Complete Works

ISBN-10: 1400040213

ISBN-13: 9781400040216

Edition: 2003

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Humanist, skeptic, acute observer of himself and others, Michel de Montaigne (1533–92) was the first to use the term “essay” to refer to the form he pioneered and he has remained one of its most famous practitioners. He reflected on the great themes of existence in his masterly and engaging writings, his subjects ranging from proper conversation and good reading, to the raising of children and the endurance of pain, from solitude, destiny, time and custom, to truth, consciousness, and death. Having stood the test of time, his essays continue to influence writers nearly five hundred years later. Also included in this complete edition of his works are Montaigne’s letters and travel journal, fascinating records of the experiences and contemplations that would shape and infuse his essays. Montaigne speaks to us always in a personal voice in which his virtues of tolerance, moderation, and understanding are dazzlingly manifest. Donald M. Frame’s masterful translation is widely acknowledged to be the classic English version.
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Book details

List price: $35.00
Copyright year: 2003
Publisher: Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group
Publication date: 4/29/2003
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 1392
Size: 4.75" wide x 8.00" long x 2.25" tall
Weight: 2.860
Language: English

Michel de Montaigne was born in Chateau de Montaigne, near Bordeaux, France. He received his early education at the College de Guyenne in Bordeaux and studied law at Bordeaux and Toulouse, becoming a counselor of the Court des Aides of Perigueaux, the Bordeaux Parliament and, in 1561, at the court of Charles IX. In 1565, Montaigne married Francoise de la Chassaigne. They raised one daughter, with four other children dying in infancy. He lived the life as a country gentleman and traveled extensively through Switzerland, Germany, and Italy. Montaigne was a moderate Roman Catholic and an advocate of toleration, acting as an intermediary between Henry of Navarre and the court party. As a result, in 1588, he was arrested by members of the Protestant League and thrown into the Bastille for several hours. His work Essais established the essay as a new literary form and influenced both French and English writers; it was quoted by William Shakespeare and imitated by Francis Bacon. Michel de Montaigne died on September 13, 1592 at his chateau in France.

Stuart Hampshire was Bonsall Professor of Philosophy at Stanford University.

Translator's Note
Select Bibliography
By diverse means we arrive at the same end (1578-80)
Of sadness (1572-74)
Our feelings reach out beyond us (1572-74)
How the soul discharges its passions on false objects when the true are wanting (1572-74)
Whether the governor of a besieged place should go out to parley (1572-74)
Parley time is dangerous (1572-74)
That intention is judge of our actions (1572-74)
Of idleness (1572-74)
Of liars (1572-74)
Of prompt or slow speech (1572-74)
Of prognostications (1572-74)
Of constancy (1572-74)
Ceremony of interviews between kings (1572-74)
That the taste of good and evil depends in large part on the opinion we have of them (1572-74)
One is punished for defending a place obstinately without reason (1572-74)
Of the punishment of cowardice (1572-74)
A trait of certain ambassadors (1572-74)
Of fear (1572-74)
That our happiness must not be judged until after our death (1572-74)
That to philosophize is to learn to die (1572-74)
Of the power of the imagination (1572-74)
One man's profit is another man's harm (1572-80)
Of custom, and not easily changing an accepted law (1572-74)
Various outcomes of the same plan (1572-80)
Of pedantry (1572-78)
Of the education of children (1579-80)
It is folly to measure the true and false by our own capacity (1572-74)
Of friendship (1572-76, 1578-80)
Twenty-nine sonnets of Etienne de La Boetie (1578-80)
Of moderation (1572-80)
Of cannibals (1578-80)
We should meddle soberly with judging divine ordinances (1572-74)
To flee from sensual pleasures at the price of life (1575-74)
Fortune is often met in the path of reason (1572-74)
Of a lack in our administrations (1572-74)
Of the custom of wearing clothes (1572-74)
Of Cato the Younger (1572-74)
How we cry and laugh for the same thing (1572-74)
Of solitude (1572-74)
A consideration upon Cicero (1572-74)
Of not communicating one's glory (1572-74)
Of the inequality that is between us (1572-74)
Of sumptuary laws (1572-74)
Of sleep (1572-74)
Of the battle of Dreux (1572-74)
Of names (1572-74)
Of the uncertainty of our judgment (1572-74)
Of war horses (1572-74)
Of ancient customs (1572-80)
Of Democritus and Heraclitus (1572-80)
Of the vanity of words (1572-80)
Of the parsimony of the ancients (1572-80)
Of a saying of Caesar's (1572-80)
Of vain subtleties (1572-80)
Of smells (1572-80)
Of prayers (1572-80)
Of age (1572-80)
Of the inconsistency of our actions (1572-74)
Of drunkenness (1573-74)
A custom of the island of Cea (1573-74)
Let business wait till tomorrow (1573-74)
Of conscience (1573-74)
Of practice (1573-74)
Of honorary awards (1578-80)
Of the affection of fathers for their children (1578-80)
Of the arms of the Parthians (1578-80)
Of books (1578-80)
Of cruelty (1578-80)
Apology for Raymond Sebond (1575-76, 1578-80)
Of judging of the death of others (1572-80)
How our mind hinders itself (1575-76
That our desire is increased by difficulty (1575-76)
Of glory (1578-80)
Of presumption (1578-80)
Of giving the lie (1578-80)
Of freedom of conscience (1578-80)
We taste nothing pure (1578-80)
Against do-nothingness (1578-80)
Of riding post (1578-80)
Of evil means employed to a good end (1578-80)
Of the greatness of Rome (1578-80)
Not to counterfeit being sick (1578-80)
Of thumbs (1578-80)
Cowardice, mother of cruelty (1578-80)
All things have their season (1578-80)
Of virtue (1578-80)
Of a monstrous child (1578-80)
Of anger (1578-80)
Defense of Seneca and Plutarch (1578-80)
The story of Spurina (1578-80)
Observations on Julius Caesar's methods of making war (1578-80)
Of three good women (1578-80)
Of the most oustanding men (1578-80)
Of the resemblance of children to fathers (1579-80)
Of the useful and the honorable (1585-88)
Of repentance (1585-88)
Of three kinds of association (1585-88)
Of diversion (1585-88)
On some verses of Virgil (1585-88)
Of coaches (1585-88)
Of the disadvantage of greatness (1585-88)
Of the art of discussion (1585-88)
Of vanity (1585-88)
Of husbanding your will (1585-88)
Of cripples (1585-88)
Of physiognomy (1585-88)
Of experience (1587-88)
Travel Journal
Across France toward Switzerland (September 5-28, 1580)
Switzerland (September 29-October 7, 1580)
Germany, Austria, and the Alps (October 8-27, 1580)
Italy: The road to Rome (October 28-November 29, 1580)
Italy: Rome (November 30, 1580-April 19, 1581)
Italy: From Rome to Loreto and La Villa (April 19-May 7, 1581)
Italy: First stay at La Villa (May 7-June 21, 1581)
Italy: Florence-Pisa-Lucca (June 21-August 13, 1581)
Italy: Second stay at La Villa (August 14-September 12, 1581)
Italy: Return to Rome (September 12-October 15, 1581)
Italy and France: The return home (October 15-November 30, 1581)
To Antoine Duprat (August 24, 1562?)
To his father: On the death of La Boetie (1563?; published 1570)
To his father: Dedication of Montaigne's translation of Sebond (June 18, 1568)
To Henri de Mesmes: Dedicatory epistle to La Boetie's translation of Plutarch's 'Rules of Marriage' (April 30, 1570)
To Michel de L'Hopital: Dedicatory epistle to La Boetie's Latin 'Poems' (April 30, 1570)
Notice to the reader of La Boetie's translations (August 10, 1570)
To Louis de Lansac: Dedicatory epistle to La Boetie's translation of Xenophon's 'Oeconomicus (1570?)
To Paul de Foix: Dedicatory epistle to La Boetie's 'French Verses' (September 1, 1570)
To his wife: Dedicatory epistle to La Boetie's translation of Plutarch's 'Letter of Consolation to His Wife' (September 10, 1570)
To the Jurats of Bordeaux (May 21, 1582)
To Marshal de Matignon (October 30, 1582)
To Antoine Duprat (November 22, 1582)
To King Henry III: Letter of remonstrance from the Mayor and Jurats of Bordeaux (August 31, 1583)
To King Henry of Navarre: Letter of remonstrance from the Mayor and Jurats of Bordeaux (December 10, 1583)
To Marshal de Matignon (December 14, 1583)
To Marshal de Matignon (January 21, 1584)
To Claude Dupuy (April 23, 1584?)
To Marshal de Matignon (July 12, 1584?)
To Marshal de Matignon (August 19, 1584)
To the Jurats of Bordeaux (December 10, 1584)
To Marshal de Matignon (January 18, 1585)
To Marshal de Matignon (January 26, 1585)
To Marshal de Matignon (February 2, 1585)
To the Jurats of Bordeaux (February 8, 1585)
To Marshal de Matignon (February 9, 1585)
To Marshal de Matignon (February 12, 1585?)
To Marshal de Matignon (February 13, 1585)
To Marshal de Matignon (February, 1585?)
To Marshal de Matignon (May 22, 1585?)
To Marshal de Matignon (May 27, 1585)
To the Jurats of Bordeaux (July 30, 1585)
To the Jurats of Bordeaux (July 31, 1585)
To Marshal de Matignon (June 12, 1587?)
To Marshal de Matignon (February 16, 1588?)
To Madame Paulmier (1588?)
To Antoine Loisel: Inscription on a copy of the 1588 Essays (1588?)
To King Henry IV (January 18, 1590?)
To ... (March or May 10, 1590)
To King Henry IV (September 2, 1590?)
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