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Description: View the Table of Contents .nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Read the Introduction . "This book opens discussion related to the female gender role and the socialization of girls in many different, thought provoking ways, and serves as a timely critique of the current societal messages directed toward girls." Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy "Brown declares that to change the patterns of female animosity we must address the social environment as well as the individual." Women's Review of Books "Brown's book, however, is a clear departure from the film [Mean Girls] stereotypes about dumb, mean, backstabbing girls." Waterville, Sunday Morning Sentinel"Girlfightingis a serious and intelligent analysis of the cruelty and meanness involved in girls' relationships at each stage of development." Pyschiatric Services ocirc;Lyn Brown gives us a wider, different, and eye-opening view of the problem. . . This is the smartest book on mean girls around.ouml; Sharon Lamb, author ofThe Secret Lives of Girls ocirc;When it comes to girls' issues, there aren't many people more expert than Lyn Mikel Brown.ouml; Daughters magazine "Brown provides an excellent resource, thorough and readable. Women can find their history in this book." VOYA "...Brown does an excellent job of continually casting girls' struggles in the larger frame of social and cultural disadvantages and the narrow role possibilities that supress their authenticity." Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal For some time, reality TV, talk shows, soap-operas, and sitcoms have turned their spotlights on women and girls who thrive on competition and nastiness. Few fairytales lack the evil stepmother, wicked witch, or jealous sister. Even cartoons feature mean and sassy girls who only become sweet and innocent when adults appear. And recently, popular books and magazines have turned their gaze away from ways of positively influencing girls' independence and self-esteem and towards the topic of girls' meanness to other girls. What does this say about the way our culture views girlhood? How much do these portrayals affect the way girls view themselves? InGirlfighting, psychologist and educator Lyn Mikel Brown scrutinizes the way our culture nurtures and reinforces this sort of meanness in girls. She argues that the old adage "girls will be girls"gossipy, competitive, cliquish, backstabbing and the idea that fighting is part of a developmental stage or a rite-of-passage, are not acceptable explanations. Instead, she asserts, girls are discouraged from expressing strong feelings and are pressured to fulfill unrealistic expectations, to be popular, and struggle to find their way in a society that still reinforces gender stereotypes and places greater value on boys. Under such pressure, in their frustration and anger, girls (often unconsciously) find it less risky to take out their fears and anxieties on other girls instead of challenging the ways boys treat them, the way the media represents them, or the way the culture at large supports sexist practices. Girlfightingtraces the changes in girls' thoughts, actions and feelings from childhood into young adulthood, providing the developmental understanding and theoretical explanation often lacking in other conversations. Through interviews with over 400 girls of diverse racial, economic, and geographic backgrounds, Brown chronicles the labyrinthine journey girls take from direct and outspoken children who like and trust other girls, to distrusting and competiti