Requirements Engineering for Software and Systems

ISBN-10: 1420064673

ISBN-13: 9781420064674

Edition: 2009

List price: $96.95
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Book details

List price: $96.95
Copyright year: 2009
Publisher: Auerbach Publishers, Incorporated
Publication date: 3/27/2009
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 264
Size: 6.25" wide x 9.25" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.144
Language: English

Acknowledgments
Introduction
About the Author
Introduction to Requirements Engineering
Motivation
What Is Requirements Engineering?
You Probably Don't Do Enough Requirements Engineering
What Are Requirements?
Requirements Versus Goals
Requirements Level Classification
Requirements Specifications Types
Functional Requirements
Nonfunctional Requirements
Domain Requirements
Domain Vocabulary Understanding
Requirements Engineering Activities
Requirements Elicitation/Discovery
Requirements Analysis and Reconciliation
Requirements Representation and Modeling
Requirements Validation
Requirements Management
The Requirements Engineer
Requirements Engineer Paradigms
Requirements Engineer as Softward Systems Engineer
Requirements Engineer as Subject Matter Expert
Requirements Engineer as Architect
Requirements Engineer as Business Process Expert
Ignorance as Virtue
Role of the Customer?
Problems with Traditional Requirements Engineering
Complexity
Four Dark Corners (Zave and Jackson)
Difficulties in Enveloping System Behavior
The Danger of "All" in Specifications
References
Mission Statement, Customers, and Stakeholders
Mission Statements
Encounter with a Customer?
Stakeholders
Negative Stakeholders
Stakeholder Identification
Stakeholder Questions
Stakeholder/Customer Classes
Customer Wants and Needs
What Do Customers Want?
What Don't Customers Want?
Why Do Customers Change Their Minds?
Stakeholder Prioritization
Communicating with Customers and Other Stakeholders
Managing Expectations
Stakeholder Negotiations
References
Requirements Elicitation
Introduction
Elicitation Techniques Survey
Brainstorming
Card Sorting
Designer as Apprentice
Domain Analysis
Ethnographic Observation
Goal-Based Approaches
Group Work
Interviews
Introspection
Joint Application Design (JAD)
Laddering
Protocol Analysis
Prototyping
Quality Function Deployment
Questionnaires
Repertory Grids
Scenarios
Task Analysis
User Stories
Viewpoints
Workshops
Elicitation Summary
Which Combination of Requirements Elicitation Techniques Should Be Used?
Prevalence of Requirements Elicitation Techniques
Elicitation Support Technologies
Using Wikis for Requirements Elicitation
Mobile Technologies
Content Analysis
References
Writing the Requirements Document
Requirements Representation Approaches
IEEE Standard 830-1998
IEEE Standard 830 Recommendations on Representing Non-Functional Requirements
IEEE Standard 830 Recommendations on Representing Functional Requirements
Operating System
Command Validation
ISO/IEC Standard 25030
Use Cases
Behavioral Specifications
The Requirements Document
Users of a Requirements Document
Requirements Document Requirements
Preferred Writing Style
Text Structure
Best Practices and Recommendations
References
Requirements Risk Management
What Is Requirements Risk Management?
Requirements Validation and Verification
Techniques for Requirements V&V
Goal-Based Requirements Analysis
Requirements Understanding
Validating Requirements Use Cases
Prototyping
The Requirements Validation Matrix
The Importance of Measurement in Requirements Verification and Validation
Goal/Question/Metric Analysis
Standards for Verification and Validation
IEEE Standard 830
Correctness
Ambiguity
Completeness
Consistency
Ranking
Verifiability
Modifiability
Traceability
NASA Requirements Testing
NASA ARM Tool
Imperatives
Continuances
Directives
Options
Weak Phrases
Incomplete
Subjects
Specification Depth
Readability Statistics
Summary of NASA Metrics
References
Formal Methods
Motivation
What Are Formal Methods?
A Little History
Using Formal Methods
Formal Methods Types
Examples
Formalization of Train Station in B
Formalization of Space Shuttle Flight Software Using Mur
Formalization of an Energy Management System Using Category Theory
Example: An Energy Management System
Requirements Validation
Theorem Proving
Program Correctness
Hoare Logic
Model Checking
Objections, Myths, and Limitations
Objections and Myths
Limitations of Formal Methods
Final Advice
References
Requirements Specification and Agile Methodologies
Introduction to Agile Methodologies
Principles Behind the Agile Manifesto
Extreme Programming (XP)
Scrum
Requirements Engineering for Agile Methodologies
General Practices in Agile Methodologies
Agile Requirements Best Practices
Requirements Engineering in XP
Requirements Engineering in Scrum
Writing User Stories
Agile Requirements Engineering
Challenges for Requirements Engineering in Agile Methodologies
Bibliography
Tool Support for Requirements Engineering
Introduction
Traceability Support
Commercial Requirements Engineering Tools
DOORS
Rational RequisitePro
Requirements and Traceability Management
CaliberRM
QFD/Capture
Open Source Requirements Engineering Tools
FreeMind
Open Source Requirements Management Tool (OSRMT)
FitNesse
Requirements Engineering Tool Best Practices
References
Requirements Management
Introduction
Managing Divergent Agendas
Expectation Revisited: Pascal's Wager
Global Requirements Management
Antipatterns in Requirements Management
Environmental Antipatterns
Divergent Goals
Process Clash
Management Antipatterns
Metric Abuse
Mushroom Management
Other Paradigms for Requirements Management
Requirements Management and Improvisational Comedy
Requirements Management as Scriptwriting
Reference Models for Requirements Management
ISO 9000-3 (1997)
Six Sigma
Capability Maturity Model (CMMI)
IEEE 830
IEEE 12207 (2002)
ISO/IEC 25030
A Case Study: FBI Virtual Case File
References
Value Engineering of Requirements
What, Why, When, and How of Value Engineering?
What Is Value Engineering?
When Does Value Engineering Occur?
Estimating Using COCOMO and Its Derivatives
COCOMO
WEBMO
COSYSMO
Estimating Using Function Points
Function Point Cost Drivers
Feature Points
Use Case Points
Requirements Feature Cost Justification
Return on Investment
Net Present Value
Internal Rate of Return
Profitability Index
Payback Period
Discounted Payback Period
References
Appendix Software Requirements Specification for a Smart Home, Version 2.0, September 20, 2008
Glossary
Index
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