Liberalization's Children Gender, Youth, and Consumer Citizenship in Globalizing India
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Description: Liberalization's Childrenexplores how youth and gender have become crucial sites for a contested cultural politics of globalization in India. Popular discourses draw a contrast between "midnight's children," who were rooted in post-independence Nehruvian developmentalism, and "liberalization's children," who are global in outlook and unapologetically consumerist. Moral panics about beauty pageants and the celebration of St. Valentine's Day reflect ambivalence about the impact of an expanding commodity culture, especially on young women. By simply highlighting the triumph of consumerism, such discourses obscure more than they reveal. Through a careful analysis of "consumer citizenship," Ritty Lukose argues that the breakdown of the Nehruvian vision connects with ongoing struggles over the meanings of public life and the cultural politics of belonging. Those struggles play out in the ascendancy of Hindu nationalism; reconfigurations of youthful, middle-class femininity; attempts by the middle class to alter understandings of citizenship; and assertions of new forms of masculinity by members of lower castes. Moving beyond elite figurations of globalizing Indian youth, Lukose draws on ethnographic research to examine how non-elite college students in the southern state of Kerala mediate region, nation, and globe. Kerala sits at the crossroads of development and globalization. Held up as a model of a left-inspired developmental trajectory, it has also been transformed through an extensive, largely non-elite, transnational circulation of labour, money, and commodities to the Persian Gulf and elsewhere. Focusing on fashion, romance, student politics, and education, she carefully tracks how gender, caste, and class and colonial and postcolonial legacies of culture and power impact how students navigate their roles as citizens and consumers. Lukose explores how mass-mediation and an expanding commodity culture have differentially incorporated young people into the structures and aspirational logics of globalization.
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List price: $21.99
Copyright year: 2010
Publisher: Duke University Press
Publication date: 11/13/2009
Size: 6.25" wide x 9.25" long x 0.75" tall
Ania Loomba is Catherine Bryson Professor of English at the University of Pennsylvania.Ritty Lukose is Associate Professor in the Gallatin School of Individualized Study at New York University.
|Introduction: Liberalization's Children-Nation, Generation, and Globalization|
|Locating Kerala, Between Development and Globalization|
|Fashioning Gender and Consumption|
|Romancing the Public|
|Politics, Privatization, and Citizenship|
|Education, Caste, and the Secular|
|Epilogue: Consumer Citizenship in the Era of Globalization|