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Ethics and the Practice of Forensic Science

ISBN-10: 1420088939

ISBN-13: 9781420088939

Edition: 2009

Authors: Max M. Houck, Robin T. Bowen

List price: $94.95
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Description:

Forensic science professionals confront ethical issues every day on the job. Filled with examples suitable for personal guidance or class discussion, this text provides a fresh approach to a critical issue of science, justice, and the courts. Topics discussed include expert witnessing, research issues, how forensic laboratories handle personal information and personal samples, and the conflicts that are inherent in the melding of law and science. The book includes definitions of key terms and concepts and offers review questions to test readers’ assimilation of the material.
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Book details

List price: $94.95
Copyright year: 2009
Publisher: CRC Press LLC
Publication date: 12/17/2009
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 217
Size: 6.50" wide x 9.75" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.210
Language: English

Foreword
Preface
Series Editor
Acknowledgments
Author
What Is Ethics?
Introduction
Ethical Theories
The Study of Ethics
Utilitarianism: The Greater Good
Deontological Ethics: Obligation and Intention
Comparing Approaches for Forensic Science
Ethical Decision Making
Framework for Ethical Decisions
Inherent Good Surpasses Noninherent Good
Noninherent Evil Surpasses Inherent Evil
When Selecting between Levels of Good or Evil, Select the Highest Good or the Lowest Evil
Result of Decisions
The Ethics of the Criminal Justice Culture
Introduction
Recruitment
Culture
Ethics of Criminal Justice
Ethics Training
Unethical Behavior
Sources of Pressure for the Forensic Scientist
Ethics in the Courtroom: The Scientist's Perspective
Introduction 33role of Attorneys
Attorney-Expert Relationship
Misconduct
Examples of Misconduct
Duke Lacrosse Case, 2006
Federal Prosecutors, 2007
Research Ethics in Science
Introduction
Science, Technology, and Society
Research and Publication
Ethics in Science and Research
Misconduct
Ethics in Forensic Science
Introduction
Crime Scene
Laboratory
Role of the Scientific Expert Witness
Qualification
Admissibility of Scientific Evidence
The Frye Case
The Daubert Case
Parameters
Misconduct
Unethical Behavior: The Fork in the Road
Introduction
Unethical Behavior
Motivation
Justification
Consequences
Whistle-Blowing
Good Examples of Bad Behavior
O. J. Simpson Case
Case Studies
False Credentials (Associated Press, 2007a)
Misleading Degree (Moran, 2006)
Pros
Cons
Abuse of Power (North, 2001)
Supporting a Habit (Huicochea, 2008)
"Errors" (Armstrong, 2007)
Prosecutor Pressure (Moxley, 2008)
Detroit (Clickondetroit.com, 2008)
Procedure (Johnson, 2008)
Fingerprints (Associated Press, 2008)
Personal Gain (Bone, 2007)
Research (Associated Press, 2006)
So What Happened?
What Was the Scientists' Defense?
On the Other Hand
FBI Whistle-Blower
Notorious Examples Every Forensic Scientist Should Know
Fred Zain
Michael West
Kathleen Lundy
Allison Lancaster
David Petersen
Joyce Gilcrist
Houston Police Department Crime Laboratory
Codes of Ethics
Introduction
National Forensic Center
Developing Codes of Ethics
Purpose
Council of Scientific Society Presidents Study of Codes of Ethics
Familiarity with Codes of Ethics
The American Academy of Forensic Sciences (A AFS)
Article II. Code of Ethics and Conduct
The American Board of Criminalistics (ABC)
Rules of Professional Conduct
American Society of Crime Laboratory Directors
The International Association for Identification (IAI)
An Ethical Approach to Forensic Professionalism
Introduction
Education
Competence
Professions and Professionalism
Awareness
National Academy of Sciences Report
Initial Research Data on Ethics in Forensic Science
Additional U.S. Forensic Science Professional Codes of Ethics
U.S. Law Enforcement Professional Codes of Ethics
International Forensic Science Professional Codes of Ethics
Bibliography
Index