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50 Great Myths of Popular Psychology Shattering Widespread Misconceptions about Human Behavior

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ISBN-10: 1405131128

ISBN-13: 9781405131124

Edition: 2009

Authors: Scott O. Lilienfeld, Barry L. Beyerstein, Steven Jay Lynn, John Ruscio

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'50 Great Myths of Popular Psychology' uses popular myths as a vehicle for helping students and laypersons to distinguish science from pseudoscience.
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Book details

Copyright year: 2009
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Limited
Publication date: 9/4/2009
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 352
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.00" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.254
Language: English

Introduction: The Wide World of Psychomythology
Brain Power: Myths about the Brain and Perception
Most People Use Only 10% of Their Brain Power
Some People Are Left-Brained, Others Are Right-Brained
Extrasensory Perception Is a Well-Established Scientific Phenomenon
Visual Perceptions Are Accompanied by Tiny Emissions from the Eyes
Subliminal Messages Can Persuade People to Purchase Products
From Womb to Tomb: Myths about Development and Aging
Playing Mozarts Music to Infants Boosts Their Intelligence
Adolescence Is Inevitably a Time of Psychological Turmoil
Most People Experience a Midlife Crisis in Their 40s or Early 50s
Old Age Is Typically Associated with increased dissatisfaction and Senility
When Dying, People Pass through a Universal Series of Psychological Stages
A Remembrance of Things Past: Myths about Memory
Human Memory Works like a Tape Recorder or Video Camera, and Accurately Records the Events Weve Experienced
Hypnosis is Useful for Retrieving Memories of Forgotten Events
Individuals Commonly Repress the Memories of Traumatic Experiences
Most People with Amnesia Forget All Details of Their Earlier Lives
Teaching Old Dogs New Tricks: Myths about Intelligence and Learning
Intelligence Tests Are Biased against Certain Groups of People
If Youre Unsure of Your Answer When Taking a Test, Its Best to Stick with Your Initial Hunch
The Defining Feature of Dyslexia Is Reversing Letters
Students Learn Best When Teaching Styles Are Matched to Their Learning Styles
Altered States: Myths about Consciousness
Hypnosis Is a Unique "Trance" State that Differs in Kind from Wakefulness
Researchers Have Demonstrated that Dreams Possess Symbolic Meaning
Individuals Can Learn Information, like New Languages, while Asleep
During "Out-of-Body" Experiences, Peoples Consciousness Leaves Their Bodies
Ive Got a Feeling: Myths about Emotion and Motivation
The Polygraph ("Lie Detector") Test Is an Accurate Means of Detecting Dishonesty
Happiness Is Determined Mostly by Our External Circumstances
Ulcers Are Caused Primarily or Entirely by Stress
A Positive Attitude Can Stave off Cancer
The Social Animal: Myths about Interpersonal Behavior
Opposites Attract: We Are Most Romantically Attracted to People Who Differ from Us
Theres Safety in Numbers: The More People Present at an Emergency, the Greater the Chance that Someone Will Intervene
Men and Women Communicate in Completely Different Ways
Its Better to Express Anger Openly to Others than to Hold It in
Know Thyself: Myths about Personality
Raising Children Similarly Leads to Similarities in Their Adult Personalities
The Fact that a Trait Is Heritable Means We Cant Change It
Low Self-Esteem Is a Major Cause of Psychological Problems
Most People Who Were Sexually Abused in Childhood Develop Severe Personality Disturbances in Adulthood
Peoples Responses to Inkblots Tell Us a Great Deal about Their Personalities
Our Handwriting Reveals Our Personality Traits
Sad, Mad, and Bad: Myths about Mental Illness
Psychiatric Labels Cause Harm by Stigmatizing People
Only Deeply Depressed People Commit Suicide
People with Schizophrenia Have Multiple Personalities
Adult Children of Alcoholics Display a Distinct Profile of Symptoms
Theres Recently Been a Massive Epidemic of Infantile Autism
Psychiatric Hospital Admissions and Crimes Increase during Full Moons
Disorder in the Court: Myths about Psychology and Law
Most Mentally Ill People Are Violent
Criminal Profiling Is Helpful in Solving Cases
A Large Proportion Of Criminals Successfully Use the Insanity Defense
Virtually All People Who Confess to a Crime Are Guilty of It
Skills and Pills: Myths about Psychological Treatment
Expert Judgment and Intuition Are the Best Means of Making Clinical Decisions
Abstinence Is the Only Realistic Treatment Goal for Alcoholics
All Effective Psychotherapies Force People to Confront the "Root" Causes of Their Problems in Childhood
Electroconvulsive ("Shock" Therapy Is a Physically Dangerous and Brutal Treatment
Postscript: Truth is Stranger than Fiction
Appendix Recommended Websites for Exploring Psychomythology