live Animals
Publicizing
Advertising-An Example
Activity Schedules
Bulletin Boards
Media Releases
Personal Invitations
Multisensory Equipment: Audiovisual
Equipment
Cameras
Lenses
Copy Stands
Projectors
Screens
Lapse Dissolve and Audiovisual Sync Recorders
Sound Systems
Microphones
Other Types of Audio Equipment
Computers
Flip Charts
Lighting
Proper Operation and Maintenance of Audiovisual Equipment
Batteries
Cleaning Lenses
Changed Circumstances
Other Considerations
Copyright
Photography
Practicing Defensible Interpretation: Evaluation
Why Conduct Evaluation?
What to Evaluate?
Interpreter
Audience
Program
When Should Evaluation Be Conducted?
Before (Front-End)
During (Formative)
After (Summative)
Who Conducts Evaluation?
Audience
Supervisor
Peer
Expert
Interpreter
How Should Evaluation Be Conducted?
Traditional and Scientific Evaluation
Objective-Based Assessment
Putting It All Together
Reporting Evaluation
Closing the Loop (Modification)
Growing from a Tradition: Professionalism
What Is a Profession?
From Practice to Profession
Responsibilities
The Discipline of Interpretation
Organization
Audience
Resource
Interpreter
The Future
Index