Alex Alvarez earned his Ph.D. in Sociology from the University of New Hampshire in 1991 and is a Professor in the Department of Criminal Justice at Northern Arizona University. From 2001 until 2003 he was the founding Director of the Martin-Springer Institute for Teaching the Holocaust, Tolerance, and Humanitarian Values. His main areas of study have been in the areas of minorities, crime, and criminal justice, and the areas of collective and interpersonal violence.ï¿½ He has published on Native Americans, Latinos, and African Americans, fear of crime, sentencing, as well as on justifiable and criminal homicide, and genocide. His scholarship has appeared in edited volumes and in a range of journals including Social Science History, The Journal of Criminal Justice, and Sociological Imagination . His first book, Governments, Citizens, and Genocide was published by Indiana University Press in 2001 and was a nominee for the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences book of the year award in 2002, as well as a Raphael Lemkin book award nominee from the International Association of Genocide Scholars Book in 2003. His second book, Murder American Style was released in the summer of 2002. He has also served as an editor for the journal Violence and Victims, and is an editorial board member for the journals War Crimes, Genocide, and Crimes Against Humanity: An International Journal, and Idea: A Journal of Social Issues. He has been invited to present his research in various countries such as Austria, Bosnia, Canada, and Germany, and Sweden.