This Business of Songwriting

ISBN-10: 0823077594

ISBN-13: 9780823077595

Edition: 2006

Authors: Jason Blume

List price: $24.95
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Writing great songs is not enough. To make money, songwriters need a firm, realistic grasp of how songs generate income. This Business of Songwriting is the first book to demystify the process of doing business as a songwriter. Author Jason Blume, an industry veteran with twenty years on both sides of the desk, starts by defining terms; then walks readers step-by-step through the process of starting and operating a publishing company; teaches how to pitch songs to publishers, artists, managers, A&R representatives, and producers; offers a detailed explanation of how the singles and album charts work; and throughout, provides valuable information about how to make money writing songs. This Business of Songwriting is a one-volume resource that teaches the skills and knowledge every songwriter needs to succeed.
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Book details

List price: $24.95
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: Watson-Guptill Publications, Incorporated
Publication date: 5/1/2006
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 288
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.00" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.298
Language: English

Jason Blume is a staff writer for Zomba Music. He has written songs for the Backstreet Boys, Britney Spears, as well as John Berry’s Top 5 country single, “Change my Mind” and Steve Azar’s country hit “I Never Stopped Lovin’ You.” He also developed and teaches the BMI Nashville Songwriters Workshop. He lives in Nashville, TN.

Understanding Music Publishing
Grasping the Basics of Music Publishing
What Music Publishing Really Means
What a Music Publisher Really Does
Creative Responsibilities
Administrative Responsibilities
The Difference Between a Music Publisher and a Record Label
The Relationship Between a Songwriter and a Music Publisher
Music Publishing Versus Work for Hire
Getting a Publisher to Represent Your Work
It All Starts with Writing Great Songs
...But You Also Need to Consider the Market
Getting Feedback About Your Work
Where to Go to Get Your Songs Critiqued
How to Get the Most from a Song Critique-and What Not to Do
Getting Your Foot in the Door
Why Referrals Are Useful in Attracting a Publisher's Attention
How to Get Referrals That Attract Attention
Preparing to Interest a Publisher with a Presentation Package
Composing an Effective Cover Letter
What to Include on Your CD
How Many Songs to Include-and in What Order
Preparing for and Meeting with a Publisher Face-to-Face
Preparing a Proper Lyric Sheet
Presenting Yourself Professionally
Asking the Right Questions
Working As a Staff-Writer
What Staff-Writing Really Means
How Staff-Writers Are Paid
How a Publisher Recoups
The Pros and Cons of Staff-Writing
How to Get a Staff-Writing Deal
Understanding Music Publishing Agreements
Analyzing a Single Song Publishing Agreement
Assignment of Work
Warranties and Representations
Terms Defined
Legal Action
Complete Terms of Agreement
Analyzing an Assignment of Copyright
Analyzing an Exclusive Songwriting Agreement
Grant of Rights
Prior Compositions
Warranties, Covenants, and Representations
Power of Attorney
Delivery Requirement
Writer's Services; Demonstration Recordings
Promotional Appearances
Collaboration with Other Writers
Name and Likeness
Separate Agreements
Post-Term Rights
Unique Services
Entire Agreement
Modification; Waiver; Enforceability
Status of Parties
Notice of Breach
Legal Counsel
Controlling Law
Attorneys' Fees
Self-Publishing Your Work and Exploiting Your Copyrights
Setting Up a Music Publishing Company
Affiliating with a Performing Rights Organization
Clearing a Name Through ASCAP, BMI, or SESAC
What It Takes to Be a Successful Publisher
Exploiting Your Self-Published Work
How to Know Who Is Looking for Songs-and How to Get to Them
Using Tip Sheets Effectively
Joining Taxi
Preparing Your Song Submission Package
Cover Letter
Lyric Sheet
Compact Disc
Casting Your Self-Published Songs
Getting Feedback
Analyzing Artists' Work
Allowing Developing Artists to Record Your Songs
Pitching Songs to Unsigned and Independent Artists
Providing Track Mixes
The Pros and Cons of Self-Publishing
Copublishing Your Work
Co-administering Your Material
How to Get a Copublishing Deal
Analyzing Copublishing Provisions for Single Song and Exclusive Songwriting Agreements
Ownership and Administration
Administration; Reversion
First Right of Refusal: Matching Right
Exhibit "A"
Understanding Participation Agreements
Operating As a Performing Songwriter
The Benefits of Publishing Deals for Performing Songwriters
Sources of Income for Performing Songwriters
Recording Your Own CD
Hiring a Producer
Hiring Musicians and Vocalists
Paying Mechanical Royalties
Understanding Copyright Administration and Administration Agreements
Administration Deals
Analyzing an Administration Agreement
Settlement of Claims
Royalty Accounting
Term of Agreement
Entire Agreement
Power of Attorney
How Songs Generate Income
Understanding Mechanical Licenses and Mechanical Royalties
Mechanical Licenses
Analyzing a Mechanical Licensing Agreement
Right to Grant Mechanical License
Rights Granted
Musical Arrangements
Royalty Rate
Royalty Accounting
Right to Audit
License Termination
Definition of Phonorecords
Copyright Acknowledgment
Limitation of Rights; Legal Disputes
Compulsory Mechanical Licenses
First Use Licenses
Digital Licensing
Digital Permanent Downloads
Limited or Tethered Downloads
Streaming and On-Demand Streaming
Mechanical Royalties
Statutory Rate
Controlled Compositions
Additional Reduced Mechanical Royalty Rates
The Harry Fox Agency
Reserves and Returns
Foreign Mechanical Rights Organizations
Understanding Performance Royalties
Performing Rights Organizations
How Radio Performance Royalties Are Monitored and Calculated
How ASCAP Monitors and Pays for Radio Performances
Credit Weights
Radio Feature Premium Payments
How BMI Monitors and Pays for Radio Performances
Current Activity Payments
Hit Song Bonus
Standards Bonus
Commercial Radio Performance Payments
Additional Radio Performance Payments
Radio Feature Performance Bonus Payment Rates
Super Bonus Payment Rates
Upper-Level Bonus Payment Rate
Mid-Level Bonus Payment Rate
Entry-Level Bonus Payment Rate
Additional Bonuses
How SESAC Monitors and Pays for Radio Performances
How Television Performance Royalties Are Monitored and Calculated
Categories of Television Music and the Royalties They Generate
Cue Sheets
How ASCAP Monitors and Pays for Television Performances
Weighting for Various Television Music Uses
Feature Performances
Theme Songs
Background Music
Music in Television Commercials
How BMI Monitors and Pays for Television Performances
Time of Day
Length of Performance
Number of Network Stations
BMI Royalty Payments for Music on ABC, CBS, and NBC
BMI Royalty Payments for Music on Local Television
BMI Royalty Payments for PBS and Cable Television
How SESAC Monitors and Pays for Television Performances
Feature Performances
Theme Performances
Background Performances
Jingle, Promo, and Logo Performances
Time of Day
Value Factor
Royalties for Live Performances
Internet Royalties
Why, How, and When to Join a Performing Rights Organization
Resigning from a PRO
Registering Works
How to Decide Which PRO Is Right for You
Foreign Performing Rights Organizations
Writing and Marketing Music for Film and Television
Pitching Music for Film and Television
Production Music Libraries
Legal Considerations When Placing Demos in Film and on TV
Synchronization Licenses
Music Supervisors and Music Clearance
Synchronization Fees
Synchronization Fees for Major Studio Films
Synchronization Fees for Television Shows
Analyzing a Synchronization Licensing Agreement
Musical Composition
Motion Picture Title
Performance License-United States
Foreign Performing License
Videogram License
"Most Favored Nations"
Publisher's Reservation of Rights
Cue Sheet
Entire Agreement
Targeting Special Markets
Marketing Songs for the Christian Music Market
Marketing Children's Songs
Licensing Songs for Video Games
Licensing Songs for Musical Theater
Tapping Additional Sources of Income
Writing and Marketing Jingles and Music for Commercials
Radio and Television Station IDs
Generic Jingles
Product Advertising Jingles
Preexisting Songs in Jingles
Licensing Songs for Commercials
Print Licensing
Print Music Licensing Fees
Sheet Music
Instructional, Classical, and Additional Kinds of Sheet Music
Electronic Sheet Music
Reprinting Lyrics in Books and Magazines
Analyzing a Lyric Reprint Licensing Agreement
Grant of Rights
File Copy
Publication Expenses
Term of Agreement
Status of Parties
Right to Audit
Right to Enter into Agreement
Controlling Law
Pitching Songs to Foreign Markets
Entering Songwriting Competitions
Understanding Subpublishing
The Role of a Subpublisher
How to Get a Subpublisher
Analyzing a Subpublishing Agreement
Subpublisher's Rights
Retention of Rights
Term of Agreement
Royalty Payments
Method of Payment
Copyright Notice
Subpublisher's Representations and Warranties
Owner's Representations and Warranties
Reservation of Rights
Failure to Comply
Assignment of Agreement
The Entire Agreement
Learning How the Music Charts Work
Singles Sales Charts
Understanding Radio Formats and Singles Charts
Reporting Radio Stations
How Singles Chart Positions Are Determined
Defining the Music Ranked on Various Charts
Album Sales Charts
Digital Sales Charts
How to Protect Your Songs
Copyrighting Your Songs and Working with Attorneys
The Rights and Protections Afforded by Copyright
How to Copyright Songs and Sound Recordings
Analyzing Copyright Form PA
Title of this Work
Name of Author
Year in Which Creation of the Work Was Completed
Date and Nation of First Publication of this Particular Work
Copyright Claimant(s)
Previous Registration
Derivative Work or Compilation
Material Added to this Work
Deposit Account
Address for Return of Certificate
Copyright Registration Agencies
Copyright Infringement
Conditions of Copyright Infringement
Proving Ownership
Establishing Access
Demonstrating Substantial Similarity
The Legality of Incorporating Celebrity, Company, and Product Names
Remedies for Infringement
Including Proper Copyright Notice
Using Samples
Public Domain
Termination of Copyright
When and Why You Need an Attorney
Working with an Attorney to Shop a Deal
How to Find an Entertainment Attorney
Hiring Independent Songpluggers and Avoiding Scams
Working with Independent Songpluggers
How Independent Songpluggers Are Compensated
Independent Songplugger Agreement
Bonus Schedules
Pitch Reports
Avoiding the Scams
Compilation Albums
Setting Song Poems, Poems, and Lyrics to Music
Bogus Grammy Nominations
Recording Studios Acting As Publishers
How to Protect Yourself from the Scams
Maximizing Your Chances for Success
The Rights Afforded Authors of Joint and Derivative Works
Establishing Percentages of Ownership
Signing Collaborators' Agreements
Dividing the Publisher's Share
How to Find Collaborators-and Why
Resolving Conflicts with Cowriters
Organizing Your Business
Managing Your Ideas and Finished Songs
Keeping Track of Your Money
Monitoring Performance Royalties
Documenting and Verifying Demo Expenses
Managing Your Income
Making Time for Your Songwriting Business
Developing Persistence and Realistic Expectations
Do You Need to Move to a Music Center?
How Long Does It Take to Achieve Success?
Developing Persistence
Establishing Realistic Goals
Finding Validation and Encouragement
A Final Note from the Author
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