Tomas Transtrï¿½mer was born in Stockholm, Sweden on April 15, 1931. He was 23 years old when his debut work, Seventeen Poems, was published in 1954. He graduated from Stockholm University in 1956 and became an occupational psychologist. His other works include The Sorrow Gondola, The Half-Finished Heaven: The Best Poems of Tomas Transtrï¿½mer, and The Great Enigma: New and Collected Poems. He has won numerous awards including the Neustadt International Prize for Literature, the Oevralids Prize, the Swedish Award from International Poetry Forum, the Lifetime Recognition Award given by the trustees of the Griffin Trust for Excellence in Poetry in 2007, and the Nobel Prize for Literature in 2011.
Born in San Francisco, Calif., Robert Hass received his undergraduate degree from St. Mary's College and his masters and Ph.D. from Stanford University. After graduating, Hass wrote his first collection of poetry, Field Guide, which went on to win the Yale Series of Younger Poets Award in 1973. Hass's second collection, Praise, won the Williams Carlos Williams Award in 1979. Selected by the Library of Congress as Poet Laureate of the United States in 1995-96, Hass has taught writing at the University of California at Berkeley since 1989. Hass has co-translated several volumes of poetry by Nobel Laureate and fellow colleague Czeslaw Milosz and is the editor of The Essential Haiku.