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Organic Chemistry as a Second Language First Semester Topics

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ISBN-10: 111801040X

ISBN-13: 9781118010402

Edition: 3rd 2012

Authors: David R. Klein

List price: $56.95
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Description:

Readers continue to turn to Klein because it enables them to better understand fundamental principles, solve problems, and focus on what they need to know to succeed. This edition explores the major principles in the field and explains why they are relevant. It is written in a way that clearly shows the patterns in organic chemistry so that readers can gain a deeper conceptual understanding of the material. Topics are presented clearly in an accessible writing style along with numerous of hands-on problem solving exercises.
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Book details

List price: $56.95
Edition: 3rd
Copyright year: 2012
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated
Publication date: 7/12/2011
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 400
Size: 6.25" wide x 9.25" long x 0.50" tall
Weight: 1.276
Language: English

Bond-Line Drawings
How to Read Bond-Line Drawings
How to Draw Bond-Line Drawings
Mistakes to Avoid
More Exercises
Identifying Formal Charges
Finding Lone Pairs That Are Not Drawn
Resonance
What Is Resonance?
Curved Arrows: The Tools for Drawing Resonance Structures
The Two Commandments
Drawing Good Arrows
Formal Charges in Resonance Structures
Drawing Resonance Structures-Step by Step
Drawing Resonance Structures-By Recognizing Patterns
A Lone Pair Next to a Pi Bond
A Lone Pair Next to a Positive Charge
A Pi Bond Next to a Positive Charge
A Pi Bond Between Two Atoms, Where One of Those Atoms Is Electronegative (N, O, etc.)
Pi Bonds Going All the Way Around a Ring
Assessing the Relative Importance of Resonance Structures
Acid-Base Reactions
Factor 1-What Atom Is the Charge on?
Factor 2-Resonance
Factor 3-Induction
Factor 4-Orbitals
Ranking the Four Factors
Quantitative Measurement (pK<sub>a</sub> values)
Predicting the Position of Equilibrium
Showing a Mechanism
Geometry
Orbitals and Hybridization States
Geometry
Lone Pairs
Nomenclature
Functional Group
Unsaturation
Naming the Parent Chain
Naming Substituents
Stereoisomerism
Numbering
Common Names
Going from a Name to a Structure
Conformations
How to Draw a Newman Projection
Ranking the Stability of Newman Projections
Drawing Chair Conformations
Placing Groups on the Chair
Ring Flipping
Comparing the Stability of Chairs
Don't Be Confused by the Nomenclature
Configurations
Locating Stereocenters
Determining the Configuration of a Stereocenter
Nomenclature
Drawing Enantiomers
Diastereomers
Meso Compounds
Drawing Fischer Projections
Optical Activity
Mechanisms
Curved Arrows
Arrow Pushing
Drawing Intermediates
Nucleophiles and Electrophiles
Bases Versus Nucleophiles
The Regiochemistry Is Contained Within the Mechanism
The Stereochemistry Is Contained Within the Mechanism
A List of Mechanisms
Substitution Reactions
The Mechanisms
Factor 1-The Electrophile (Substrate)
Factor 2-The Nucleophile
Factor 3-The Leaving Group
Factor 4-The Solvent
Using All Four Factors
Substitution Reactions Teach Us Some Important Lessons
Elimination Reactions
The E2 Mechanism
The Regiochemical Outcome of an E2 Reaction
The Stereochemical Outcome of an E2 Reaction
The E1 Mechanism
The Regiochemical Outcome of an E1 Reaction
The Stereochemical Outcome of an E1 Reaction
Substitution vs. Elimination
Determining the Function of the Reagent
Identifying the Mechanism(s)
Predicting the Products
Addition Reactions
Terminology Describing Regiochemistry
Terminology Describing Stereochemistry
Adding H and H
Adding H and X, Markovnikov
Adding H and Br, Anti-Markovnikov
Adding H and OH, Markovnikov
Adding H and OH, Anti-Markovnikov
Synthesis Techniques
Adding Br and Br; Adding Br and OH
Adding OH and OH, Anti
Adding OH and OH, Syn
Oxidative Cleavage of an Alkene
Alcohols
Naming and Designating Alcohols
Predicting Solubility of Alcohols
Predicting Relative Acidity of Alcohols
Preparing Alcohols: A Review
Preparing Alcohols via Reduction
Preparing Alcohols via Grignard Reactions
Summary of Methods for Preparing Alcohols
Reactions of Alcohols: Substitution and Elimination
Reactions of Alcohols: Oxidation
Converting an Alcohol into an Ether
Synthesis
One-step Syntheses
Multistep Syntheses
Retrosynthetic Analysis
Creating Your Own Problems
Answer Key
Index