Rulebook for Arguments

ISBN-10: 0872201562

ISBN-13: 9780872201569

Edition: 2nd 1992

Authors: Anthony Weston

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"What's the point of arguing?" So begins a concise, but dense with examples, examination of the logic of argumentation--moving from general rules in composing a brief argument to writing an argumentative essay. Lacks an index, information on the author, and dates of previous editions. Suitable as a supplementary text. Annotation copyrighted by Book News Inc., Portland, OR
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Book details

Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 1992
Publisher: Hackett Publishing Company, Incorporated
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 112
Weight: 0.506
Language: English

Anthony Westonis Professor of Philosophy at Elon University in North Carolina, where he teaches Ethics, Environmental Studies, and "Millennial Imagination". He is the author of ten other books including Back to Earth, Jobs for Philosophers, and Creativity for Critical Thinkers.

Prefacep. ix
Introductionp. xi
Composing a Short Argument: Some General Rulesp. 1
Distinguish premises and conclusionp. 1
Present your ideas in a natural orderp. 3
Start from reliable premisesp. 4
Be concrete and concisep. 5
Avoid loaded languagep. 6
Use consistent termsp. 7
Stick to one meaning for each termp. 8
Arguments by Examplep. 10
Give more than one examplep. 11
Use representative examplesp. 12
Background information is crucialp. 14
Consider counterexamplesp. 17
Arguments by Analogyp. 19
Analogy requires a relevantly similar examplep. 21
Arguments from Authorityp. 24
Sources should be citedp. 25
Seek informed sourcesp. 26
Seek impartial sourcesp. 28
Cross-check sourcesp. 30
Personal attacks do not disqualify a sourcep. 30
Arguments about Causesp. 32
Explain how cause leads to effectp. 33
Propose the most likely causep. 35
Correlated events are not necessarily relatedp. 36
Correlated events may have a common causep. 36
Either of two correlated events may cause the otherp. 38
Causes may be complexp. 38
Deductive Argumentsp. 40
Modus Ponensp. 41
Modus Tollensp. 42
Hypothetical Syllogismp. 44
Disjunctive Syllogismp. 46
Dilemmap. 47
Reductio ad absurdump. 48
Deductive arguments in several stepsp. 50
Composing an Argumentative Essay
Exploring the Issuep. 53
Explore the arguments on all sides of the issuep. 54
Question and defend each argument's premisesp. 56
Revise and rethink arguments as they emergep. 57
Composing an Argumentative Essay
Main Points of the Essayp. 59
Explain the questionp. 59
Make a definite claim or proposalp. 60
Develop your arguments fullyp. 61
Consider objectionsp. 62
Consider alternativesp. 63
Composing an Argumentative Essay
Writingp. 64
Follow your outlinep. 64
Keep the introduction briefp. 65
Give your arguments one at a timep. 65
Clarify, clarify, clarifyp. 67
Support objections with argumentsp. 68
Don't claim more than you have shownp. 69
Fallaciesp. 71
The Two Great Fallaciesp. 71
Some Classical Fallaciesp. 73
Definitionp. 79
When terms are unclear, get specificp. 80
When terms are contested, work from the clear casesp. 82
Don't expect definitions to do the work of argumentsp. 84
Next Stepsp. 86
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